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Syntax Part 2.  Prayer  Voc. 8 and check Writing Topic #1  Pop Quiz.

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Presentation on theme: "Syntax Part 2.  Prayer  Voc. 8 and check Writing Topic #1  Pop Quiz."— Presentation transcript:

1 Syntax Part 2

2  Prayer  Voc. 8 and check Writing Topic #1  Pop Quiz

3  Write a sentence that displays structure and label each part and define what type of structure  Write a sentence that displays purpose and define what type of purpose including the correct punctuation

4  Appositive: a noun or noun substitute placed next to (in apposition to) another noun to be described or defined by the appositive.  Don't think that appositives are for subjects only and that they always follow the subject.  Henry Jameson, the boss of the operation, always wore a red baseball cap.  [This shows the subject (Henry Jameson) with the appositive (the boss of the operation) following the subject. This is the most commonly used variety.]  A notorious annual feast, the picnic was well attended.  [Here, the appositive (notorious annual feast) is in front of the subject (the picnic).]  That evening we were all at the concert, a really elaborate and exciting affair.  [Here the appositive (elaborate and exciting etc.) follows the noun, which is the object of a preposition (concert).]  With very short appositives, the commas setting off the second noun from the first are often omitted:  That afternoon Kathy Todd the pianist met the poet Thompson.  This morning Mrs. A the dance teacher choreographed a routine for Dance Ensemble.

5  Rhetorical question is not answered by the writer, because its answer is obvious or obviously desired, and usually just a yes or no. It is used for effect, emphasis, or provocation, or for drawing a conclusion statement from the facts at hand.  But how can we expect to enjoy the scenery when the scenery consists entirely of garish billboards? ... For if we lose the ability to perceive our faults, what is the good of living on? --Marcus Aurelius  Is justice then to be considered merely a word? Or is it whatever results from the bartering between attorneys?

6 Often the rhetorical question and its implied answer will lead to further discussion: Is this the end to which we are reduced? Is the disaster film the highest form of art we can expect from our era? Perhaps we should examine the alternatives presented by independent film maker Joe Blow...

7 Several rhetorical questions together can form a nicely developed and directed paragraph by changing a series of logical statements into queries (forms of questioning): We shrink from change; yet is there anything that can come into being without it? What does Nature hold dearer, or more proper to herself? Could you have a hot bath unless the firewood underwent some change? Could you be nourished if the food suffered no change? Do you not see, then, that change in yourself is of the same order, and no less necessary to Nature? --Marcus Aurelius

8 Sometimes the desired answer to the rhetorical question is made obvious by the discussion preceding it: The gods, though they live forever, feel no resentment at having to put up eternally with the generations of men and their misdeeds; nay more, they even show every possible care and concern for them. Are you, then, whose abiding is but for a moment, to lose patience--you who are yourself one of the culprits? --Marcus Aurelius

9  Write 3 examples using appositives  Write 3 examples of rhetorical questions

10  Questions and Annotations for passage 2 of Practice Test  Beginnings of Letters From Birmingham Jail and creating questions  HMWK: Writing Topic #2: #3 form Ques. On Rhetoric and Style (half a page type 12pt font Times New Roman)

11  Examples: Her son, James, is bald. (non restrictive) Her son James is bald. (restrictive)  The first sentence is non-restrictive; it can be broken into two sentences because she has only one son.  e.g. Her son is bald. Her son is James.   The second is restrictive; it tells us which son is bald and so can not be broken into two sentences.  e.g. Her son James is bald. Her son John is not bald. Her son Harry has a toupee.   Because it has no commas, the second sentence tells us that she has more than one son. If you insert commas, you change the meaning of the sentence.

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