Presentation on theme: "Social Institutions Family The Functions Of Family Families And Power Education The Functions Of School The Hidden Curriculum Religion The Functions Of."— Presentation transcript:
Social Institutions Family The Functions Of Family Families And Power Education The Functions Of School The Hidden Curriculum Religion The Functions Of Religion Can Religion Be Bad? An Organized and Established Social System That Meets One Or More Of A Society’s Basic Needs
What Societies Need To Survive Replace Its Members : Replace Its Members : Groups do this through procreation, conversion, or immigration Teach New Recruits : Teach New Recruits : Groups do this through education, indoctrination, or informal interaction. Produce/Distribute Goods : Produce/Distribute Goods : Groups must satisfy members’ needs or face discontent and disorder. Preserve Order: Preserve Order: Groups protect their members from both internal and external threats. Provide A Sense Of Purpose: Provide A Sense Of Purpose: Groups help members understand their value to the society, providing motivation for them to continue as members of it..
The Functions Of Family To regulate sexual activity To ensure that new babies survive to become adult members of the society To ensure that children are socialized into the norms and values of society To provide “economic” support for family members To satisfy our emotional needs for love and security To provide us with a sense of place and position The “Benchmark” Family Is The Traditional Intact Nuclear Family Of A Breadwinner Husband, Homemaker Wife, And Their Children (Preferably A Boy And A Girl)
Families And Power Feminist Theory “An analysis of women’s subordination for the purpose of figuring out how to change it” (Gordon 1979) The family is a central institution for the reproduction of oppression through socialization and role-making Who controls the means of reproduction?
The Functions Of Schools Manifest Functions Sorting and Selecting Teaching Cognitive Culture Teaching Normative Culture Teaching Civic Culture Latent Functions Give Parents Free Day Care Help Us Find Mates Facilitate Social Reform Cognitive Culture: “The Three R’s” Normative Culture: “The Two R’s” Civic Culture: Citizenship & Ideology
The Hidden Curriculum Conformity To Cultural Norms Obedience To Authority Following Rules Competition Honesty Loyalty Courtesy Punctuality Submissiveness Cultural Integration Nationalism & Patriotism Conformity To Cultural Norms Obedience To Authority Following Rules Competition Honesty Loyalty Courtesy Punctuality Submissiveness Cultural Integration Nationalism & Patriotism Schools Infuse The Teaching Of Basic Information With Values, Norms, and Myths Supportive Of Capitalism And Capitalists. S CHOOLS S ERVE T HE I NTERESTS O F E LITES Reinforce Inequities By Reproducing Them Teach Skills Appropriate To Our Place In The Society Perpetuate The Status Quo By Legitimizing It Generate Norms That Maintain The Status Quo
The Functions Of Religion Economics “The first form of economic cooperation” Culture Poetry, speeches, literature, music Education Schools and colleges Politics The “priests” became politicians Media Locations of amusement and publishing The Black church provides “social intercourse, it provides amusements of various kinds, it serves as a newspaper and intelligence bureau, it supplants the theater, it directs the picnic and excursion, it furnishes the music, it introduces the stranger to the community, it serves as a lyceum, library, and lecture bureau—it is, in fine the central organ of the organized life of the American Negro.” (W.E.B. DuBois 1867) Creates and Reinforces Both Social Solidarity & Social Control Primarily Through Belief, Ritual, and Experience Creates and Reinforces Both Social Solidarity & Social Control Primarily Through Belief, Ritual, and Experience
Can Religion Be Bad? Legitimates The Status Quo Religion doesn’t bring the society together. It legitimates the things that make us different. Religion portrays the authority/power of the upper classes as just. Religion is useful as a tool to legitimate oppression. Judaism’s Torah: "Your male and female slaves are to come from the nations around you; from them you may buy slaves. You may also buy some of the temporary residents living among you ; they will become your property. You can will them to your children as inherited property and can make them slaves for life. Islam’s Qu’ran: “Men are in charge of women. Hence good women are obedient. As for those whose rebelliousness you fear, admonish them, banish them from your bed, and scourge them." Christianity’s New Testament: “Because of this, God gave them over to shameful lusts. Even their women exchanged natural relations for unnatural ones. In the same way the men also abandoned natural relations with women and were inflamed with lust for one another. Men committed indecent acts with other men, and received in themselves the due penalty for their perversion.”
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