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Meat Identification Slide Set STUDY GUIDE Beef – Pork – Veal – Lamb Variety Meats Source: Original slide set published by the former National Live Stock.

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Presentation on theme: "Meat Identification Slide Set STUDY GUIDE Beef – Pork – Veal – Lamb Variety Meats Source: Original slide set published by the former National Live Stock."— Presentation transcript:

1 Meat Identification Slide Set STUDY GUIDE Beef – Pork – Veal – Lamb Variety Meats Source: Original slide set published by the former National Live Stock Meat Board; 36 South Wabash Avenue; Chicago, Illinois Converted to PPT 1/09 from AV slide set S0A

2 Instruction Booklet Meat Identification Slide Set This booklet describes the 136 retail meat cuts shown in the Meat Identification Slide Set. Names of the cuts are based on the Uniform Retail Meat Identity Standards (URMIS) system for beef, pork, lamb and veal. Under the URMIS system, each cut has a three-part label giving the species of the animal, the wholesale or primal name and the specific retail name. URMIS was developed and is coordinated by the former National Live Stock and Meat Board (currently the National Cattlemen Beef Association) through the work of an Industry-wide Cooperative Meat Identification Standards Committee. On an actual store label, some names may be abbreviated, as approved by the URMIS manual, to save space. In this booklet, the retail names are spelled out in full. Each cut is listed with its complete name, and a general description. Since it was impossible to photograph all meat cuts in exactly the same proportion, descriptions include the actual weight and size, expressed in both standard and metric terms. Species are shown in the sequence: beef, pork, lamb and veal. Within each species group, the cuts are shown going from front to rear on the carcass. Source: Original slide set published by the former National Live Stock Meat Board; 36 South Wabash Avenue; Chicago, Illinois Converted to PPT 1/09 from AV slide set S0A Note: Cookery Methods --- D-Dry Heat M-Moist Heat D/M-Dry or Moist Heat

3 Additional information can be found at: Source: Original slide set published by the former National Live Stock Meat Board; 36 South Wabash Avenue; Chicago, Illinois Converted to PPT 1/09 from AV slide set S0A (once you are in this site click on Bovine Myology or Beef Retail blocks for great information)

4 BEEF Source: Original slide set published by the former National Live Stock Meat Board; 36 South Wabash Avenue; Chicago, Illinois Converted to PPT 1/09 from AV slide set S0A

5 1. Beef Chuck Arm Pot-Roast Contains round arm bone and sometimes cross sections of rib bones. Includes several muscles varying in size separated by connective tissue. WT:5.0 lbs; 2.3 kgSIZE:12.2 x 6.3 x 2 in. 31 x 16 x 5 cm Cookery Method: M-Moist Heat

6 2. Beef Chuck Arm Steak Same muscle and bone structure as arm pot-roast but cut thinner, usually less than 1 ½ inches. WT:2.8 lbs; 1.3 kgSIZE:10.6 x 7.5 x 0.9 in. 27 x 19 x 2.4 cm Cookery Method: D/M-Dry or Moist Heat

7 3. Beef Chuck Shoulder Pot-Roast Boneless A part of arm portion of chuck. Boneless with very little fat cover. WT:3.5 lbs; 1.6 kgSIZE:8.3 x 4.7 x 2.2 in. 21 x 12 x 5.5 cm. Cookery Method: M-Moist Heat

8 4. Beef Chuck Shoulder Steak Boneless Same muscle structure as shoulder pot-roast boneless but cut thinner. WT:1.8 lbs; 0.8 kgSIZE:8.7 x 4.7 x 1.2 in. 22 x 12 x 3 cm. Cookery Method: D/M-Dry or Moist Heat

9 5. Beef Chuck Cross Rib Pot-Roast Square cut, thicker at one end, containing 2 or 3 rib bones and alternating layers of lean and fat. Sometimes boneless. May be tied. WT:7.8 lbs; 3.5 kgSIZE:7.0 x 5.5 x 5.9 in. 18 x 14 x 15 cm. Cookery Method: M-Moist Heat

10 6. Beef Chuck Short Ribs Rectangular-shaped with alternating layers of lean and fat. Contain rib bones, cross sections of which are exposed. WT:1.5 lbs; 0.7 kgSIZE:2 x 2 x 2 in. 5 x 5 x 5 cm. Cookery Method: D/M-Dry or Moist Heat

11 7. Beef Chuck Flanken Style Ribs Cut lengthwise rather than between ribs as for short ribs. Contain rib bones and alternating streaks of lean and fat. WT:1.3 lbs; 0.6 kgSIZE:9 x 2 x 2 in. 23 x 5 x 5 cm. Cookery Method: D/M-Dry or Moist Heat

12 8. Beef For Stew Meaty pieces containing varying amounts of fat. Cut 1 to 2 inches square. May be cut from chuck, brisket, rib and plate. WT:1.5 lbs; 0.7 kgSIZE:1.4 x 1.4 x 1.4 in. ea. 3.5 x 3.5 x 3.5 cm. ea. Cookery Method: M-Moist Heat

13 9. Beef Chuck Blade Roast Contains blade bone, backbone, rib bone and a variety of muscles. Usually cut about 2 inches thick. WT:5.0 lbs; 2.3 kgSIZE:11 x 5.9 x 2 in. 28 x 15 x 5 cm Cookery Method: M-Moist Heat

14 10. Beef Chuck Blade Steak Same muscle and bone structure as bade roast but cut thinner, usually less than 1 ½ inches. May or may not contain rib bone, depending on thickness of cut. WT:2.4 lbs; 1.1 kgSIZE:10.2 x 5.5 x 1 in. 26 x 14 x 2.4 cm. Cookery Method: D/M-Dry or Moist Heat

15 11. Beef Chuck 7-Bone Pot-Roast Identified by 7-shaped blade bone. Contains backbone, rib bone, and a variety of muscles. Cut from center of the blade portion of the chuck. WT:5.6 lbs; 2.5 kgSIZE:11.8 x 6.7 x 2 in. 30 x 17 x 5 cm. Cookery Method: M-Moist Heat

16 12. Beef Chuck 7-Bone Steak Same muscle and bone structure as 7-bone pot-roast but cut thinner, usually less than 1 ½ inches. WT:2.5 lbs; 1.1 kgSIZE:9.8 x 7.9 x 1 in. 25 x 20 x 2.5 cm. Cookery Method: D/M-Dry or Moist Heat

17 13. Beef Chuck Top Blade Pot-Roast Contains short 7-shaped blade bone and two or three muscles from top portion of blade roast. Fat covering on one side. WT:2.2 lbs; 1.0 kgSIZE:7.1 x 5.5 x 2 in. 18 x 14 x 5 cm. Cookery Method: M-Moist Heat

18 14. Beef Chuck Under Blade Pot-Roast Contains bones and muscles of bottom portion of blade roast, including chuck eye muscles and rib bone. WT:3.6 lbs; 1.6 kgSIZE:12.6 x 4.3 x 2 in. 32 x 11 x 5 cm. Cookery Method: M-Moist Heat

19 15. Beef Chuck Under Blade Steak Same muscle and bone structure as under blade pot- roast but cut thinner, usually less than 1 ½ inches. WT:1.6 lbs; 0.7 kgSIZE:10.6 x 5.9 x 1 in. 27 x 15 x 2.4 cm. Cookery Method: D/M-Dry or Moist Heat

20 16. Beef Chuck Under Blade Pot-Roast Boneless Bones removed from under blade pot-roast leaving chuck eye, several other muscles and narrow streaks of fat. WT:3.0 lbs; 1.4 kgSIZE:11.8 x 5.1 x 2 in. 30 x 13 x 5 cm. Cookery Method: M-Moist Heat

21 17. Beef Chuck Under Blade Steak Boneless Same muscle structure as under blade pot-roast boneless but cut thinner, usually less than 1 ½ inches. WT:1.3 lbs; 0.6 kgSIZE:10.6 x 5.1 x 1 in. 27 x 13 x 2.4 cm. Cookery Method: D/M-Dry or Moist Heat

22 18. Beef Chuck Mock Tender Naturally boneless cut consisting of a single tapering muscle with little fat covering, taken from above blade bone. WT:1.1 lbs; 0.5 kgSIZE:7.1 x 3.7 x 2 in. 18 x 9.5 x 5 cm. Cookery Method: M-Moist Heat

23 19. Beef Chuck Top Blade Roast Boneless Triangular shaped cut taken from above blade bone. Naturally boneless with large amount of connective tissue. WT:3.3 lbs; 1.5 kgSIZE:12.6 x 5.9 x 2 in. 32 x 15 x 5 cm. Cookery Method: M-Moist Heat

24 20. Beef Chuck Top Blade Steak Boneless or “Flat Iron” Steak Same muscle structure as top blade roast boneless but cut into thin slices. Steaks are oval-shaped with little fat covering. WT:0.5 lbs; 0.2 kg.SIZE:7.3 x 2 x.9 in x 5 x 2.2 cm. Cookery Method: D/M-Dry or Moist Heat

25 21. Beef Chuck Eye Roast Boneless Contains meaty inside muscles of blade chuck, some seam fat, and thin fat cover, if any. WT:3.2 lbs; 1.5 kg.SIZE:3.9 x 6.1 x 3.5 in. 10 x 15.5 x 9 cm. Cookery Method: M-Moist Heat

26 22. Beef Chuck Eye Steak Boneless Same muscle structure as eye roast boneless but cut into slices. WT:1.3 lbs; 0.6 kg.SIZE:7.9 x 4.7 x 1 in. 20 x 12 x 2.4 cm. Cookery Method: D/M-Dry or Moist Heat

27 23. Beef Shank Cross Cuts Cut from hindshank or foreshank, perpendicular to bone and 1 to 2 ½ inches thick. WT:1.4 lbs; 0.6 kgSIZE:4.9 x 3.5 x 1.2 in x 9 x 3 cm. Cookery Method: D/M-Dry or Moist Heat

28 24. Beef Brisket Boneless Boneless cut from breast section containing layers of lean and fat. May be cured in salt brine (pickled) to make corned beef brisket. WT:3.8 lbs; 1.7 kg.SIZE:10.6 x 7.9 x 1.8 in. 27 x 20 x 4.5 cm. Cookery Method: M-Moist Heat

29 25. Beef Plate Skirt Steak Boneless “Skirt” is inner diaphragm muscle. May also be rolled into pinwheels about ¾ to 1 inch thick. WT:0.6 lbs; 0.3 kg.SIZE:9 x 2.4 x 0.6 in. 23 x 6 x 1.5 cm. Cookery Method: D/M-Dry or Moist Heat

30 26. Beef Flank Steak Boneless flat oval cut containing elongated muscle fibers and very little fat. Surface may be scored. WT:1.1 lbs; 0.5 kg.SIZE:7.9 x 5.5 x 0.6 in. 20 x 14 x 1.5 cm. Cookery Method: D/M-Dry or Moist Heat

31 27. Beef Flank Steak Rolls Flank steak is rolled, secured with ties or skewers, and cut crosswise into ¾ to 1 inch slices. WT:0.1 lb ea; 0.05 kg. ea.SIZE:2 x 2 x 2 in. ea. 5 x 5 x 2.5 cm. ea. Cookery Method: D/M-Dry or Moist Heat

32 28. Beef Rib Roast Large End Contains 2 to 4 ribs, rib eye muscle, cap muscle and seam fat separating the muscles. Cut from large end of primal rib. WT:6.9 lbs; 3.1 kg.SIZE:8.3 x 6.7 x 3.5 in. 21 x 17 x 9 cm. Cookery Method: D/M-Dry or Moist Heat

33 29. Beef Rib Roast Small End Contains large rib eye muscle and 2 or more ribs. Cut from small end of primal rib. WT:5.3 lbs; 2.4 kg.SIZE:8.3 x 3.9 x 4.3 in. 21 x 10 x 11 cm. Cookery Method: D/M-Dry or Moist Heat

34 30. Beef Rib Steak Small End Same as rib roast small end but cut usually 1 inch thick or less. WT:1.0 lbs; 0.5 kg.SIZE:8.1 x 4.3 x 1 in x 11 x 2.5 cm. Cookery Method: D-Dry Heat

35 31. Beef Rib Steak Small End Boneless Same as rib steak small end with rib bone removed. WT:0.6 lb; 0.3 kg.SIZE:7.9 x 3.3 x 1 in. 20 x 8.5 x 2.5 cm. Cookery Method: D-Dry Heat

36 32. Beef Rib Eye Roast Large center muscle of beef rib (rib eye). All other muscles, bones and seam fat removed. WT:2.8 lbs; 1.3 kg.SIZE:6.5 x 3.9 x 3.5 in x 10 x 9 cm. Cookery Method: D/M-Dry or Moist Heat

37 33. Beef Rib Eye Steak Cut from rib eye roast across grain. Little or no fat cover. WT:0.9 lb; 0.4 kg.SIZE:5.9 x 3.9 x 1.2 in. 15 x 10 x 3 cm. Cookery Method: D-Dry Heat

38 34. Beef Loin Top Loin Steak Contains top loin muscle and backbone running length of cut. Tenderloin has been removed. Outside fat covering. WT:0.8 lb; 0.4 kg.SIZE:6.3 x 3.5 x 1.2 in. 16 x 9 x 3 cm. Cookery Method: D-Dry Heat

39 35. Beef Loin Top Loin Steak Boneless Same as top loin steak with backbone removed. WT:0.6 lb; 0.3 kg.SIZE:6.3 x 3 x 1.2 in. 16 x 7.5 x 3 cm. Cookery Method: D-Dry Heat

40 36. Beef Loin T-Bone Steak Derives name from T-shape of finger bone and backbone. Contains top loin and tenderloin muscles. Tenderloin is smaller in the T-bone than in the Porterhouse. 1 WT:1.1 lbs; 0.5 kg.SIZE:6.3 x 5.3 x 1.2 in. 16 x 13.5 x 3 cm. 1 Diameter of tenderloin no less than ½ inch when measured across center of tenderloin. Cookery Method: D-Dry Heat

41 37. Beef Loin Porterhouse Steak Contains the top loin, tenderloin muscles, backbone and finger bone. Similar to T-Bone Steak but the tenderloin is larger. 2 WT:1.3 lbs; 0.6 kg.SIZE:6.7 x 5.7 x 1.2 in. 17 x 14.5 x 3 cm. 2 Diameter of tenderloin no less than 1 ¼ inches when measured across center of tenderloin. Cookery Method: D-Dry Heat

42 38. Beef Loin Wedge Bone Sirloin Steak* Contains portion of backbone, hip bone and varies in bone and muscle structure depending on its location in sirloin section of loin. The hip bone resembles shape of a wedge. WT:2.5 lbs; 1.1 kg.SIZE:11 x 6.3 x 1.2 in. 28 x 16 x 3 cm. *May be referred to as Beef Loin, Sirloin Steak. Cookery Method: D-Dry Heat

43 39. Beef Loin Round Bone Sirloin Steak* Contains portion of backbone, hip bone and varies in bone and muscle structure. Largest muscles include top sirloin and tenderloin, interspersed with fat. The hip bone shape resembles the round bone. WT:2.5 lbs; 1.1 kg.SIZE:10.2 x 6.7 x 1.2 in. 26 x 17 x 3 cm. * May be referred to as Beef Loin, Sirloin Steak. Cookery Method: D-Dry Heat

44 40. Beef Loin Flat Bone Sirloin Steak* Contains top sirloin and tenderloin muscles. The hip bone shape is long and flat. WT:2.2 lbs; 1.0 kg.SIZE:10.2 x 6.3 x 1.2 in. 26 x 16 x 3 cm. * May be referred to as Beef Loin, Sirloin Steak. Cookery Method: D-Dry Heat

45 41. Beef Loin Pine Bone Sirloin Steak* Contains top sirloin and tenderloin muscles. Also includes backbone and portion of hip bone which will vary in size. WT:2.2 lbs; 1.0 kg.SIZE:10.6 x in. 27 x 15.5 x 3.5 cm. * May be referred to as Beef Loin, Sirloin Steak. Cookery Method: D-Dry Heat

46 42. Beef Loin Shell Sirloin Steak Similar to other sirloin steaks but tenderloin muscle has been removed. WT:2.2 lbs; 1.0 kgSIZE:11 x 6.3 x 1.2 in. 28 x 16 x 3 cm. Cookery Method: D-Dry Heat

47 43. Beef Loin Sirloin Steak Boneless Same as sirloin steak with bones removed. Muscle structure will vary. WT:2.3 lbs; 1.0 kg.SIZE:10.2 x 6.5 x 1.2 in. 26 x 16.5 x 3 cm. Cookery Method: D-Dry Heat

48 44. Beef Loin Top Sirloin Steak Boneless Sirloin steak with bones and tenderloin removed. WT:1.4 lbs; 0.6 kg.SIZE:4.1 x 9.3 x 1.2 in x 23.5 x 3 cm. Cookery Method: D-Dry Heat

49 45. Beef Loin Tenderloin Roast Cut from the tenderloin muscle. Elongated with rounded large end gradually tapering to thin, flat end. Bone long with little if any fat covering. Very Tender. WT:2.4 lbs; 1.1 kg.SIZE:9.4 x 3.9 x 1.8 in. 24 x 10 x 4.5 cm. Cookery Method: M-Moist Heat

50 46. Beef Loin Tenderloin Steak Cut from tenderloin roast across grain. Probably most tender steak in carcass. WT:0.4 lb; 0.2 kg.SIZE:3.9 x 2.4 x 1.4 in. 10 x 6 x 3.5 cm. Cookery Method: D-Dry Heat

51 47. Beef Round Steak Lean, oval-shaped cut containing round bone, three major muscles. Muscles in order of size are top, bottom and eye of round. Thin fat covering on outer edges. WT:3.3 lbs; 1.5 kg.SIZE:10.2 x 8.7 x 0.9 in. 26 x 22 x 2.4 cm. Cookery Method: D/M-Dry or Moist Heat

52 48. Beef Round Rump Roast Contains aitch bone and three major round muscles: top round, eye round and bottom round. Fat covering on outer surface. WT:10.8 lbs; 4.9 kg.SIZE:8.7 x 7.5 x 6.1 in. 22 x 19 x 15.5 cm. Cookery Method: M-Moist Heat

53 49. Beef Round Rump Roast Boneless Same as rump roast with bone removed. Usually tied. WT:5.6lbs; 2.5 kg.SIZE:10.2 x 5.5 x 4.3 in. 26 x 14 x 11 cm. Cookery Method: M-Moist Heat

54 50. Beef Round Heel of Round Boneless, wedge-shaped cut containing top, bottom and eye round muscles. Least tender cut of round with considerable connective tissue. WT:5.0 lbs; 2.3 kg.SIZE:7.5 x 9.4 x 4.9 in. 19 x 24 x 12.5 cm. Cookery Method: M-Moist Heat

55 51. Beef Round Top Round Roast Contains inside top muscle of round. Boneless with small amount of fat on outer surface. WT:4.4 lbs; 2.0 kg.SIZE:7.9 x 7.9 x 3.9 in. 20 x 20 x 10 cm. Cookery Method: M-Moist Heat

56 52. Beef Round Top Round Steak Same muscle structure as top round roast but cut thinner. WT:1.5 lbs; 0.7 kg.SIZE:9.8 x 3.9 x 0.9 in. 25 x 10 x 2.4 cm. Cookery Method: D/M-Dry or Moist Heat

57 53. Beef Round Bottom Rump Round Roast (Steaks are called “Western Griller” Steaks) Irregular-shaped, thick cut from outside (or bottom) of round. Comes from sirloin end of bottom round. Slight fat covering. WT:5.4 lbs; 2.5 kg.SIZE:8.7 x 9.4 x 3.9 in. 22 x 24 x 10 cm. Cookery Method: M-Moist Heat

58 54. Beef Round Eye Round Roast Cut from eye round muscle which has been removed from bottom round. Elongated, naturally boneless with slight fat covering. WT:4.1 lbs; 1.9 kg.SIZE:10.2 x 4.3 x 4.3 in. 26 x 11 x 11 cm. Cookery Method: M-Moist Heat

59 55. Beef Round Tip Roast (may be called Sirloin Tip) Wedge-shaped cut from thin side of round. Contains cap muscle of sirloin. WT:8.6 lbs; 3.9 kg.SIZE:10.2 x 7.1 x 6.7 in. 26 x 18 x 17 cm. Cookery Method: M-Moist Heat

60 56. Beef Round Tip Roast Cap Off (may be called Sirloin Tip) Same as tip roast with bone, cap muscle and thin layer of outer fat removed. Compact and easy to carve. WT:6.8 lbs; 3.1 kg.SIZE:8.3 x 5.9 x 4.7 in. 21 x 15 x 12 cm. Cookery Method: M-Moist Heat

61 57. Beef Round Cubes For Kabobs Lean pieces of round cut into cubes. Usually taken from most meaty muscles such as tip. WT:.06 lb. ea; 0.03 kg. ea.SIZE:1.6 x 1.2 x 0.8 in. ea. 4 x 3 x 2 cm. ea. Cookery Method: D-Dry Heat

62 58. Beef For Stew Lean cubes usually derived from chuck, brisket, rib and round. WT:1.1 lbs; 0.5 kg.SIZE:1.2 x 1.2 x 1.2 in. ea. 3 x 3 x 3 cm. ea. Cookery Method: M-Moist Heat

63 59. Beef Cubed Steak Square or rectangular-shaped with cubed effect made by machine that tenderizes mechanically. May be made from muscles from several primal cuts. WT:0.3 lb; 0.1 kg.SIZE:5.5 x 4.3 x 0.6 in. 14 x 11 x 1.5 cm. Cookery Method: D/M-Dry or Moist Heat

64 60. Ground Beef Made generally from lean meat and trimmings from round, chuck, loin, flank, neck or shank, ground mechanically. Sold according to percentage of lean in relationship to fat. WT:1.8 lbs; 0.8 kg.SIZE:8.3 x 4.3 x 2.2 in. 21 x 11 x 5.5 cm. Cookery Method: D/M-Dry or Moist Heat

65 PORK Source: Original slide set published by the former National Live Stock Meat Board; 36 South Wabash Avenue; Chicago, Illinois Converted to PPT 1/09 from AV slide set S0A

66 61. Pork Shoulder Arm Picnic Contains arm bone, shank bone and portion of blade bone. Shoulder muscles interspersed with fat. Shank and part of lower area covered with skin. WT:8.4 lbs; 3.8 kg.SIZE:12.2 x 7.9 x 4.3 in. 31 x 20 x 11 cm. Cookery Method: M-Moist Heat

67 62. Pork Shoulder Arm Roast Cut from arm picnic. Shank removed leaving round arm bone and meaty part of arm picnic. Outside covered with thin fat layer. WT:3.6 lbs; 1.6 kg.SIZE:7.1 x 4.7 x 3.1 in. 18 x 12 x 8 cm. Cookery Method: M-Moist Heat

68 63. Pork Shoulder Arm Steak Same muscle and bone structure as arm picnic but cut thinner. WT:0.8 lb; 0.4 kg.SIZE:6.7 x 3.9 x 0.8 in. 17 x 10 x 2 cm. Cookery Method: D/M-Dry or Moist Heat

69 64. Pork Shoulder Blade Boston Roast Top portion of whole shoulder. Contains blade bone, exposed on two sides, some inter-muscular fat. WT:6.0 lbs; 2.7 kg.SIZE:7.9 x 7.1 x 3.3 in. 20 x 18 x 8.5 cm. Cookery Method: M-Moist Heat

70 65. Pork Shoulder Blade Boston Roast Boneless Same as shoulder blade Boston roast with blade bone removed. Usually tied with string or placed inside elastic netting. WT:6.1 lbs; 2.8 kg.SIZE:8.7 x 5.9 x 4.1 in. 22 x 15 x 10.5 cm. Cookery Method: M-Moist Heat

71 66. Pork Shoulder Blade Steak Cut from blade Boston roast. Contains blade bone, several muscles. WT:0.6 lb; 0.3 kg.SIZE:6.9 x 3.3 x 1 in x 8.5 x 2.5 cm. Cookery Method: D/M-Dry or Moist Heat

72 67. Pork Cubed Steak Square or rectangular-shaped with cubed effect made by machine that tenderizes mechanically. May be made from muscles from several primal cuts. WT:0.1 lb; 0.05 kg.SIZE:5.1 x 3.1 x 0.4 in. 13 x 8 x 1 cm. Cookery Method: D/M-Dry or Moist Heat

73 68. Pork Cubes For Kabobs Boneless lean pork cut into cubes. WT:0.1 lb ea.; 0.05 kg. ea.SIZE:1.6 x 1.2 x 1 in. ea. 4 x 3 x 2.5 cm. ea. Cookery Method: D-Dry Heat

74 69. Pork Loin Blade Roast Contains part of blade bone, rib bones and backbone. Large loin eye muscle is surrounded by several smaller muscles. WT:4.6 lbs; 2.1 kg.SIZE:7.1 x 7.1 x 4.7 in. 18 x 18 x 12 cm. Cookery Method: M-Moist Heat

75 70. Pork Loin Blade Chops Cut from blade end of loin. Contain same muscle and bone structure as blade roast. WT:.0 7 lb. ea.; 0.3 kg. ea.SIZE:5.9 x 4.5 x 1 in. ea. 15 x 11.5 x 2.5 cm. ea. Cookery Method: D/M-Dry or Moist Heat

76 71. Pork Loin Country Style Ribs Made by splitting blade of loin into halves lengthwise. Contain part of loin eye muscle and either rib bones or backbones. WT:2.0 lbs; 0.9 kg.SIZE:5.9 x 5.5 x 2.4 in. 15 x 14 x 6 cm. Cookery Method: D-Dry Heat

77 72. Pork Loin Back Ribs Cut from blade and center section of loin. Contain rib bones. Meat between ribs is called finger meat. Layer of meat covering ribs comes from the loin eye muscle. WT:1.0 lb; 0.5 kg.SIZE:9.9 x 3.9 x 1.2 in. 25 x 10 x 3 cm. Cookery Method: D-Dry Heat

78 73. Pork Loin Center Rib Roast Cut from center rib area of loin. Contains loin eye muscle and rib bones. WT:4.4 lbs; 2.0 kg.SIZE:9.9 x 3.9 x 3.9 in. 25 x 10 x 10 cm. Cookery Method: M-Moist Heat

79 74. Pork Loin Rib Chops Contain loin eye muscle and backbone. Rib bone may be present depending on thickness. Fat covering on outside edge. WT:0.6 lb. ea; 0.3 kg. eaSIZE:4.7 x 2.8 x 1.2 in. ea. 12 x 7 x 3 cm. ea. Cookery Method: D/M-Dry or Moist Heat

80 75. Pork Loin Center Loin Roast Cut from center of loin. Contains rib eye and tenderloin muscles, rib bones, and T-shaped bones. Thin fat covering. WT:4.2 lbs; 1.9 kg.SIZE:9.4 x 4.5 x 3.5 in. 24 x 11.5 x 9 cm. Cookery Method: M-Moist Heat

81 76. Pork Loin Top Loin Chops Contains top loin muscles and backbone running length of cut. Tenderloin has been removed. Outside fat covering. WT:0.4 lb ea; 0.2 kg. ea.SIZE:4.9 x 2.6 x 1 in. ea x 6.5 x 2.5 cm. ea. Cookery Method: D/M-Dry or Moist Heat

82 77. Pork Loin Butterfly Chops Double chop about two inches thick from a boneless loin eye muscle sliced almost in half to form two sides resembling butterfly in shape. WT:0.5 lb. ea.; 0.2 kg. ea.SIZE:4.3 x 4.3 x 1 in. ea. 11 x 11 x 2.5 cm. ea. Cookery Method: D/M-Dry or Moist Heat

83 78. Pork Loin Top Loin Roast Boneless (Double) Two boneless pork loins reversed and tied together with fat side out to produce boneless roast. WT:4.9 lbs; 2.2 kg.SIZE:9.0 x 3.9 x 3.5 in. 23 x 10 x 9 cm. Cookery Method: M-Moist Heat

84 79. Pork Loin Chops Cut from sirloin end of loin. Eye muscle and tenderloin divided by T-shaped finger bone. Also contain backbone. WT:0.4 lb. ea.; 0.2 kg. ea.SIZE:3.9 x 3.7 x 1 in. ea. 10 x 9.5 x 2.5 cm. ea. Cookery Method: D/M-Dry or Moist Heat

85 80. Pork Loin Sirloin Roast Contains hip bone, and backbone. Largest muscle is eye of loin, separated from smaller tenderloin muscles by finger bones. WT:5.6 lbs; 2.5 kg.SIZE:9.4 x 4.1 x 3.7 in. 24 x 10.5 x 9.5 cm. Cookery Method: M-Moist Heat

86 81. Pork Loin Sirloin Chops Cut from sirloin end of loin. Same muscle and bone structure as sirloin roast. WT:0.8 lb. ea.; 0.4 kg. ea.SIZE:5.9 x 4.1 x 1 in. ea. 15 x 10.5 x 2.5 cm. ea. Cookery Method: D/M-Dry or Moist Heat

87 82. Pork Loin Sirloin Cutlets Boneless slices cut from sirloin end of loin after tenderloin, hip bone and backbone have been removed. WT:0.3 lb. ea.; 0.1 kg. ea.SIZE:6.3 x 2.4 x 0.8 in. ea. 16 x 6 x 2 cm. ea. Cookery Method: D/M-Dry or Moist Heat

88 83. Pork Loin Tenderloin Whole Boneless cut taken from inside of loin. Largest end is round in shape and gradually tapers to the thin flat end. Very tender. WT:0.8 lb; 0.4 kg.SIZE:10.2 x 2.8 x 1.8 in. 26 x 7 x 4.5 cm. Cookery Method: M-Moist Heat

89 84. Pork Spareribs Cut from side of pork. Contain long rib bones with thin covering of meat on outside and between ribs. May contain rib cartilage. WT:2.0 lbs; 0.9 kg.SIZE:17.8 x 6.3 x 0.8 in. 45 x 16 x 2 cm. Cookery Method: D-Dry Heat

90 85. Pork Leg (Fresh Ham) Whole Hind leg bone-in. Usually covered with skin and fat about half-way up the leg. WT:15.0 lbs; 6.8 kg.SIZE:14.6 x 9.1 x 3.9 in. 37 x 23 x 10 cm. Cookery Method: M-Moist Heat

91 86. Pork Leg (Fresh Ham) Roast Boneless Same as leg (fresh ham) whole with all bones and skin removed. May be tied or placed in elastic netting. WT:9.1 lbs; 4.1 kg.SIZE:10.2 x 6.3 x 5.1 in. 26 x 16 x 13 cm. Cookery Method: M-Moist Heat

92 87. Pork Leg (Fresh Ham) Shank Portion Lower portion of leg. Contains shank bone and part of femur bone. Skin covers shank and small portion of outside muscle. WT:8.5 lbs; 3.9 kg.SIZE:10.2 x 9.8 x 5.5 in. 26 x 25 x 14 cm. Cookery Method: M-Moist Heat

93 88. Smoked Pork Shoulder Picnic Whole Same muscle and bone structure as fresh arm picnic (No. 61). Has been cured and smoked. WT:6.8 lbs; 3.1 kg.SIZE:10.2 x 5.9 x 4.3 in. 26 x 15 x 11 cm. Cookery Method: M-Moist Heat

94 89. Smoked Pork Shoulder Roll Cured and smoked meaty boneless eye of blade Boston shoulder. WT:2.8 lbs; 1.3 kg.SIZE:7.9 x 4.7 x 3.1 in. 20 x 12 x 8 cm. Cookery Method: M-Moist Heat

95 90. Smoked Pork Hocks Contain two round shank bones exposed at both ends. Oval- shaped, 2 to 3 inches thick. Have been cured and smoked. WT:0.8 lb. ea.; 0.4 kg. ea.SIZE:3.0 x 4.1 x 2.6 in. ea. 7.5 x 10.5 x 6.5 cm. ea. Cookery Method: M-Moist Heat

96 91. Smoked Pork Loin Canadian Style Bacon Made from boneless pork loin that has been cured and smoked. Single elongated muscle with little fat. WT:1.5 lbs; 0.7 kg.SIZE:5.5 x 2.8 x 2.8 in. 14 x 7 x 7 xcm. Cookery Method: D/M-Dry or Moist Heat

97 92. Smoked Pork Loin Rib Chops Same muscle and bone structure as fresh rib chops. Have been cured and smoked. WT:0.5 lb. ea.; 0.2 kg. ea.SIZE:4.7 x 3.0 x 1 in. ea. 12 x 7.5 x 2.5 cm. ea. Cookery Method: D-Dry Heat

98 93. Smoked Pork Loin Chops Same muscle and bone structure as fresh loin chops. Have been cured and smoked. WT:0.6 lb. ea.; 0.3 kg. ea.SIZE:4.7 x 3.5 x 1 in. ea. 12 x 9 x 2.5 cm. ea. Cookery Method: D-Dry Heat

99 94. Smoked Ham Whole Same muscle and bone structure as fresh leg. Has been cured and smoked. WT:17.4 lbs; 7.9 kg.SIZE:13.4 x 9.8 x 7.1 in. 34 x 25 x 18 cm. Cookery Method: M-Moist Heat

100 95. Smoked Ham Shank Portion Same muscle and bone structure as fresh shank portion. Has been cured and smoked. WT:10.7 lbs; 4.9 kg.SIZE:9.1 x 10.2 x 6.3 in. 23 x 26 x 16 cm. Cookery Method: M-Moist Heat

101 96. Smoked Ham Rump Portion Portion of cured and smoked ham that contains aitch bone and part of leg bone. Thin fat cover on outer surface. WT:6.4 lbs; 2.9 kg.SIZE:10.2 x 6.3 x 5.9 in. 26 x 16 x 15 cm. Cookery Method: M-Moist Heat

102 97. Smoked Ham Center Slices Cut from center portion of cured and smoked ham. Contain top, bottom and tip muscles and round bone. WT:1.6 lbs; 0.7 kg.SIZE:10.2 x 6.5 x 0.8 in. 26 x 16.5 x 2 cm. Cookery Method: D-Dry Heat

103 98. Slab Bacon Side of pork which as been cured and smoked. Contains streaks of lean and fat on one side; other side may be covered with skin. WT:5.8 lbs; 2.6 kg.SIZE:9.4 x 7.9 x 2 in. 24 x 20 x 5 cm. Cookery Method: D/M-Dry or Moist Heat

104 99 Sliced Bacon Sliced from slab bacon. May be shingled. Outer skin removed. WT:1.0 lb; 0.5 kg.SIZE:9.1 x 5.9 x 0.6 in. 23 x 15 x 1.5 cm. Cookery Method: D/M-Dry or Moist Heat

105 100. Sausage Links Made from ground fresh pork and seasonings such as salt, pepper and sage. Stuffed in casings shaped into links. WT:0.5 lb; 0.2 kg.SIZE:9.9 x 0.8 x 0.8 in. ea. 10 x 2 x 2 cm. ea. Cookery Method: D-Dry Heat

106 VEAL Source: Original slide set published by the former National Live Stock Meat Board; 36 South Wabash Avenue; Chicago, Illinois Converted to PPT 1/09 from AV slide set S0A Note: Veal is not usually studied in preparation for the 4-H Meat Identification Contest, so the cooking methods are not noted. Slides (images ) are for information only.

107 101. Veal Shoulder Arm Roast Shoulder cut containing arm bone, rib bones on underneath side; cross sections of bones exposed on face sides. Muscles include shoulder, fore arm, and thin layer of lean meat from the brisket. WT:2.8 lbs; 1.3 kg.SIZE:9.8 x 3.9 x 3.5 in. 25 x 10 x 9 cm.

108 102. Veal Shoulder Arm Steak Same structure as arm roast but is cut thinner. Cross sections of arm and rib bones exposed. Muscles include shoulder, fore arm and thin layer of lean brisket. WT:0.9 lb; 0.4 kg.SIZE:7.9 x 3.9 x 0.8 in. 20 x 10 x 2 cm.

109 103. Veal Shoulder Blade Roast Contains blade bone exposed on cut surface, ribs and backbone on underneath side. Muscles include inside chuck, top blade and chuck tender. WT:2.0 lbs; 0.9 kg.SIZE:7.5 x 3.5 x 3.5 in. 19 x 9 x 9 cm.

110 104. Veal Shoulder Blade Steak Same structure as blade roast except for thickness. Contains blade bone, backbone, and, depending on thickness, a rib bone. WT:0.9 lb; 0.4 kg.SIZE:9.0 x 3.9 x 0.8 in. 23 x 10 x 2 cm.

111 105. Veal for Stew Meaty pieces cut 1 to 2 inches square. May be cut from shoulder, shank or round. WT:0.9 lb; 0.4 kg.SIZE:1.6 x 1.2 x 1.2 in. 4 x 3 x 3 cm.

112 106. Veal Rib Chops Contain featherbone, part of chine, and, depending on thickness, the rib bone. Largest muscle is the rib eye. WT:0.4 lb. ea.; 0.2 kg. ea.SIZE:4.7 x 3.1 x 1 in. ea. 12 x 8 x 2.5 cm. ea.

113 107. Veal Loin Roast Contains top loin and tenderloin muscles, backbone and T-shaped fingerbone. WT:2.4 lbs; 1.1 kg.SIZE:7.5 x 4.3 x 3.5 in. 19 x 11 x 9 cm.

114 108. Veal Loin Chops Contains backbone and fingerbone. Muscles include the top loin and tenderloin. Tenderloin differentiates this chop from rib chop, gets smaller as chops near rib. WT:0.4 lb. ea.; 0.2 kg. ea.SIZE:3.9 x 3.5 x 0.8 in. ea. 10 x 9 x 2 cm. ea.

115 109. Veal Loin Top Loin Chops Same as loin chop with tenderloin removed. WT:0.4 lb. ea.; 0.2 kg. ea.SIZE:6.3 x 2.8 x 1 in. ea. 16 x 7 x 2.5 cm. ea.

116 110. Veal Leg Sirloin Roast Contains portion of hip bone and backbone and variety of muscles. WT:5.4 lbs; 2.5 kg.SIZE:11.4 x 5.5 x 3.9 in. 29 x 14 x 10 cm.

117 111. Veal Leg Sirloin Steak Contains portion of backbone and hip bone. Size and shape of the muscles and bones varies with each steak. WT:1.1. lbs; 0.5 kg.SIZE:11.0 x 4.3 x 0.8 in. 28 x 11 x 2 cm.

118 112. Veal Leg Round Roast Cone-shaped with round leg bone exposed. Contains top, bottom and eye muscles. WT:7.4 lbs; 3.4 kg.SIZE:13.0 x 4.7 x 4.7 in. 33 x 12 x 12 cm.

119 113. Veal Leg Round Steak Cut from center of leg and contains top, bottom and eye muscles and cross section of leg bone. Has a thin outer covering of fat and skin. WT:1.8 lbs; 0.8 kg.SIZE:11.0 x 5.5 x 0.8 in. 28 x 14 x 2 cm.

120 114. Veal Cutlets Thin, boneless slices from the leg. WT:0.2 lb. ea.; 0.09 kg. ea.SIZE:5.9 x 2.8 x 0.4 in. ea. 15 x 7 x 1 cm. ea.

121 115. Ground Veal Lean meat and trimmings mechanically ground. Sold in bulk or patty form. WT:1.4 lbs; 0.6 kg.SIZE:6.7 x 4.3 x 2 in. 17 x 11 x 5 cm.

122 LAMB Source: Original slide set published by the former National Live Stock Meat Board; 36 South Wabash Avenue; Chicago, Illinois Converted to PPT 1/09 from AV slide set S0A

123 116. Lamb Shoulder Square Cut Whole Square-shaped cut containing arm, blade and rib bones. Outside cover is thin paper-like fell. WT:6.8 lbs; 3.1 kg.SIZE:8.3 x 8.7 x 3.9 in. 21 x 22 x 10 cm. Cookery Method: M-Moist Heat

124 117. Lamb Shoulder Blade Chops Chops from blade portion of shoulder. Contain part of blade bone and backbone. WT:0.6 lb. ea.; 0.3 kg. ea.SIZE:5.1 x 4.1 x 1 in. ea. 13 x 10.5 x 2.5 cm. ea. Cookery Method: D/M-Dry or Moist Heat

125 118. Lamb Shoulder Arm Chops Cut from arm portion of shoulder. Contain cross section of round arm bone and rib bones. WT:0.6 lb. ea.; 0.3 kg. ea.SIZE:6.3 x 3.3 x 0.8 in. ea. 16 x 8.5 x 2 cm. ea. Cookery Method: D/M-Dry or Moist Heat

126 119. Lamb Shank Cut from the arm of the shoulder. Contains leg bone and part of round shoulder bone. Covered by thin layer of fat and fell. WT:0.9 lb. 0.4 kg.SIZE:7.5 x 2.8 x 2 in. 19 x 7 x 5 cm. Cookery Method: M-Moist Heat

127 120. Lamb Rib Roast Contains rib bones, backbone and thick, meaty rib eye muscle. Usually, fell is removed. WT:2.2 lbs; 1.0 kg.SIZE:7.5 x 2.4 x 4.3 in. 19 x 6 x 11 cm. Cookery Method: D/M-Dry or Moist Heat

128 121. Lamb Rib Chops Contain the backbone and depending on thickness, a rib bone. Meaty area is the rib eye muscle. Outer surface covered by fat with the fell removed. WT:0.2 lb. ea.; 0.1 kg. ea.SIZE:3.5 x 2.2 x 1 in. ea. 9 x 5.5 x 2.5 cm. ea. Cookery Method: D-Dry Heat

129 122. Lamb Loin Chops Contain part of backbone. Muscles include the eye of the loin (separated from the tenderloin by T-shaped finger bones) and the flank. Kidney fat on top of tenderloin and outer surface covered with fat; fell removed. WT:0.3 lb. ea; 0.1 kg. ea.SIZE:3.5 x 2.8 x 1 in. ea. 9 x 7 x 2.5 cm. ea. Cookery Method: D-Dry Heat

130 123. Lamb Leg Sirloin Chops Cut from sirloin section of the leg. Contain backbone and part of hip bone, which varies in shape with each chop. Muscles include top sirloin, tenderloin and flank. Fat on outside, fell removed. WT:0.4 lb. ea.; 0.2 kg. ea.SIZE:6.7 x 3.0 x 1 in. ea. 17 x 7.5 x 2.5 cm. ea. Cookery Method: D-Dry Heat

131 124. Lamb Leg Whole Contains both sirloin section with hip bone and shank portion with round bone. Outside covered with fell. WT:9.3 lbs; 4.2 kg.SIZE:18.9 x 7.5 x 3.9 in. 48 x 19 x 10 cm. Cookery Method: M-Moist Heat

132 125. Lamb Leg Sirloin Half Is half of American or French leg with sirloin on. Contains hip bone, part of leg gone, part of backbone and finger bone. Is muscled by top sirloin, part of tenderloin, and parts of inside, outside and tip. WT:4.3 lbs; 2.0 kg.SIZE:7.9 x 5.1 x 3.9 in. 20 x 13 x 10 cm. Cookery Method: M-Moist Heat

133 126. Lamb Leg Center Slice Cut from center of leg. Contains round leg bone and top, bottom and tip muscles. WT:1.0 lb; 0.5 kg.SIZE:8.3 x 4.3 x 1 in. 21 x 11 x 2.5 cm. Cookery Method: D/M-Dry or Moist Heat

134 127. Lamb Leg Frenched Style Roast Sirloin section of whole leg removed. Small amount of meat trimmed to expose 1 inch or more of shank bone. WT:6.9 lbs; 3.1 kg.SIZE:14.6 x 7.1 x 3.9 in. 37 x 18 x 10 cm. Cookery Method: M-Moist Heat

135 128. Lamb Leg American Style Roast Sirloin section of whole leg removed. Contains same muscles and bones as Frenched style leg except shank bone removed, meat folded back into pocket on inside of leg, and fastened with skewers. WT:5.8 lbs; 2.6 kg.SIZE:7.5 x 7.5 x 3.9 in. 19 x 19 x 10 cm. Cookery Method: M-Moist Heat

136 129. Lamb For Stew Meaty pieces containing small amount of fat cut 1 to 2 inches square. WT:0.8 lb; 0.4 kg.SIZE:1.2 x 1.2 x 1 in. 3 x 3 x 2.5 cm. Cookery Method: M-Moist Heat

137 130. Ground Lamb Lean meat and trimmings from leg, loin, rib, shoulder, flank, neck, breast or shank mechanically ground. Sold in bulk or patties. WT:1.0 lb; 0.5 kg.SIZE:5.9 x 4.3 x 2 in. 15 x 11 x 5 cm. Cookery Method: D/M-Dry or Moist Heat

138 VARIETY MEATS Source: Original slide set published by the former National Live Stock Meat Board; 36 South Wabash Avenue; Chicago, Illinois Converted to PPT 1/09 from AV slide set S0A

139 131. Livers Pictured at top –BeefMiddle left - Veal Middle right- LambBottom – Pork Beef, lamb and veal livers have two lobes, one predominantly larger than the other. Pork liver has three lobes about the same size. Cookery Method: D/M-Dry or Moist Heat

140 132. Kidneys Top left in picture – Beef Top right – Veal Lower left – LambLower right – Pork Beef and veal kidneys are made up of numerous lobes. Pork kidney is larger than lamb kidney. Cookery Method: D/M-Dry or Moist Heat

141 133. Hearts In order of size they are: Beef, Veal, Pork and Lamb. All are basically shaped the same. They are generally sold cut or split. Beef heart has more fat exposed than the others. Cookery Method: D/M-Dry or Moist Heat

142 134. Tongues In order of size they are: Beef, Veal, Pork and Lamb. Rough membrane covers the muscles of the tongue including the base and is removed before serving. Sold fresh, cured, or cured and smoked. Cookery Method: D/M-Dry or Moist Heat

143 135. Brains All brains are of soft consistency and are covered with a thin membrane. Cookery Method: D/M-Dry or Moist Heat

144 136. Sweetbreads From stomach and thymus gland. Creamy white, soft consistency. Largest from young beef, smallest from lamb. Not found in mature beef. Cookery Method: D/M-Dry or Moist Heat

145 The End Source: Original slide set published by the former National Live Stock Meat Board; 36 South Wabash Avenue; Chicago, Illinois Converted to PPT 1/09 from AV slide set S0A


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