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EU TRANSPORT POLICY - NEW DEVELOPMENTS Tamás Fleischer Institute for World Economics of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences Working.

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Presentation on theme: "EU TRANSPORT POLICY - NEW DEVELOPMENTS Tamás Fleischer Institute for World Economics of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences Working."— Presentation transcript:

1 EU TRANSPORT POLICY - NEW DEVELOPMENTS Tamás Fleischer Institute for World Economics of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences Working Group „EU-Relations” Alps Adriatic Working Community 12th Meeting, Pécs, Europe House 28th April, 2005

2 2 Transport Policy of the European Union – comments from a new member state

3 3 Hungarian Transport Policy Transport Policy of the European Union – comments from a new member state

4 4 Hungarian Transport Policy Transport Policy of the European Union – comments from a new member state

5 5 Hungarian Transport Policy „Time to decide” Transport Policy of the European Union – comments from a new member state

6 6 „White Paper” 1992 Hungarian Transport Policy „Time to decide”

7 7 „White Paper” 1992 Hungarian Transport Policy Hungarian Transport Policy 1996 „Time to decide”

8 8 „White Paper” 1992 Trans-European Networks Hungarian Transport Policy Hungarian Transport Policy 1996 „Time to decide”

9 9 „White Paper” 1992 Trans-European Networks Hungarian Transport Policy Hungarian Transport Policy 1996 „Time to decide” 2001 Pan-European Corridors, TINA

10 10 „White Paper” 1992 Trans-European Networks Hungarian Transport Policy Hungarian Transport Policy 1996 „Time to decide” 2001 Pan-European Corridors, TINA A TEN revision 2004 (29 April)

11 11 4 Before 1992 –There was no integrated transport policy in the union, single sectorial targets main motivation was the regulation of the competition 4 EU CTP 1992 „Single network to the single market” –Integrated transport policy – but focus on one single layer (international level) –Inter-modality, interoperability =>, free access, corridors, TEN-T, single market 4 Comparing the characteristics of western and eastern European transport transport performance / unite of GDP, accidents, modal split (rail/road ratio) EU-25év CEE+15 év Common Transport Policy (CTP) of the European Union 1992

12 12 Illustration of the necessity of interoperability: differences in voltage and electricity systems of railways of Europe Common Transport Policy (CTP) of the European Union 1992

13 13 Source: Az országos közúthálózat évekre szóló-fejlesztési programja 1991, KHVM. The birth of corridor thinking, renumbering the roads in 1975 TEN and its extension to the east

14 14 TEN and its extension to the east 4 What does the eastern extension of the TEN means ?

15 15 4 Extension of the grid toward the east TEN and its extension to the east

16 16 4 Prolongation of the east-west corridors TEN and its extension to the east

17 17 TEN and its extension to the east 4 Prolongation of the east-west corridors

18 18 TEN and its extension to the east 4 Prolongation of the east-west corridors

19 19 TEN and its extension to the east 4 Prolongation of the east-west corridors

20 20 Source: Helsinki, or Pan-European transport corridors TEN and its extension to the east

21 21 Dilemmas of the Central European Transport Policy in time of EU Enlargement 4 (1) Corridors (TEN) in western Europe were based on the internal demand of the area, namely on the necessity of the interconnection of well developed national networks (“Common network to the common market”) 4 (2) In the eastern part of Europe the starting point was external: the extension of the TEN network toward the east. Its priority is exaggerated in countries where internal connections also would need enforcement 4 (3) Furthermore, in Hungary interregional corridors are planned in a mistaken structure, strengthening the earlier single-centred hierarchy

22 22 Hungary plans to lead the transit traffic through its most heavily loaded areas that would need rather protection TEN and its extension to the east

23 23

24 24 EU Transport Policy 2001: „Time to Decide”

25 25 4 Main problems to solve: congestion, isolated regions, quality problems, deteriorated environment, accidents 4 Balance of the consequences of the 1992 CTP 4 Main target: decoupling the link between the economic and the transport growth - focus on road transport through charging, - with efficiency measures in other modes, - targeted investments… …into the TEN networks… 4 Sixty measures – in four blocks. - shift the balance between modes of transport, - eliminate bottlenecks, - place users at the heart of transport policy, - manage the globalisation of transport. EU Transport Policy 2001: „Time to Decide”

26 26 EU Transport Policy 2001: „Time to Decide”

27 27 Summary 4 A transport policy collects the governmental strategies promoting the operation and development of activities belonging to the transport sector. 4 The basic documents of the transport policy of the past decade are the White Papers (CTP) of the European Union in 1992 and in 2001 (Time to Decide); while in Hungary the national Transport Policy of 1996 and The documents of the EU earlier focused mainly on the overlay level of the networks between the single countries. Copying the unchanged priority of the construction of the corridors in domestic transport policies can be considered as a mistake. 4 Besides exaggerated priority of inter-regional axes, the Hungarian planners lead the through traffic across the conurbation of Budapest, in a single-centred structure, and built on that structure also the network of the logistic centres.

28 EU TRANSPORT POLICY - NEW DEVELOPMENTS Tamás Fleischer Institute for World Economics of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences Working Group „EU-Relations” Alps Adriatic Working Community 12th Meeting, Pécs, Europe House 28th April, 2005 THANKS FOR THE ATTENTION


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