Presentation on theme: "Adoption of Web 2.0 tools in distance education"— Presentation transcript:
1Adoption of Web 2.0 tools in distance education Yasemin KOÇAK USLUELSacide Güzin MAZMANHacettepe University, Faculty of EducationDepartment of Computer Education and Instructional TechnologyTURKIYE
2IntroductionProviding interaction has always been an important issue in distance education.For quality of learning, satisfaction of students and effective learning outcomes, necessity of different interaction forms as student-student, student-teacher, student-content, has been revealed by different technologies.2
3Purpose of StudyTo explain possible educational utilization of Web 2.0 tools, namely blogs, wikis, podcasts and social networks, from the point of importance of interaction for distance education.To investigate adoption process of Web 2.0 tools in distance education by defining theories and models which have different construct that effect this process.
4Interaction in Distance Education Technology plays a key role for;promoting interactiondelivering educationcommunication between individualsTechnology plays a key role especially for promoting interaction, delivering education and providing communication between individuals.Interaction in distance education is not limited to audio and video, or solely to teacher-student interactions, it must also represents the connectivity, the students’ feel with the distance teacher, aides, peers.
5Interaction in Distance Education Interaction in distance education is not limited to solelyaudio and videoor only teacher-student interactionsInteraction must also representsstudents’ connectivity feeling withthe distance teacher, aides, peers.
6Web 1.0 Technologies WWW pages Discussion boards E-mail Multimedia File Transfer Protocol FTPDiscussion boardsMultimediaSoftwaresOne way communication,Published contentUsers as passive consumersInternet as a different channel
7Emerging technologies and changing pedagogies bring out the necessity for more effective two way communication,promoting interaction and collaboration,sharing and flexible participation.
8Web 2.0 Two way communication User generated content Openness Easy sharingWriting comment and feedbackRich designRSS feedingCollective Intelligence
9Web 2.0 Web 1.0 Distributed Centralized Syndication Stickiness FolksonomyTaxonomyTaggingDirectoriesWikisContent Management SystemParticipationPublishingSearch engine optimizationDomain HostWeblogsPersonal Web sitesWikipediaBritannica OnlineWeb 2.0Web 1.0
10Web 2.0 Tools in Distance Education To fulfill the shortages of Web 1.0,To provide more effective interaction and collaboration,Investigation has been started in education, for the ways of using;BlogsWikisPodcastsSocial networks
11BlogsOnline diariesNo technical skill, to create, publish and organizeDated content, entries, comments, discussion in chronological orderEasy to use and flexibleRSS feature
12Blogs in educational context Enhance writing skills,Faciliate self reflection,Encourage critical thinking,Provide collaborative and active learning,Provide feedback,E-portfolios that keep records of personal development.
13Wiki Free open source software Freely expandable collection of interlinked Web pagesHypertext system for storing and modifying informationDatabase where each page is easily edited by any user.Users can visit wiki, read and add content to wiki or update and organize content.
14Wikis in educational context Support collaborative learning and writingSupport project based and inquiry based learningPromote creativityEncourage critical searchingProvide easy online updating contentWikis can be used as;Classroom websites, course administration, timetablingOnline dictionaryBibliographically organized class or group projectsVirtual classes for online collaborationFrequently asked questions (FAQ) for classroom
15PodcastPodcast= iPod(portable digital audio player form apple) + broadcasting.Basically digital audio programs that can be subscribed to and downloaded by users via RSS and listened to on either a variety of digital audio services or desktop computer.
16Podcast in educational context With mobile devices, as another variant of mobile learning.Eliminating cost and time limitations of mobile learningReviewing lectures before examsListen in on classes missed lessonsStudents can create their own podcasts for peersFeel connected to learning community.
17Social Networks Social networks are software that support; CollaborationKnowledge sharingInteraction and communication of users from different places who come together with a common interest, need or goal.
18Social Networks in Educational Context Social networks can also be viewed as pedagogical tools as they support;Information discovery and sharing,Networks of people and connectionsInformal learningCreative, expressive forms of behavior and identity seeking,Developing a range of digital illiteracies
19Adoption of Web 2.0 Tools in Distance Education There are different models and theories about diffusion, acceptance and adoption of an innovation.AttitudeIntentionSubjective normBehaviorNormative beliefUsefulness perceptionEase of use perceptionGrounded in socio physiological context and focused on internal decision processes at individual level.Relative advantageComplexityTrialabilityObservabilityCompabilityVisibilityFocused on features of innovation and diffusion of new among users in a system.
20Adoption of Web 2.0 Tools in Distance Education Adoption of Web 2.0 tools in distance education context contains many different dimensions, must be taken into consideration such as;Social dimension (student, teacher and others)Perception and efficacy of usersMedia, technology access, cost,Resources and services etc.,.
21Theories and Models Diffusion of Innovation Theory (Rogers, 2003) Theory of Reasoned Action (Fishbein&Ajzen,1975)Theory of Planned Behavior (Ajzen, 1991)Technology Acceptance Model I and II (Davis, 1989; Venkatesh and Davis, 2000)Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (Venkatesh et al., 2003)
22Adoption of Web 2.0 Tools in Distance Education When studying in Web 2.0 technologies and distance education context, it is necessary to consider both of the individual decision processes and features of innovation.Instead of only one diffusion, adoption or acceptance theory and model it can be suggested to investigate Web 2.0 adoption within a holistic view.
23“Distance Education” come into question in all levels of education. ConclusionBecause of;Continuos globalization of informationLearning independent from time and placeNeed for cost effective and quality learningNeed for life long learning“Distance Education” come into question in all levels of education.
24ConclusionInteraction between students, teacher, content etc. has been a major factor since beginning of distance education.Developments in technology that provides interaction, has brought out necessity of continuous support for process.
25ConclusionAs Web 2.0 technologies support interaction process, many advantages of them have also been a response for questions about adoption of these technologies in distance education.
26ConclusionIndividuals’ acceptance and usage of technology in system is important for obtaining effective outcomes with these technologies.There has been many studies in the framework of different models and theories in this field.
27ConclusionIt can be suggested that utilization from various and different theories and research methods will strengthen the studies in this field.While investigating adoption of these tools in distance education, researches for a holistic view by utilizing various theories and models like Venkatesh et al. (2003) may be needed.
28ConclusionFurther researches could establish a new model by selecting appropriate constructs from previous models and theories and could examine the adoption of Web 2.0 tools in distance education, by considering both technological characteristics of technology and social factors in distance education as students, teacher etc.Additionally, except from previous constructs, external new constructs can be included into this model.