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Study Guide Revolutionary War Test 2013-14. The French and Indian War.

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Presentation on theme: "Study Guide Revolutionary War Test 2013-14. The French and Indian War."— Presentation transcript:

1 Study Guide Revolutionary War Test

2 The French and Indian War

3 Boston Massacre

4 Quartering Act

5 “Join or Die”

6 Loyalists

7 British Army Advantages

8 Sugar Act The British Parliament passed the Sugar Act before the Americans and French signed the Treaty of Alliance

9 Breed’s Hill Battle of Bunker Hill

10 Yorktown The Americans defeated the British at Saratoga before the Americans defeated the British at Yorktown.

11 John Locke John Locke determined the purpose of government was to protect the people’s natural rights. Natural rights included life, ownership of property, and liberty. John Locke’s philosophies are found throughout the Declaration of Indepedence

12 Spain

13 Committees of Correspondence Samuel Adams organized this committee in 1772 that worked for a network of passing on news

14 Olive Branch Petition This assured the king that most of the American colonists were still loyal to Great Britain and to him

15 Thomas Jefferson Wrote the Declaration of Independence

16 John Adams Traveled to Europe to work out a compromise with the British

17 Treaty of Paris This compromise was signed by the British on September 3, 1783, ending the war

18 Richard Henry Lee introduced a resolution to declare independence for Great Britain

19 Hessians professional German soldiers that fought for the British

20 King George III the British King during the Revolution Washington and his men were defeated by the French at Fort Necessity. Then the Proclamation of 1763 is issued by King George III.

21 King Louis XVI the French King during the Revolution

22 Trenton Washington led an attack on Hessians at this place on Christmas

23 Proclamation of 1763 Washington and his men were defeated by the French at Fort Necessity. Then the Proclamation of 1763 is issued by King George III.

24 Boston Tea Party

25 Stamp Act

26 Patriots

27 Continental Army Advantages

28 Fort Necessity Washington and his men were defeated by the French here

29 Continental Congress meets in Philadelphia

30 Bunker Hill William Prescott led the Patriots at the Battle of Bunker (Breed’s) Hill

31 Declaration of Independence The Americans fight the British at Bunker (Breed’s) Hill and then the Americans sign the Declaration of Independence John Locke’s philosophies are found throughout the Declaration

32 Russia

33 Daughters of Liberty This organization that signed pledges against drinking tea and published notices in the local newspaper promising they would not buy British-made cloth

34 Coercive Acts (aka Intolerable Acts) The Coercive Acts (also known as the Intolerable Acts) were a series of laws passed by Parliament. It included: –closing the port of Boston until payment for the spilled tea was received – accused British officials would be tried in English courts –British troops could be quartered in Massachusetts towns

35 Fort Ticonderoga In May of 1775, Ethan Allen and Benedict Arnold were successful in their attack on this British outpost, Fort Ticonderoga on New York’s Lake Champlain. *They seized a large number of cannons

36 John Jay

37 Benjamin Franklin

38 Thomas Paine this writer encouraged freedom from Great Britain through Common Sense

39 Ethan Allen the leader of the Green Mountain Boys

40 Benedict Arnold Saratoga was the turning point in the war and Benedict Arnold was the hero here - this man was once one of Washington’s most trusted generals, but he became the most famous TRAITOR in our nation’s history

41 Marquis de Lafayette 19 year old Frenchman became an American general, because he loved America

42 Saratoga The Americans defeat the British at Saratoga. Then the Americans defeat the British at Yorktown this was the turning point in the war (Benedict Arnold was the hero here)

43 John Paul Jones “Father of the American Navy” … said, “ I have not yet begun to fight!”

44 John Burgoyne He was ordered to stop the Americans after Trenton and Princeton, but the patriots defeated this man at the Battle of Saratoga

45 Patrick Henry said “Give me liberty, or give me death!”

46 Charles Cornwallis His troops were trapped and defeated, bringing the war very close to an end

47 Yorktown The war essentially ended after the British surrendered thousands of soldiers after this battle.

48 Francois de Gasse this French admiral set up a blockade in the Chesapeake Bay

49 Valley Forge Washington and his troops struggle through a winter at Valley Forge. Then the Americans are successful in turning the British back at Concord. Washington and his troops spent a harsh winter here during the winter of 1777 – 1778

50 John Hancock this man was president of the Second Continental Congress, and he signed the Declaration of Independence first (the signature was quite large)

51 William Pitt This Englishman was Britain’s foreign secretary during the French and Indian War; he later argued in the House of Lords that British troops should be withdrawn from America

52 Joseph Warren this man was the one that signaled to two riders that the British were coming; he later fought and died at Breed’s Hill, knowing he would likely give his life for the cause of liberty

53 Thomas Gage British General that was ordered to arrest Sam Adams and John Hancock

54 Nathan Hale a captured American spy (he was 24 years old) that was put to death

55 John Peter Zenger He was charged with libel for attacking the royal governor in the newspaper; he was eventually found innocent, paving the way for a free press in America

56 Battle of Cowpens Daniel Morgan defeated the British at this battle in South Carolina

57 Eliza Lucas Pinckney this person successfully managed several plantations and promoted Indigo as a cash crop

58 Molly Pitcher widely known for carrying water to soldiers in battle, and it’s thought that she fired some cannons of her own

59 Paul Revere went on a famous ride to warn citizens before the British marched through Lexington on their way to Concord

60 John Locke His philosophies are found throughout the Declaration of Independence Locke determined that the purpose of government was to protect people’s natural rights. –Life –Liberty –Ownership of propety

61 George Washington chosen to lead the Continental Army Washington led an attack on Hessians at Trenton on Christmas Washington and his troops spent a harsh winter at Valley Forge during the winter of 1777 – 1778

62 William Prescott led the Patriots at the Battle of Bunker (Breed’s) Hill


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