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American History SOL Review

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Presentation on theme: "American History SOL Review"— Presentation transcript:

1 American History SOL Review
Moving West: Post Civil War

2 In the period from 1860 to 1890, which experience was shared by most Native Americans living in western states? They maintained control of their traditional lands. They benefited economically from government policy. They became farmers and small business owners. They were forced to live on reservations.

3 The passage of the Homestead Act and the completion of the transcontinental railroad helped to fulfill the United States commitment to Reconstruction racial equality manifest destiny conservation of natural resources

4 Which characteristic of the American frontier continues to be an important part of life in the United States today? widespread support for the Populist Party necessity for families to have many children a predominantly agricultural and mining economy significant opportunities for social and economic mobility

5 In which pair of events did the first event most directly influence the second?
discovery of gold in California --> Louisiana Purchase building of the transcontinental railroad --> disappearance of the frontier settling of the Oregon Territory --> passage of the Homestead Act assimilation of Native American Indians into American society --> passage of the Dawes Act

6 "I am tired of fighting. Hear me, my chiefs. I am tired
"I am tired of fighting.... Hear me, my chiefs. I am tired. My heart is sick and sad. From where the sun now stands, I shall fight no more forever!" -Chief Joseph, 1877 In this statement, Chief Joseph of the Nez Perce expressed his reluctant acceptance of a government policy of placing Native American Indian tribes on reservations requiring Native American Indians to settle west of the Mississippi River granting immediate citizenship to Native American Indians forcing Native American Indians to assimilate into American culture

7 The aim of the Dawes Act of 1887 was to
restore previously taken land to Native American Indian tribes maintain traditional Native American Indian cultures assimilate Native American Indians into American culture end all governmental contact with Native American Indians

8 The Homestead Act was important in the growth of the West because it
set aside reservations for Native American Indians created the Department of Agriculture to aid farmers encouraged settlement of the Great Plains provided land to build a canal system

9 During the late 1800s, many North American Indian tribes were sent to reservations that were located
along the major rivers and lakes of the Midwest near large cities in the Northwest in sparsely populated regions of the West east of the Mississippi River

10 The closing of the frontier and the growth of industry in the late 1800s are two factors often associated with the reduction of exports to Asian nations restoration of a plantation economy in the South formation of alliances with other nations rise of United States imperialism

11 The Homestead Act, the mass killing of buffalo, and the completion of the transcontinental railroad are most closely associated with the rise of organized labor building of the Erie Canal northern migration of African Americans decline of the Plains Indians

12 The mechanization of agriculture in the United States led directly to
an increase in production less dependence on railroads by farmers fewer agricultural exports the decreasing size of the average farm

13 During the 1870’s and 1880’s, Midwestern farmers found that earning a living was increasingly difficult because prices of agricultural products were increasing railroad companies charged high rates for transporting farm products agricultural output was declining rapidly farm labor was becoming more unionized

14 A goal of the Granger and Populist movements was to
expand rights for African Americans help western farmers fight unjust economic practices provide support for the banking industry enable big business to expand without government interference

15 -Free and unlimited coinage of silver -Government ownership of railroads -Graduated income tax Which of these political parties first proposed these reforms in its platform? Republican Party in 1876 Populist Party in 1892 Bull-Moose Party 1912 Democratic Party in 1932

16 In the second half of the 19th century, agriculture in the United States was transformed most by the
increase in prices paid for farm products decline in the population growth rate of the United States decline in demand for agricultural products increase in the use of farm machinery

17 “Transportation being a means of exchange and a public necessity, the government should own and operate the railroads in the interest of the people.” (1892) Which group showed the greatest support for this idea?   western farmers union leaders factory owners railroad owners

18 The Interstate Commerce Act and the Sherman Antitrust Act were passed by Congress to
increase safety in the workplace promote fair hiring practices improve working conditions protect the interests of small businesses

19 raise the prices of crops limit the exportation of corn
As a result of the trends shown in the graphs, the Populist Party wanted the federal government to increase the money supply to raise the prices of crops limit the exportation of corn discourage the consumption of corn increase agricultural imports

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