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+ Can the Subaltern Speak? An Essay by Gayatri Spivak.

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Presentation on theme: "+ Can the Subaltern Speak? An Essay by Gayatri Spivak."— Presentation transcript:

1 + Can the Subaltern Speak? An Essay by Gayatri Spivak

2 + Subaltern Subaltern is that identity that has no possibility at social mobility No possibility to speak No possibility to be heard Intransability of the Subaltern’s structural position

3 Photograph by Fazal Sheikh. Ajoh Achot and Achol Manyen, Sudanese refugee camp. Lokichoggio, Kenya, 1992.

4 + Representation Who is represented as the Subject? Who is representable as the Subject? Who is chosen to represent the Subaltern?

5 + How is Speaking Subject being Produced? Savior - white man Injurer - brown man Injured - brown woman Brown woman oppressed as structural necessity Saving brown woman is also a structural necessity

6 + Woman as a Subject Woman remains an unthinkable figure that needs saving, protection, an assigned identity, a set of limits, rules. Where do the rules/norms/ideas of identity come from? How are the rules, norms, identities POLICED?

7 + Subaltern Identity Accepts wretchedness as normality Millennial cognitive damage done to subaltern Valid institutional background can help subaltern speak

8 + Agency Agency is the CAPABILITY or POWER to affect a desired change. Agency is NOT the same as Rights, Freedoms, Privileges, Advantages, Abilities. Agency is more specific to time, place, socio- economic context. Agency is increasingly perceived as a key goal of development.

9 + New Subaltern Identity Subaltern becoming permeable because of desire to “do good” or “do something” Allow subaltern to speak and be heard A general will to create exploitation into the subaltern, too, is present


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