Auxiliary Modal Verbs Auxiliary Modal Verbs are used for three reasons. Give advice Show obligation Show necessity 조언 / 충고 의무 필요
Auxiliary Modal Verbs In Korean to talk about obligations or necessity you use - 어 / 아야 되다 In English, we use different modal verbs ( 법조동사 ) for advice and obligations. Should Must Have to Need to 조언 / 충고 의무 or 필요
Positive Sentence To make a positive sentence … Advice ( 조언 / 충고 ): should + verb Examples: You should eat vegetables every day. It’s healthy. He should get more exercise. Obligation ( 의무 ) / necessity ( 필요 ): have to + verbmust + verbneed to + verb Example: In Korea, you ________use 존댓말 when speaking with older people. have tomustneed to
Negative Sentence To make a positive sentence … Advice ( 조언 / 충고 ): shouldn‘t + verb Examples: You shouldn’t smoke cigarettes. You’ll die. He shouldn’t cheat on your exam. Obligation ( 의무 ) / necessity ( 필요 ): must not + verb Example: In Korea, you ________use 반말 when speaking with older people. don’t/doesn’t Example: He _________________work tomorrow. We ______________study this weekend. 조언 / 충고 must not 의무 doesn’t need to don’t have to have to + verb need to + verb
How to make questions should and must invert ( 도치 ) the subject and the modal verb to make a question. Example: Should I buy some juice before I come home? Must you wear a uniform at your school? have to / need to add do/does to make a question. Examples: Do Korean men have to do military service? Does she need to work late tonight?
Page 77 1. come you school earlier must to You must come to school earlier. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. You should go to see a doctor. I have to meet my client at 7 P.M. I need to get eight hours of sleep before the exam. Do I have to get a visa to enter the United States? We should travel abroad this summer. Do I need to drop by the supermarket on my way home? Should I wear a jacket to the interview? doctor see a you to shouldgo at to have I my meet client 7 p.m. meet sleep before I eight need of hours get exam the to getto do enter to I a visa to have the United Statesget on drop my way to supermarket do the need by home Idrop by abroad this travel summer should we jacket a wear should to I the interview travel wear Positive Sentence: modal verbQuestions: