Presentation on theme: "E-waste: from threat to opportunity Helen Nakiguli Editor of Question 13 of ITU-T Study Group 5."— Presentation transcript:
E-waste: from threat to opportunity Helen Nakiguli Editor of Question 13 of ITU-T Study Group 5
Facts about e-waste worldwide There were 50 million tons of electronics discarded in 2013 - about 7kg for every person on the planet Only 8% of old cell phones are recycled properly Only 12.5% of e-waste is recycled Recycling one million laptops saves enough energy to power 3,600 homes Photo credit: Andrew McConnell/Alamy Data sources: http://www.mailinmobile.com/blog/7-shocking-facts-ewaste-worldwide-recycle-devices-today/#sthash.UFwlEc7l.dpuf and http://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2013/dec/14/toxic-ewaste-illegal-dumping-developing-countries
Weaknesses of e-waste management systems E-waste dispersed Illegal traffic Lack of transparent management of funding No clear common definition Heterogeneous reporting requirements Lack of internationally comparable data Developing country- specific criticalities Speculation on compliance costs
Prevention is better than cure Sustainable manufacturing practices: Eco-design Choice of reusable and non- toxic materials Prolonged products life-cycle E-waste disposals Policies and standards Source: http://www.treehugger.com/clean-technology/crazy-e-waste-statistics-explored-in-infographic.html
UN specialized agency for ICTs unique public/private partnership Members: 193 Member States (Governments and regulatory bodies) Over 700 Private Sector (Sector Members and Associates) Over 89 Academia ITU
Importance of global standards Drive competitiveness, for individual businesses and world economy; Lower prices; Reduce technical barriers; Foster interoperability; Manufacturers, network operators and consumers; Reduce negative impacts on the environment. Work with us!
Study Group 5 – Environment and Climate Change Working Party 3 – ICTs and Climate Change Question 13 - Environmental impact reduction including e-waste ITU-T Study Group 5
Question 13/5: Environmental impact reduction including e-waste Main study area: Avoid hazardous materials through standards Minimize the environmental and health impact of ICT products, equipment and facilities Promote proper and environmentally responsible recycling Foster responsible and proper final disposal of e-waste
Question 13/5: Environmental impact reduction including e-waste Main tasks: Assist countries to develop policies on e-waste management Help companies becoming more sustainable and socially responsible Develop international standards on life-cycle management of ICT equipment Carry out research and development Raise awareness
Highlights on deliverables: ITU-T Recommendations Power supply series Batteries E-waste management
Power supply series Recommendation ITU-T L.1000: Universal power adapter and charger solution for mobile terminals and other hand- held ICT devices: Saves 82,000 tons of e-waste per year Saves at least 13.6 million tonnes of CO2 emissions annually Recommendation ITU-T L.1001: External universal power adapter solutions for stationary information and communication technology devices: Saves 300,000 tons of e-waste per year Reduces the energy consumption and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of external power supplies by between 25% and 50%
Power supply series DRAFT Recommendation ITU-T L.1002: External universal power adapter solutions for portable information and communication technology devices: Reduces e-waste, optimizing the use of scarce and raw materials and allowing for reuse Recommends design for MTBF 50.000 hours of active use Increases usability Recommendation ITU-T L.1005: Test suites for assessment of the universal charger solution: Describes specific test suites to assess energy efficiency, interworking, safety and electromagnetic compatibility of the universal charger solution and charger
Batteries Recommendation ITU-T L.1010: Green batteries solution for mobile phones and other hand-held information and communication technology devices. Extends the lifetime of handsets Reduces global resources consumption Eliminates toxic materials
E-waste management Necessity of rare-metal recycling: A mobile phone contains no less than 20 rare metals A ton of gold ore yields just 5 g of gold, whereas a ton of used mobile phones yields a staggering 400 g. Recommendation ITU-T L.1100: A method to provide recycling information of rare metals in ICT products.
E-waste management Necessity of a common and accurate measurement method: For successful recycling, producers are required to provide detailed information on rare metals to recyclers. A common measurement method can facilitate recycling information exchanges between producers and recyclers. Recommendation ITU-T L.1101: Measurement methods to characterize rare metals in information and communication technology goods: XRF (X-ray fluorescence) ICP-MS (inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry)
Supplement 5 to ITU-T L-series Recommendations Agreed: December 2014 Title: Life-cycle management of ICT goods Scope: It provides information for the practical implementation of the life-cycle approach in companies, facilities and plants as well as distributors, including chapters on best practices with a specific focus on material usage and selection.
Supplement 4 to ITU-T L-series Recommendations Agreed: December 2014 Title: Guidelines for developing a sustainable e-waste management system Photo: Fairphone, CC BY-NC-SA 2.0 (cropped)FairphoneCC BY-NC-SA 2.0 Scope: It provides a set of guidelines that countries could refer to when designing their e-waste management system; It provides guidance on policy/legal framework, collection mechanisms, financial mechanisms and engagement with all relevant stakeholders.
New work items Supplement on Collection of sustainable models for e-waste management by private corporations; Supplement on Assessment of quantity of E-waste in developing countries; Supplement Circular Economy; Supplement on Implementation guidance for ICT SME supply chains due diligence on conflict minerals.
An energy-aware survey on ICT device power supplies Research and development Identifying standards needs
ITU Toolkit on Environmental Sustainability for the ICT Sector Practical SupportStandards SupportChecklist Detailed practical support on how ICT companies can build sustainability into their operations and management Ongoing contribution to ITU-T Study Group 5 which has the goal of developing global standards in this arena Standardized checklist of sustainability requirements specific to the ICT sector Purpose: enable the ICT industry to drive environmental best practice into its own performance. Collaboration with over 50 partners.
Toolkit content DocumentSummary Introduction to toolkitA business-led perspective on the use of sustainability in ICT organizations Sustainable ICT in corporate organizations Sustainability issues with the use of ICT products and services Sustainable productsSustainability-led design principles and practice for ICT products Sustainable buildingsSustainability management of the construction, use and decommissioning of ICT buildings End-of-life managementSupport in dealing with the various end-of-life stages of ICT equipment General specifications and KPIsEnvironmental KPIs that can be used to manage and evaluate sustainability performance Assessment frameworkMapping the standards and guidelines applying to the ICT industry
End-of-life management for ICT equipment An outline of the various EOL stages (and accompanying legislation), and support for creating a framework for environmentally- sound management of EOL ICT equipment. Clean supply chains Offsetting and mitigation Material recovery and recycling End-of-life management
End-of-life management for ICT equipment Structure of analysis: Legal frameworks EOL management steps Regulatory compliance Best practice guidance Clean supply chains and conflict minerals Socio-economic issues Corporate social responsibility Checklists Key guidance to ensure best practices on: General Material Recovery and Recycling Facility Guidelines: minimum criteria to select a service provider Clean Supply Chain and Conflict Minerals: an opportunity for a greener industry Offsetting Opportunities and Mitigation: the ICT sector response to Social and Environmental issues generated by bad EOL practices
Example of end-of-life management processing for computing equipment 24
Conclusions and way forward 26 Environmental, socio-economic aspects Development of national ICT policies Adoption and implementation of international standards ICT product design issues Principles for donors of ICT equipment Technical guidance for refurbishment and repair facilities Development of a global CO2- equivalent market Recovery of rare metals and green supply chain
Raising awareness Global portal on ICTs, environment and climate change Launched in February 2014 Workshop on “The role of women in e-waste management” during WSIS Forum (May 2015) Workshop on “E-waste management in the Latin America Region” during COP Basel Convention (May 2015)
Next steps to keep e-waste from growing Policy makers should have long-term sustainability ambitions Consider e-waste management in the design of ICT policies Implement international standards (ITU-T Recommendations) at the national level Encourage concerted cooperation in handling e-waste at the national, regional and international level Improve the sustainability and competitiveness of manufacturing and business practices Create manufactured products through economically-sound processes that minimize negative environmental impacts while conserving energy and natural resources Sustainable manufacturing also enhances employee, community, and product safety and promote green jobs Foster public-private partnerships Raise awareness at consumer level
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