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Unit 8. Auxiliary Modal Verbs Auxiliary Modal Verbs are used for three reasons.  Give advice  Show obligation  Show necessity 조언 / 충고 의무 필요.

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Presentation on theme: "Unit 8. Auxiliary Modal Verbs Auxiliary Modal Verbs are used for three reasons.  Give advice  Show obligation  Show necessity 조언 / 충고 의무 필요."— Presentation transcript:

1 Unit 8

2 Auxiliary Modal Verbs Auxiliary Modal Verbs are used for three reasons.  Give advice  Show obligation  Show necessity 조언 / 충고 의무 필요

3 Auxiliary Modal Verbs In Korean to talk about obligations or necessity you use - 어 / 아야 되다  In English, we use different modal verbs ( 법조동사 ) for advice and obligations.  Should  Must  Have to  Need to 조언 / 충고 의무 or 필요

4 Positive Sentence To make a positive sentence … Advice ( 조언 / 충고 ): should + verb Examples: You should eat vegetables every day. It’s healthy. He should get more exercise. Obligation ( 의무 ) / necessity ( 필요 ): have to + verbmust + verbneed to + verb Example: In Korea, you ________use 존댓말 when speaking with older people. have tomustneed to

5 Negative Sentence To make a positive sentence … Advice ( 조언 / 충고 ): shouldn‘t + verb Examples: You shouldn’t smoke cigarettes. You’ll die. He shouldn’t cheat on your exam. Obligation ( 의무 ) / necessity ( 필요 ): must not + verb Example: In Korea, you ________use 반말 when speaking with older people. don’t/doesn’t Example: He _________________work tomorrow. We ______________study this weekend. 조언 / 충고 must not 의무 doesn’t need to don’t have to have to + verb need to + verb

6 How to make questions should and must invert ( 도치 ) the subject and the modal verb to make a question. Example: Should I buy some juice before I come home? Must you wear a uniform at your school? have to / need to add do/does to make a question. Examples: Do Korean men have to do military service? Does she need to work late tonight?

7 Page come you school earlier must to You must come to school earlier You should go to see a doctor. I have to meet my client at 7 P.M. I need to get eight hours of sleep before the exam. Do I have to get a visa to enter the United States? We should travel abroad this summer. Do I need to drop by the supermarket on my way home? Should I wear a jacket to the interview? doctor see a you to shouldgo at to have I my meet client 7 p.m. meet sleep before I eight need of hours get exam the to getto do enter to I a visa to have the United Statesget on drop my way to supermarket do the need by home Idrop by abroad this travel summer should we jacket a wear should to I the interview travel wear Positive Sentence: modal verbQuestions:


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