Presentation on theme: "Government – Chapter 1.3 Lecture"— Presentation transcript:
1Government – Chapter 1.3 Lecture Basic Concepts of Democracy“No one pretends that democracy is perfect or all-wise. Indeed, it has been said that democracy is the worst form of government except all those other forms that have been tried from time to time.”Winston Churchill
2American concept of democracy rests on five basic notions: Recognition of the fundamental worth and dignity of every person.Respect for the equality of all persons.Faith in majority rule and an insistence upon minority rights.Acceptance of the necessity of compromise.Insistence upon the widest possible degree of individual freedom.
3Worth of the Individual The importance of individuals is important in American democracyEach individual is a separate and distinct beingNeeds of the Individual are only denied with they come into conflict with the needs of the many.
4Equality of All PeopleJefferson – “All men (people) are created equal”Not all people are born equalNot all people have right to equal wealth or positionAll people are entitled to:Equality of OpportunityEquality before the lawPeople should not be held back because of:Race, Religion, Color, GenderMade progress, still much work left
5Majority Rule, Minority Rights Majority Rule – A majority will be right more often than it will be wrong, and that the majority will also be right more often often then it will be wrongWill of the people is important in democracyNo solution government creates will satisfy all people in societyMinority Rights – the right of any minority to become, it it can by fair and lawful means, the majorityImportant to protect the rights and traditions of the minorityMajorities can destroy the minority if they go unchecked
6Necessity of Compromise Compromise – the process of blending and adjusting competing views and interestsGovernment cannon function without compromiseThere are never just two sides to an issueCompromise allows majority agreement to take place
7Individual Freedom Complete freedom cannot exist in a democracy Anarchy – absence of a governmentDemocracy re quires that freedom exist as much as it can without allowing anarchy and maintaining a governmentLibertariansOrder vs. Freedom debate
8Responsibilities and Duties of Citizens Citizen – One who holds certain rights and responsibilities within a stateDuties – Required of every citizenPaying Taxes and Not SpeedingResponsibilities – Strongly encouraged every citizen doVoting in Elections and Volunteering
9Democracy and the Free Enterprise System Economic System that emphasizesPrivate ownership of capital goodsInvestments mad by private decisions, not government directivesSuccess or failure determined by competition in the market systemFour Fundamental FactorsPrivate OwnershipIndividual InitiativeProfitCompetition
10How does Free Enterprise Work AKA Capitalism or Market-Based SystemLittle or no government regulation – influence in the systemSupply and Demand – consumer demand will set price of goodsUS Government Does play a role in our systemProtect the PublicPreserve Private EnterpriseProvide Public GoodsEquality vs. FreedomDemocracy = Political System SystemCapitalism = Economic System