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Nouns and Pronouns! Make sure you are ready to take good notes!!!

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Presentation on theme: "Nouns and Pronouns! Make sure you are ready to take good notes!!!"— Presentation transcript:

1 Nouns and Pronouns! Make sure you are ready to take good notes!!!

2 Nouns A noun is the name of a person, place, or thing. Nouns name things that can be seen and touched as well as those that can not be seen and touched.

3 Examples People Uncle Mike Janice friend girls President Smith Places Canada library garden city Waverly High Things Things you Can Ideas and Conditions and See and touch Actions Qualities worm trees justice rebellion joy illness store bicycles peace election beauty faith

4 Exercise A Write the two nouns in each group. Then label each pair as people, places, or things. 1. able, baby, musician 2. rabbit, really, chair 3. prison, mountainside, write 4. misery, rusty, success 5. only, forest, swamp

5 Exercise A; continued 6. sailor, tiny, explorer 7. tame, table, dog 8. destroy, dentist, mayor 9. rock, clever, pie 10. beach, pasture, foolish 11. carry, courage, freedom 12. lion, kindly, kite 13. conductor, woman, do

6 Exercise A; continued 14. grim, king, president 15. bedroom, school, rough 16. jolly, desk, thought 17. construction, pain, pretty 18. hunter, nurse, into 19. pelican, shouted, honor 20. pizza, library, ill

7 Compound Nouns A compound noun is a noun that is made up of more than one word. Compound nouns can be:  Separated - bubble bath, station wagon  Hyphenated - son-in- law, hand-me-down  Combined - shipwreck, handstand

8 Exercise B Read the paragraphs on the next slide and write down all the compound nouns you see.

9 As soon as she arrived at the airport, Jane became excited about her first flight alone. Once the ticket agent had given her a boarding pass, she kissed her parents, went on board, and fastened her seatbelt. Shortly after takeoff, the flight attendant brought her a soft drink. Later the passengers lunched on meatloaf, string beans, and fruit salad. Soon she heard the landing gear come down and returned her tray-table to its correct position. In a few minutes, she felt the gentle bump of touch-down. Inside the terminal, next to the runway, her grandmother and grandfather were waiting for her. A slight mix-up over her suitcase was soon solved. With the help of a porter, they carried the luggage to the station wagon. Jane couldn’t believe her luck as she watched the beautiful scenery along the freeway on the way into town.

10 As soon as she arrived at the airport, Jane became excited about her first flight alone. Once the ticket agent had given her a boarding pass, she kissed her parents, went on board, and fastened her seatbelt. Shortly after takeoff, the flight attendant brought her a soft drink. Later the passengers lunched on meatloaf, string beans, and fruit salad. Soon she heard the landing gear come down and returned her tray-table to its correct position. In a few minutes, she felt the gentle bump of touch-down. Inside the terminal, next to the runway, her grandmother and grandfather were waiting for her. A slight mix-up over her suitcase was soon solved. With the help of a porter, they carried the luggage to the station wagon. Jane couldn’t believe her luck as she watched the beautiful scenery along the freeway on the way into town.

11 Common Nouns A common noun names any one of a class of people, places, or things. Examples:  country  building  school  writer

12 Proper Nouns A proper noun names a specific person, place, or thing. Examples:  Kenya  White House  Waverly High School  Emily Dickinson  Orlando Bloom

13 Exercise C Write the proper noun in each group. Add the necessary capitalization. 1. town, village, smithville 2. black beauty, horse, pony 3. state, region, texas 4. river, nile, stream 5. landmark, memorial, washington monument

14 Exercise C; continued 6. whitman, poet, writer 7. french, people, language 8. dog, puppy, lassie 9. paris, capital, city 10. country, nation, italy

15 Exercise D Write sentences that fit the following criteria: 1. Write a sentence about sports that includes one proper noun and one compound noun. 2. Write a sentence about animals that includes two common nouns. 3. Write a sentence about an interesting place that includes one compound proper noun and one proper noun. 4. Write a sentence about your school that contains one compound proper noun and one proper noun. 5. Write a sentence about music that includes one compound proper noun and two common nouns.

16 STOP!!! Review the different types of nouns with a partner.

17 Pronouns Pronouns are words that stand for nouns or words that take the place of nouns. Pronouns have antecedents An antecedent is a noun for which a pronoun stands. In other words, antecedents are nouns that pronouns replace.

18 Examples Joe ate his whole pepperoni pizza! When Angie moved, she gave her cat to the neighbors. Caring for bees can be rewarding, but it requires a certain amount of bravery.

19 More Examples Because of its climate, Phoenix is my favorite city. All of my answers are correct.

20 Exercise A Write the antecedent of each underlined pronoun. 1. Some of the children are afraid of mice. 2. Andrea usually brings her lunch to school. 3. This is not the record I ordered. 4. The horse has broken out of its stall. 5. Frank asked his father to help build a fire. 6. The explorers loaded supplies into their boat. 7. The Smiths enjoyed themselves at the picnic. 8. Did Joe bring his camera? 9. The boat with the red sail is the one that won. 10. The twins ordered milkshakes with their lunches.

21 Personal Pronouns Personal pronouns refer to: 1.The person speaking 2.The person spoken to 3.The person, place, or thing spoken about.

22 Personal Pronoun SingularPlural First PersonI, me, my, minewe, us, our, ours Second Personyou, your, yours Third Person he, him, his, she, her, hers, it, its they, them, their, theirs

23 Exercise B Write each sentence underlining the two personal pronouns in each. Then draw a line from each personal pronoun to its antecedent. 1. Alice asked Henry if he had brought his bike. 2. Paul baked his parents a cake for their party. 3. The twins took their skis with them. 4. Jody put down her pencil when she was finished. 5. Dad helped the Grants select their new piano and move it into the house. 6. The fans rose to their feet when they realized the ball had gone over the fence.

24 Exercise B; continued 7. The movie doesn’t live up to its ads, but it does have an exciting ending. 8. Tracy enjoyed her trip and was sorry it was over. 9. Ned decided he would order cake since it looked so delicious. 10. Ellen helped her brother finish his algebra homework.

25 Pronouns with -self or -selves Pronouns that end with -self or -selves come in two categories:  Reflexive or  Intensive

26 Reflexive & Intensive Pronouns SingularPlural First Personmyselfourselves Second Personyourselfyourselves Third Person himself, herself, itself themselves

27 Reflexive vs. Intensive Reflexive Pronouns  Add information to the sentence by pointing back to a noun or pronoun earlier in the sentence.  Example: Joy helped herself to some pizza. Intensive Pronouns  Simply adds emphasis to a noun or pronoun in the same sentence.  Example: The mayor herself attended the meeting.

28 Exercise C Write the reflexive or intensive pronoun in each sentence and label each as Int. (intensive) or Ref. (reflexive). 1. I myself have never questioned Jane’s loyalty. 2. We all enjoyed ourselves at the picnic. 3. The author described the plot to us herself. 4. Helen wallpapered her bedroom herself. 5. The governor himself answered our questions. 6. Paul kept telling himself he wasn’t afraid. 7. The children went to the park by themselves.

29 Exercise C; continued 8. The guests helped themselves from heaping platters. 9. Pete had a hard time defending himself. 10. Rita found herself the only one left.

30 Demonstrative, Relative, and Interrogative Demonstrative pronouns direct attention to specific people, places, or things. Relative pronouns begin subordinate clauses and connect them to another idea in the sentence. Interrogative pronouns begin questions.

31 Demonstrative, Relative, and Interrogative Demonstrative Pronouns this that these those Relative Pronouns that which who whom whose Interrogative Pronouns what which who whom whose

32 Exercise D Write the pronoun in each sentence. Then label each as demonstrative, relative, or interrogative. 1. Which of the candidates is more likely to win? 2. Ralph was the person who told Lisa. 3. What will happen next? 4. This book is by the same author. 5. Who was elected to represent the class? 6. Jake has a pen pal who lives in New Guinea. 7. Is that the jacket with the broken zipper? 8. What is Paul having for dinner? 9. Darryl’s aunt is the lawyer who won the case. 10. These are the tomatoes from Mom’s garden.

33 Indefinite Pronouns Indefinite pronouns refer to people, places, or things, often without specifying which ones.

34 Indefinite Pronouns SingularPluralEither Or both few many others several all any more most none some another anybody anyone anything each either everybody everyone everything little much neither nobody no one nothing one other somebody someone something

35 Exercise E Write the indefinite pronouns in the paragraph. Although animals throughout the animal kingdom are adaptable, none have shown greater ability to adapt than insects. Everyone knows that insects thrive in hot and humid jungle regions, but did you know that some also live in frozen polar regions? Deserts, caves, lakes, and mountains provide homes for still others. Few, however, are found in the earth’s oceans. Scientists have already identified more of these small creatures than the average person would guess - over 800,000 kinds.

36 Exercise E; continued Write the indefinite pronouns in the paragraph. No one is sure, but it seems likely that many remain to be discovered. Some of the scientists who study insects estimate that there may be up to ten million kinds still to be identified. All have up to six legs, three main body parts, and an external skeleton. One has a wingspan of about ten inches; another about one- hundredth of an inch. Their great numbers and variety seem to have equipped insects with the ability to survive anything.

37 Although animals throughout the animal kingdom are adaptable, none have shown greater ability to adapt than insects. Everyone knows that insects thrive in hot and humid jungle regions, but did you know that some also live in frozen polar regions? Deserts, caves, lakes, and mountains provide homes for still others. Few, however, are found in the earth’s oceans. Scientists have already identified more of these small creatures than the average person would guess - over 800,000 kinds.

38 No one is sure, but it seems likely that many remain to be discovered. Some of the scientists who study insects estimate that there may be up to ten million kinds still to be identified. All have up to six legs, three main body parts, and an external skeleton. One has a wingspan of about ten inches; another about one- hundredth of an inch. Their great numbers and variety seem to have equipped insects with the ability to survive anything.


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