Presentation on theme: "Irony,Satire and Such “A taste for irony has kept more hearts from breaking than a sense of humor, for it takes irony to appreciate the joke which is on."— Presentation transcript:
Irony,Satire and Such “A taste for irony has kept more hearts from breaking than a sense of humor, for it takes irony to appreciate the joke which is on oneself.”-Jessamyn West “Parody is homage gone sour.”--Harry F. Waters “[Satire] is a pretty mocking of the life”- William Shakespeare
Three of a Kind There are three kinds of irony: Verbal Irony Situational Irony Dramatic Irony
Verbal Irony Verbal irony is the simplest kind of irony. It occurs when someone says one thing but means the opposite. The man who remarks “You sure can pick ‘em” to his friend whose team just lost. The woman who says “Fine day for a picnic” in the middle of a torrential rain. The kid who says, “Oh, perfect” when receiving an F on a test. When people recognize verbal irony, they often laugh in appreciation.
Situational Irony Situational irony is more important to a storyteller than other kinds, as it describes an occurance that is not just surprising; it is the opposite of what we expected. It seems to mock intentions and plans. A haughty rich man who comes begging tomorrow. The woman who dreads goings to a party and then meets her future husband there. Situational irony is often touching/moving…it can cause tears or laughter because we sense we are close to the truth of life.
Dramatic Irony Dramatic ironay occurs when we (the readers) know what is in store for a character but the character does not know. We know, but the hero does not, that the elevator cables she’s just entered have been cut. Little Red Riding Hood--in all her innocence, who knocks on her grandmother’s door, and receives the wolf instead. Dramatic irony is enjoyable because it mimics life, which is forever pulling surprises on us. Irony, of all kinds, is oddly satisfying…
Ironic Lyrics An old man turned ninety-eight He won the lottery and died the next day It's a black fly in your Chardonnay It's a death row pardon two minutes too late Isn't it ironic... don't you think Chorus It's like rain on your wedding day It's a free ride when you've already paid It's the good advice that you just didn't take Who would've thought... it figures Mr. Play It Safe was afraid to fly He packed his suitcase and kissed his kids good-bye He waited his whole damn life to take that flight And as the plane crashed down he thought 'Well isn't this nice...' And isn't it ironic... don't you think Repeat Chorus Well life has a funny way of sneaking up on you When you think everything's okay and everything's going right And life has a funny way of helping you out when You think everything's gone wrong and everything blows up In your face It's a traffic jam when you're already late It's a no-smoking sign on your cigarette break It's like ten thousand spoons when all you need is a knife It's meeting the man of my dreams And then meeting his beautiful wife And isn't it ironic... don't you think A little too ironic... and yeah I really do think... Repeat Chorus Life has a funny way of sneaking up on you Life has a funny, funny way of helping you out Helping you out
Practice TypeMeaning Verbal IronySaying one thing and meaning another Situational IronyWhat happens is the opposite of what’s expected Dramatic IronyWe know something a character does not know
Parody and Sarcasm Parody is funny. Period. End of story. It’s whole intent is laughter through mockery. Sarcasm can also be funny. The intent behind it, unlike parody, is to wound. Neither of parody or sarcasm have much… substance. Their humor is often forgotten as soon as the joke’s over.
Example of Parody We’ll start out with the real lyrics-- (not in their poetic form) Gangsta ’ s Paradise--Coolio As I walk through the valley of the shadow of death I take a look at my life And realize there's nothing left. 'Cause I've been blasting and laughing so long That even my momma thinks that my mind has gone. But I ain't never crossed a man that didn't deserve it. Me be treated like a punk, you know that's unheard of. You betta watch how ya talking And where ya walking Or you and your homies might be lined in chalk. I really hate to trip but I gotta lob, As they croak, I see myself in the pistol smoke. Fool, I'm the kinda g that little homie's wanna be like, On my knees in the night Saying prayers in the street light.[Chorus] Look at the situation, they got me facing, I can't live a normal life, I was raised by the state. So I gotta be down with the 'hood team, Too much television watching, got me chasing dreams. I'm an educated fool with money on my mind Got my ten in my hand and a gleam in my eye. I'm a locked out gangsta, set tripping banger And my homies are down so don't arouse my anger. Fool, death ain't nothing but a heart beat away, I'm living life do or die, what can I say? I'm twenty-three now, will I ever live to see twenty-four, The way things is going I don't know.
Satire Satire is a type of writing that ridicules human vices and folly to bring about social reform. It is often subtle althought it can be over-the- top and often uses mimicry, parody, sarcasm, and/or irony. Again, the goal is pointing out folly and creating social change…not just mockery.
Satire’s Goals Satire, unlike a lot of writing, has multiple audiences and multiple purposes/goals. AUDIENCEGOAL Object of Satire (those who think differently than satirist) Bring about change -through mockery- Supporters (those who agree with the satirist) Show superiority Fence-sitters Sway to satirist’s side
Parody, Sarcasm & Satire Though satire often uses parody and sarcasm to make a point, it does not have to. There is difference in them…. Parody neither aims to hurt nor instruct the object of its mockery. It is simply having a laugh. Sarcasm aims to wound and hurt, to poke fun of. Satire trusts the object of mockery to take the criticism and change. It finds value in the object/person and hopes for a good outcome.
Irony and Satire As with parody and sarcasm, satire can but doesn’t have to use irony. Irony, like malice, is attitude…it’s a literary device used in writing to create tone. Satire is not an attitude but a way of expressing oneself—A STYLE OR TYPE OF WRITING. It uses devices, like irony, to prove its point.
An Example of Satire One of the most famous satirists of all time is Jonathan Swift, whose A Modest Proposal argued that the poverty in Ireland could be solved by eating the babies of the poor. While he was not condoning cannibalism, he was trying to argue that the ruling class was so ineffectual in solving the problem that his suggestion might as well be considered, ridiculous as it was…
Now You Try The hard part is often coming up with a subject. 1.Think of something ridiculous a. Your parents b. Your teachers c. Stupid laws/rules d. Ridiculous expectations e. Stupid people (e.g. those who wanted to secede after the most recent elections) 2.What is ridiculous about the party to be satirized? 3.How can you show it?