# THE THREE CONDITIONALS Conditional 1 If+ Present Simple, will+Verb in infinitve If we eat a lot chocolate, we will get fat very soon. real actions.

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THE THREE CONDITIONALS

Conditional 1 If+ Present Simple, will+Verb in infinitve If we eat a lot chocolate, we will get fat very soon. real actions Often called the "real" conditional because it is used for real - or possible - situations. These situations take place if a certain condition is met. In the conditional 1 we often use unless which means 'if... not'. In other words, '...unless he hurries up.' If I study, I will pass my exams. If it rains, we will stay at home. He will arrive late unless he hurries up..

PRACTICE! If you _______________ to the party, you will see Mary. (go) The children_______________ happy, if their mother allows them to go to the party. (be) My mother will be angry if I _______________ home late. (come) If it _______________, we can have a picnic. (not rain) If you _______________ Tom, please tell him to call me. (see) If Jane _______________ all her exams, her parents will be very pleased. (pass) if you ask her, _______________? (she come) If Andrew _______________ hard, he will meet the deadline. (work) We may go to the beach, if the weather _______________good. (be) He _______________ (be) angry if she_______________ (break) his ipod. It's raining! If he _______________ (drive) to work, he _______________ (not get) wet. I'm so angry!!! I _______________ (not talk) to him again unless he _______________(say) sorry. If my computer _______________ (crash) again, I _______________ (throw) it out of the window! If you _______________ (not water) the plants, they _______________! (die)

If you GO to the party, you will see Mary. (go) The children WILL BE happy, if their mother allows them to go to the party. (be) My mother will be angry if I COME home late. (come) If it DOESN'T RAIN, we can have a picnic. (not rain) If you SEE Tom, please tell him to call me. (see) If Jane PASSES all her exams, her parents will be very pleased. (pass) if you ask her, WILL SHE COME? (she come) If Andrew WORKS hard, he will meet the deadline. (work) We may go to the beach, if the weather IS good. (be) He WILL BE (be) angry if she BREAKS (break) his ipod. It's raining! If he DRIVES (drive) to work, he WON'T/WILL NOT GET (not get) wet. I'm so angry!!! I WILL NOT TALK (not talk) to him again unless he SAYS (say) sorry. If my computer CRASHES (crash) again, I WILL THROW (throw) it out of the window! If you DON'T WATER (not water) the plants, they WILL DIE! (die) PRACTICE!

Conditional 2 If +Past Simple would/could/ might+Verb infinitive E.g. If they had a car they could go there driving it. unreal action Often called the "unreal" conditional because it is used for unreal - impossible or improbable - situations. This conditional provides an imaginary result for a given situation. NOTE! The verb 'to be', when used in the 2nd conditional, is always conjugated as 'were'. If I were you, I would quit smoking EXAMPLES:  If he studied more, he would pass the exam.  I would lower taxes if I were the President.

STRUCTURE SJ + WOULD INF + C IF + SJ + PAST SIMPLE + C I WOULD PASS THE EXAM IF I STUDIED HARD IF + PAST SIMPLE + C SJ + WOULD INF + C IF STUDIED THE EXAM I WOULD PASS HARD

2 nd CONDITIONAL If I _______________ you, i would go to the doctor. (be) If Mary had insurance, she _______________ pay for the damage to her car. (not have to) If Scott _______________ the answer, he would help me. (know) If Mary wore smarter clothes, she _______________ more attractive. (look) _______________ to his party if he invited you? (you go) You _______________ fatter if you ate cuips every day. (get) If you _______________ more time, would you exercise more? (have) If he _______________ so carefully, I wouldn't trust him to give me a lift. (not drive) If we _______________ tickets, we would go to the concert. (find) Jesicca_______________ angry if you told her the truth. (not be)

2 nd CONDITIONAL If I WERE you, i would go to the doctor. (be) If Mary had insurance, she WOULD NOT HAVE TO pay for the damage to her car. (not have to) If Scott KNEW the answer, he would help me. (know) If Mary wore smarter clothes, she WOULD LOOK more attractive. (look) WOULD YOU GO to his party if he invited you? (you go) You WOULD GET fatter if you ate cuips every day. (get) If you HAD more time, would you exercise more? (have) If he DIDN'T DRIVE so carefully, I wouldn't trust him to give me a lift. (not drive) If we FOUNF tickets, we would go to the concert. (find) Jesicca WOULD BE angry if you told her the truth. (not be)

1 st AND 2 nd CONDITIONALS TOGETHER Will she come if Jason __________ (call) her? If Sarah were rich, she ________________ (stay) in an expensive hotel. If he ________________, (not apologise) I will never speak to him again. If Dad ________________ (fix) the TV set, we will be able to watch our favourite programme. If I were you, I ________________ (speak) to her more politely. If Sue ________________ (lose) her key, she would have to stay to her grandparents'. I ________________ (meet) you if I don't finish my homework. If Zack ________________ (try) harder, he will pass his driving test. If you ________________ (not be) so impolite, I would enjoy your company. Tom will be amazed if you ________________ (show) him the picture you drew.

1 st AND 2 nd CONDITIONALS TOGETHER Will she come if Jason CALLS (call) her? If Sarah were rich, she WOULD STAY (stay) in an expensive hotel. If he DOESN'T APOLOGIZE, (not apologise) I will never speak to him again. If Dad FIXES (fix) the TV set, we will be able to watch our favourite programme. If I were you, I WOULD SPEAK (speak) to her more politely. If Sue LOST (lose) her key, she would have to stay to her grandparents'. I WILL MEET (meet) you if I don't finish my homework. If Zack TRIES (try) harder, he will pass his driving test. If you WOULDN'T BE (not be) so impolite, I would enjoy your company. Tom will be amazed if you SHOW (show) him the picture you drew.

1 st AND 2 nd CONDITIONALS TOGETHER 1. If I get home late tonight, I __________ (not eat). 2. If John could run 100 metres in 10 seconds, he __________ (be) an athlete. 3. If Simon catches a fish today, we __________ (eat) it. 4. She__________ (buy) a Porsche if she won the lottery. 5. If it __________ (rain) in the Sahara desert, everyone would be very surprised. 6. If it rains tonight, we __________ (can/go) to the cinema. 7. If you dog spoke, you__________ (can/sell) it to the circus. 8. If we play football on Saturday, I __________ (be) tired on Sunday. 9. You __________ (become) fat if you eat too much. 10. If I __________ (be) you, I wouldn't accept that job. It sounds terrible!!

1 st AND 2 nd CONDITIONALS TOGETHER 1. If I get home late tonight, I WON'T EAT (not eat). 2. If John could run 100 metres in 10 seconds, he WOULD BE (be) an athlete. 3. If Simon catches a fish today, we WILL EAT (eat) it. 4. She WOULD BUY (buy) a Porsche if she won the lottery. 5. If it RAINED (rain) in the Sahara desert, everyone would be very surprised. 6. If it rains tonight, we CAN GO (can/go) to the cinema. ***!!! 7. If you dog spoke, you COULD SELL (can/sell) it to the circus. ***!!! 8. If we play football on Saturday, I WILL BE (be) tired on Sunday. 9. You WILL BECOME (become) fat if you eat too much. 10. If I WERE (be) you, I wouldn't accept that job. It sounds terrible!!

Conditional 3 If+ Past Perfect, would/could/might/ have+V3 E.g. If they hadn’t lost their money, they would have bought that. unreal action. Impossible action Often referred to as the "past" conditional because it concerns only past situations with hypothetical results. Used to express a hypothetical result to a past given situation. If I had studied, I would have passed my exams. If he had known that, he would have decided differently. Jane would have found a new job if she had stayed in Boston.

STRUCTURE IF + SJ + PAST PERFECT + C, SJ + WOULD PRESENT + C PERFECT IF I HAD STUDIED HARD I WOULD HAVE PASSED THE EXAM SJ + WOULD PRESENT PERFECT + C IF + SJ + PAST PERFECT + C I WOULD HAVE PASSED THE EXAM IF I HAD STUDIED HARD

PRACTICE! If they ____________________ (close) the gate, the dog wouldn’t have got out. They would’ve let us in if you _____________________ ( not lose) the tickets. He ____________________( not see) us if you hadn’t made a noise. I _______________(buy) a present if I had known it was your birthday. If the pilot ____________________(not be so experienced, the plane would have crashed. You ___________________(pass) your driving test, if you hadn’t been so nervous. If he _______________ (not forget) to come to the interview, he ___________________the job. If I _______________ (do)some part-time jobs while I was at school, I ________________________ (gain)some work experience. If William ______________ (break) into a house, he __________________ (go)to prison. It _______________ (be)so expensive if you _______________ (come) on the bus. If she ________________(refuse) to go to the doctor, she _________________ (get) better. We _______________________ (pass) if we ____________________ (study). If he __________________ (break) his leg he ____________________ (go) with us. He ________________________ (break) his leg if he __________________. (fall)

PRACTICE! If they had closed (close) the gate, the dog wouldn’t have got out. They would’ve let us in if you would not have lost ( not lose) the tickets. He would not have seen ( not see) us if you hadn’t made a noise. I would have bought (buy) a present if I had known it was your birthday. If the pilot had not been (not be) so experienced, the plane would have crashed. You would have passed(pass) your driving test, if you hadn’t been so nervous. If he had not forgotten (not forget) to come to the interview, he would have got_(get) the job. If I had done (do)some part-time jobs while I was at school, I would have gained (gain)some work experience. If William hadn´t broken (break) into a house, he wouldn´t have gone (go)to prison. It wouldn´t have been (be)so expensive if you had come (come) on the bus. If she hadn´t refused (refuse) to go to the doctor, she would have got (get) better. We would have passed (pass) if we had studied (study). If he hadn’t broken (break) his leg he would have gone (go) with us. He wouldn´t have broken (break) his leg if he hadn´t fallen. (fall)

MIXED CONDITIONALS! Fill in the gaps with the appropriate verb in brackets. 1.- Julio …….…….. (feel) very well in the morning if he slept eight hours. 2.- The man …….………. (not die) if the ambulance had come early. 3.- Elisa …………….… (leave) the office sooner if she worked harder. 4.- Kevin ……………. (not be) upset if his father gave him permission. 5.- I ………………..(not wear) glasses if I weren’t short-sighted. 6.-If you ………….. (enter) the competition, you may have won. 7.-They ………..…. (not get) lost if they had a map of that area. 8.- She …………………… (recognize) Mario if he hadn’t talked to her. 9.-Sonia wouldn’t have seen that film if he..………. (not recommend) it to her. 10.-Henry won’t enjoy himself if his girlfriend ………… (not come) with him. 11.-Victor would come immediately if you ……………….. (call) him. 12.-If Mary doesn’t get a ticket, she ……….. (not be able) to go to the concert. 13.-They won’t understand the lesson unless they ………… (concentrate)

MIXED CONDITIONALS! 1.- Julio would feel (feel) very well in the morning if he slept eight hours. 2.- The man would not have died. (not die) if the ambulance had come early. 3.- Elisa would leave (leave) the office sooner if she worked harder. 4.- Kevin would not be (not be) upset if his father gave him permission. 5.- I wouldn't wear.(not wear) glasses if I weren’t short-sighted. 6.-If you had entered (enter) the competition, you may have won. 7.-They wouldn't get (not get) lost if they had a map of that area. 8.- She would have recognized (recognize) Mario if he hadn’t talked to her. 9.-Sonia wouldn’t have seen that film if he.had not recommended. (not recommend) it to her. 10.-Henry won’t enjoy himself if his girlfriend doesn't come (not come) with him. 11.-Victor would come immediately if you called (call) him. 12.-If Mary doesn’t get a ticket, she will not be able. (not be able) to go to the concert. 13.-They won’t understand the lesson unless they concentrate (concentrate)

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