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All About OSHA ► Pre-OSHA conditions  Safety primarily regulated at the State level  State safety programs were weak ► Inspectors could enter only after.

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Presentation on theme: "All About OSHA ► Pre-OSHA conditions  Safety primarily regulated at the State level  State safety programs were weak ► Inspectors could enter only after."— Presentation transcript:

1 All About OSHA ► Pre-OSHA conditions  Safety primarily regulated at the State level  State safety programs were weak ► Inspectors could enter only after an accident or worker complaint ► Court order required to force compliance with violations ► Prior to OSHA, Game and Fish Officers out-numbered Safety Inspectors 2 to 1.

2 All About OSHA ► Pre-OSHA conditions (continued)  Federal Agencies ► Walsh-Healey Act of 1936  Allowed the Secretary of Labor to set safety standards for companies doing more than $10,000 of business with the government  As late as 1969, less than 5% of the 75,000 workplaces covered were inspected ► Bureau of Mines  1941 – given power to inspect mines  1952 – given power to set and enforce safety standards

3 All About OSHA ► Pre-OSHA conditions (continued)  Factors leading to formation of OSHA ► 29% rise in workplace injuries from 1961 to 1970 ► Farmington mine explosion that killed 78 miners ► Newly formed Environmental movement increasing awareness of workplace hazards

4 All About OSHA ► What is OSHA?  Occupational Safety and Health Administration  Established by the Williams-Steiger Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970, the Act established for the first time a nationwide, federal program to protect almost the entire work force from job-related death, injury and illness. Secretary of Labor James Hodgson's first step was to establish within the Labor Department, effective April 28, 1971, a special agency, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) to administer the Act.  Composed of a “home” office in Washington D.C., 10 Regional Offices and many local offices (OSHA Regional Map) OSHA Regional MapOSHA Regional Map

5 All About OSHA ► OSHA Basics  Who is covered? ► ► employers and employees either directly through Federal OSHA or through an OSHA-approved state program  Who is not covered ► ► The self-employed ► ► family of farm employers that do not employ outside workers ► ► Worker conditions that are regulated under worker safety or health requirements of other federal agencies ► ► Employees of state and local governments

6 All About OSHA ► OSHA Basics  Employer Requirements ► ► Maintain conditions or adopt practices reasonably necessary and appropriate to protect workers on the job; ► ► Be familiar with and comply with standards applicable to their establishments; and ► ► Ensure that employees have and use personal protective equipment when required for safety and health.

7 All About OSHA ► OSHA Basics  Employer Requirements ► General Duty clause applies where there is no specific OSHA standard   Each employer must “furnish... a place of employment which [is] free from recognized hazards that are causing or are likely to cause death or serious physical harm to his employees. ”

8 All About OSHA ► OSHA Basics  Reporting requirements ► ► All employers must report to OSHA within eight hours of learning about:   The death of any employee from a work-related incident; and/or   The in-patient hospitalization of three or more employees as a result of a work-related incident. ► ► employers must report all fatal heart attacks that occur at work

9 All About OSHA ► OSHA Basics  Recordkeeping Requirements ► ► requires covered employers to prepare and maintain records of occupational injuries and illnesses.  OSHA Logs OSHA Logs OSHA Logs ► Other OSHA regs may have specific recordkeeping requirements

10 All About OSHA ► OSHA Inspections  Triggered by ► Fatality ► Serious accident resulting in hospitalization of three or more employees ► Complaint by an employee ► Targeted industries ► Programmed Inspections ► Local emphasis programs ( Region VI programs) Region VI programs Region VI programs

11 All About OSHA ► OSHA Inspections  How it works: ► Compliance Officer will present credentials, state the reason he is there, ask to see owner ► Conduct opening conference with owner, manager, etc. ► Inspect the workplace  Accompanied by owner/manager, employee representative if applicable  May ask to interview employee(s) in private ► Conduct closing conference and discuss potential violations if any

12 All About OSHA ► OSHA Inspections  Do’s and Don’ts ► ► Do   Be prepared ► ► Know what regs apply and be in compliance!   Be polite!   Be cooperative ► ► Don’ts   Opposite of Do’s

13 All About OSHA ► OSHA Inspections  Common Violations Search by SIC code Search by SIC code Search by SIC code ► Hazcom – training, MSDS, labeling ► PPE – – failure to provide ► PPE – – failure to train on PPE ► PPE – – failure to require eye or face protection ► Eyewash – – failure to provide ► Recordkeeping – – OSHA logs

14 All About OSHA ► Hazards Communication (HAZCOM)  A little history  Labeling ► DO NOT remove manufacturers labels ► Every secondary container must be labeled (spray bottles of cleaner, alcohol, etc)  Training ► Required for EVERY employee in clinic ► MUST be documented (sign in roster, completed and corrected tests)

15 All About OSHA ► Hazards Communication (HAZCOM)  Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) ► Know what they are ► Know where they are ► Know what information is in them  Chemicals  Their hazards  How to protect yourself  Halothane MSDS Halothane MSDS Halothane MSDS

16 All About OSHA ► Chemical Waste  What do you do with used solutions, out of date materials, etc? ► Pour them down the drain? NO ► Pour them on the ground? NO ► Follow manufacturers instructions? YES

17 All About OSHA ► Chemical Waste  What do you do with out of date pharmaceuticals, returned drugs? ► Flush them down the toilet? NO ► Take them home and use them? NO ► Dispose of thru a licensed disposal company? YES ► Some out of date drugs may be considered Hazardous Waste by the EPA

18 All About OSHA ► Chemical Waste  Controlled Substances ► How do you identify? ► Disposal issues


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