5 Regions: Northeast Southeast Midwest Southwest West
I hear America singing, the varied carols I hear, Those of merchants, each one singing his as it should be blithe and strong. The carpenter singing his as he measures his plank or beam, The mason singing his as he makes ready for work, or leaves off work, The boatman singing what belongs to him in his boat, the deckhand singing on the steamboat deck, The shoemaker singing as he sits on his bench, the hatter singing as he stands. The wood-cutter's song, the ploughboy's on his way in the morning, or at noon intermission or at sundown, The delicious singing of the mother, or the young wife at work, or of the girl sewing and washing, Each singing what belongs to him or her and to none else, The day what belongs to the day - - at night the party of young fellows, robust, friendly, Singing with open mouths their strong melodious songs.
In your student packet write the names and capitals of the following Northeast states: New England States Middle Atlantic States STATECAPITAL MaineAugusta New HampshireConcord VermontMontpelier MassachusettsBoston ConnecticutHartford Rhode IslandProvidence New YorkAlbany PennsylvaniaHarrisburg New JerseyTrenton DelawareDover MarylandAnnapolis
Color the New England states one color. Color the Middle Atlantic states another color.
Resources and Products of the Northeast Grapes are just one of the many products of the northeast. Grown in vineyards, places where grapevines are planted, thousands of tons of the large purple berries are produced each year. Some of the largest vineyards in the northeast are in New York. Another berry grown in the Northeast is the cranberry. Of the 1,000 cranberry farms in the United States, 500 of them are in Massachusetts. Most cranberries are grown in bogs. A bog is an area of soft, wet, spongy ground.
Resources and Products of the Northeast Another famous Northeast product is maple syrup. Maple syrup is a sweet liquid made from the sap of sugar maple trees. Sap is the liquid that circulates through a plant carrying water and food. Minerals are also a resource of the Northeast. Most rocks, such as granite and marble, are combinations of minerals. New Hampshire, known as the Granite State, has many quarries, places where stone is cut, dug, or blasted out for use in building.
Northeast Facts and Information Thousands of lobsters are caught off the coast of Maine every year. The Statue of Liberty was a gift from the people of France to the United States in Boston is the largest city in New England. The Boardwalk in Atlantic City, New Jersey, is 60 feet wide and runs along the Atlantic coast for 6 ½ miles. It is lined with restaurants, hotels, shops and theaters.
For hundreds of years, the Narragansett (nair uh GAN sit) lived in what is now the state of Rhode Island. They hunted, fished, and grew corn and vegetables for food. The Narragansett home was a wigwam, a cozy hut made of wooden poles and covered with bark. The Narragansett land was divided up into a number of territories. Each territory had it’s own chief, or sachem. Sachem means “ruler.”
After the Narragansett were forced from their land in the late 1600’s they scattered. In 1978, Rhode Island returned about 1,800 acres of land to the Narragansett reservation. Some Narragansett live on the reservation today. Others live throughout the northeast. Every August, the Narragansett hold their Annual Meeting Powwow and Green Corn Festival on their reservation in Charleston, Rhode Island. A powwow is a festival of Native Americans. The Narragansett’s powwow is a time for dancing, singing, and renewing old friendships.
Narragansett People detech/Thenarragansetts.htm
The tumblers of the rapids go white, go gerren go changing over the gray, the brown, the rocks, The fight of the water, the stones, the fight makes a foam laughter before the last look over the long slide down the spread of a sheen in the straight fall, Then the grow, the chutter, down under the boom and the muffle, the hoo hoi deep, the hoo hoi down, this is Niagara
There's hot corn And franks. There's the boardwalk With lots of games, With chances To win or lose. There's the sun. Underneath the boardwalk It's cool, And the sand is salty. The beach is Like a fruitstand of people, Big and little, Red and white, Brown and yellow. There's the sea With high green waves. And after, There's hot corn And franks.
In your student packet write the names and capitals of the following Southeast states: STATECAPITAL VirginiaRichmond West VirginiaCharleston KentuckyFrankfurt TennesseeNashville North CarolinaRaleigh South CarolinaColumbia GeorgiaAtlanta FloridaTallahassee AlabamaMontgomery ArkansasLittle Rock MississippiJackson LouisianaBaton Rouge
Color the Southeast states.
Resources and Products of the Southeast Land for farming is a valuable resource. Farming has been an important industry ever since the first settlers came to the Southeast. Today, major crops of the region are cotton, corn, peanuts, rice, oranges, and soybeans. Citrus fruits such as oranges, limes, lemons, and grapefruits grow well in Florida.
Resources and Products of the Southeast Coal is a black fossil fuel that is a nonrenewable resource. A fossil fuel is a fuel that is formed in the earth from the remains of plants and animals. Coal is found in some parts of Appalachia including parts of Kentucky and West Virginia. Trees are another important resource of the southeast. Some farmers in the southeast grow and harvest trees, just like other crops. Trees are harvested from the pine forests of the coastal plains and parts of Appalachia. The trees are used for lumber or to make furniture. Some trees are made into pulp, a combination of ground up wood chips, water, and chemicals. Pulp is used in the production of paper.
Southeast Facts and Information The magnolia is a type of flowering tree that grows wild in the southeast. Georgia farmers grow 38% of the nations peanuts. Manatees live along the coast of Florida. They are also called “sea cows.” Adult manatees are about 10 feet long and weigh 800 to 1,200 pounds. Many people visit Charleston, South Carolina to see the city’s historic buildings. Space Shuttle missions lift off from the John F. Kennedy Space Center in Florida.
Hundreds of years ago, the Cherokee made their homes in the mountains of southern Appalachia. They lived in villages. They grew corn, squash, beans, and other crops. They trapped rabbits and shot deer with bow and arrow. They also hunted wild turkeys and bears. They gathered wild fruits and nuts. In the summer, the Cherokee lived in rectangular houses. In the winter, they lived in smaller, warmer round huts. Their huts had thick walls made of clay and poles.
A Cherokee man named Sequoyah made up an alphabet for the Cherokee language. He was one of the few people to ever develop an alphabet on his own. After gold was discovered on Cherokee land in 1828, settlers were determined to force Cherokee off their lands. In the 1830’s the US government ordered Native American groups of the region to give up their land. American soldiers forced Cherokee families to move west to what is now Oklahoma. Forced to walk hundreds of miles without enough food or warm clothing, thousands of Cherokee died. Their journey came to be called the Trail of Tears.
Everglades National Park Quiz Southeast Cities na/u3/index.html Out of The Ashes Article na/u3/article.html
I always like summer best you can eat fresh corn from daddy's garden and okra and greens and cabbage and lots of barbecue and buttermilk and homemade ice-cream at the church picnic and listen to gospel music outside at the church homecoming and go to the mountains with your grandmother and go barefooted and be warm all the time not only when you go to bed and sleep.
In your student packet write the names and capitals of the following Midwest states: Plains States Great Lakes States STATECAPITAL North DakotaBismarck South DakotaPierre NebraskaLincoln KansasTopeka IowaDes Moines MissouriJefferson City MinnesotaSt. Paul WisconsinMadison IllinoisSpringfield MichiganLansing IndianaIndianapolis OhioColumbus
Color the Plains states one color. Color the Great Lakes states another color.
Resources and Products of the Midwest Rich soil and a long growing season help make the Midwest an important agricultural region. The Corn Palace is in Mitchell, South Dakota. It was built to show how important agriculture is in the Midwest. The palace is redecorated each year with naturally colored corn and other grains and native grasses. Besides corn, soybeans, and wheat many other farm products come from the Midwest. The region is a leading hog producer. Corn-fed hogs provide pork and ham.
Resources and Products of the Midwest Michigan has acres of apple, cherry, peach, and plum orchards, and fields of blueberries, grapes, and strawberries. Milk and dairy products are also important to Wisconsin’s economy. Some of the nations largest cattle ranches are on the wide-open spaces of the Great Plains. The grain-fed cattle of the Midwest provide top quality beef.
Midwest Facts and Information Thousands of people enjoy sailing on the great lakes every year. Nearly half of the corn grown in the United States is grown in Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, and Ohio. Sculptor Gutzon Borglum spend more than 14 years carving the faces of the four US Presidents on Mt. Rushmore in South Dakota. The 630-foot Gateway Arch in St. Louis, Missouri, is the nation’s tallest monument. It is a monument to the spirit of western pioneers. The moose is Minnesota’s largest animal. Moose can grow to be 6 ½ feet high at the shoulder.
The Ojibwa (oh JIB way) lived along the coast of the Atlantic ocean. Centuries ago, they moved westward. They settled in what is the present-say cities of Duluth, Minnesota; Milwaukee, Wisconsin; and Mt. Pleasant, Michigan. The Ojibwa hunted and fished it the region’s many lakes and rivers. They also gathered wild rice and berries from the forests, marshes, and waterways. They traveled through the northern Great Lakes region in canoes made from the bark of birch trees.
Like liquid god the wheat-field lies, A marvel of yellow and russet and green, That ripples and runs, that floats and flies, With the subtle shadows, the change, the sheen, That play in the golden hair of a girl, - A ripple of amber - - a flare Of light sweeping after - - a curl In the hollows like swirling feet Of fairy waltzers, the colors run To the western sun Through the deeps of the ripening wheat.
The buffaloes are gone. And those who saw the buffaloes are gone Those who saw the buffaloes by thousands and how they pawed the prairie sod into dust with their hoof, their great heads down pawing on in a great pageant of dusk, Those who saw the buffaloes are gone. And the buffaloes are gone.
In your student packet write the names and capitals of the following Southwest states: STATECAPITAL ArizonaPhoenix TexasAustin New MexicoSanta Fe OklahomaOklahoma City
Color the Southwest states.
Resources and Products of the Southwest The oil industry is important to the economy of the southwest. Oil is a natural resource, and it is nonrenewable. A nonrenewable resource is one that cannot be replaced by nature. Oil comes out of the ground in the form of a thick black liquid called crude oil. A gusher is an oil well that produces a large amount of oil. Technology is another important part of the Southwestern economy. Arizona factories manufacture electronic equipment, aircraft, space vehicles, and missiles. Companies in New Mexico make computer chips and computers. Texas industries make computers, radios, calculators, and electronic equipment.
Southwest Facts and Information Yellow blossoms of the prickly pear cactus can be seen throughout the Southwest. This bowl was made by the Anasazi, a group of Native American who lived in Arizona and New Mexico long ago. The roadrunner, the state bird of New Mexico, prefers running to flying. It can run as fast as 17 miles per hour. Astronauts are trained at Johnson Space Center in Houston,Texas, for the work they will do in space. The lighthouse is one of the rock formations in Palo Duro Canyon In Texas. A boy below rides a sheep at an Oklahoma rodeo event.
Desert Animals of the Southwest
When European explorers came to North America, the Navajo (NAH vah hoh) lived in the hot, dry land of the southwest. The Navajo were mainly hunters and gathers, but they learned farming, pottery making, and basket weaving from the Pueblo, who lived nearby. The Navajo lived in homes called hogans. Usually, a hogan had only one room. The frame of the hogan was made of logs, which were covered in a tick layer of soil. Later, hogans were made of stone, adobe, or wood. The door of a hogan would always face east, toward the rising sun.
The Navajo are now officially called the Navajo Nation. It is the largest Native American group in the United States. Many Navajo live on the reservation, which covers parts of Arizona, New Mexico, and Utah. Navajo culture includes many ceremonies. Some of the ceremonies are for curing sickness. Others teach the history of the people and their responsibility to the Navajo Nation. The Navajo respect nature and aim to “walk in beauty” always.
Grand Canyon Slide show na/u5/index.html Plants and Animals of the Grand Canyon na/u5/article.html Interactive Map Southwest States historymap/fifty2.html
In your student packet write the names and capitals of the following West states: Pacific States Mountain States STATECAPITAL WashingtonOlympia OregonSalem CaliforniaSacramento AlaskaJuneau HawaiiHonolulu MontanaHelena IdahoBoise WyomingCheyenne ColoradoDenver UtahSalt Lake City NevadaCarson City
Color the Pacific States one color. Color the Rocky Mountain States another color.
Resources and Products of the West Apples are one of the many agricultural products of the West. The eastern part of Washington is famous for the many types of apples that are grown there. Cherries, pears, and potatoes are also grown in Washington. The biggest producer of potatoes in the United States is Idaho. California produces a wide variety of fruits, nuts, and vegetables. Among the fruits grown there are grapes, strawberries, peaches, plums, and melons. Some Alaskan crops are barley, oats, hay, and potatoes. Hawaii’s tropical climate is good for growing sugarcane and pineapples. Other Hawaiian crops are macadamia nuts and coffee.
Resources and Products of the West In some western states, livestock are the main source of income from agriculture. Livestock are animals that are raised on farms and ranches. Cattle, sheep, and pigs are examples of livestock. Montana, Idaho, Colorado, Alaska, Washington, Wyoming, and Utah all include beef cattle as one of their main sources of income. Milk is produced in states around the region as well. Many states grow flowers, plants, and bushes to be sold in plant and flower shops. The West is also known for its wealth of mineral resources. Alaska and California produce oil. Coal, gold, and lead are three minerals mined in Colorado. Gold, silver, and copper, among other minerals, are mined in Nevada and Utah.
Resources and Products of the West The fishing industry is very important to the economy of some Western states. In Alaska the yearly fish catch is valued at more than a billion dollars. Workers catch cod, flounder, salmon, and halibut, among other types of fish. Shellfish, such as crab and shrimp, are also important to Alaska’s economy. Hawaii also has a large fishing industry. Swordfish and tuna are caught off the coast of Hawaii.
West Facts and Information Sea otters live in the Pacific Ocean off the Northwest coast of the United States. Sea otters eat and sleep while floating on their backs. Most of the pineapples that are grown in the United States are grown in Hawaii. The Hoover Dam was built on the Colorado River on the boarder of Nevada and Arizona. Workers used more than 5 million barrels of concrete to build the dam. The Golden Gate bridge links San Francisco to Marin County, California. It is one of the longest suspension bridges in the world. Redwood trees grow in California. Redwoods are the tallest trees in the United States. They can grow to a height of 350 feet and live to be 2,000 years old.
The Tlingit (KLINHNG it) are Native Americans who live along the southeastern coast of Alaska and the northern coast of British Columbia in Canada. The Tlingit made good use of resources such as vast forests, fish, and game. They fished for salmon and hunted deer and seals. They used large planks of wood to build large homes. They lived in these home during the winter. During the warmer months, they moved to smaller wooden homes near hunting and fishing grounds. Tlingit families often placed totem poles outside their homes and some Tlingit families still follow this tradition. A totem pole is a tall post carved with images of people and animals. They often represent the history of the family.
One of the most prized Tlingit products, even today, is the Chilkat (CHILL kat) blanket. It was traditionally woven from the dyed wool of mountain goats and sheep. These colorful blankets have detailed designs of shapes and animals. Just as the totem pole might tell the story of a family, the design on a Chilkat blanket tell stories too.
Ghost Town Postcards na/u5/article.html The Town Too Tough To Die Article na/u6/article.html