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Process Paragraph Unit 4. Your are going to learn: 1- How to organize steps using time order words 2- Using imperative 3- Using modals of advice, necessity,

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Presentation on theme: "Process Paragraph Unit 4. Your are going to learn: 1- How to organize steps using time order words 2- Using imperative 3- Using modals of advice, necessity,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Process Paragraph Unit 4

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3 Your are going to learn: 1- How to organize steps using time order words 2- Using imperative 3- Using modals of advice, necessity, and prohibition. 4- learn about process organization. 5- brainstorm ideas and specific vocabulary to use in your writing. 6- Create an outline for your process paragraph.

4 Process Paragraph How to: This gives the reader steps or directions on how he or she can do something. Process writing is useful when writing on history, business, the sciences, psychology, and many other areas

5 Process Organization A process paragraph describes the steps necessary to perform a process or task.

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7 Process Paragraph 1- Topic sentence 2- Supporting Sentences 3- Concluding Sentence

8 1- Topic sentence The topic sentence introduces the process that the writer will explain.

9 2- Supporting Sentences The middle sentences describe a sequence of steps that give detailed information about the stages of the process. Give background details that help define the process for the reader or explain why this process is useful or necessary. Include the tools needed for the task.

10 3- Concluding Sentence The paragraph ends with a concluding sentence that restates the topic sentence using different words. Include a suggestion or writing to help the reader do the task more easily.

11 Time order words First, Second, Next, Then, Later, After that, Finally, Then is not followed by a comma Before and after Before you close your suitcase, check your list. Begin packing after you have eliminated all unnecessary items.

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16 Any Questions?

17 Using imperative To give instructions, directions, or to tell steps in a process. Addresses the reader directly. Does not required a subject, but the subject you is always implied. Open the door. Be quiet or you may disturb the fish. For a negative imperative, use do not. Do not let your finger get caught in the string.

18 Modals of Advice, Necessity, and Prohibition Should and must Advice Should ( advice, tips, suggestion) You should study hard before any exam. Necessity Must (rules- laws) You must bring your ID card with you. Do not have (not necessary) You do not have to pay a fee to enter the museum.

19 Prohibition Should not and must not You should not open the oven while the cake is baking. You must not drink alcohol.

20 subjectShould/ mustBase form of verb I Should mustcome. You He She It We They Affirmative Statements with Should/must

21 Negative statements with Should/must subjectShould/ mustBase form of verb I Should not Must notcome. You He She It We They

22 Negative Statements with Have to subjectDo/does + Not Have toBase form of verb I Do not come. You He She It Does not We Do not They

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28 Process Paragraph Checklist 1- Does the topic sentence tell what the task is? 2- Does the topic sentence contain a controlling idea? 3- Do the supporting sentences include a sequence of steps that give detailed information. Background details, and the tools needed for the task? 4- Did you use time order words to separate the steps? 5- Did you use imperatives to give directions or instructions? 6- Did you use modals to express advice, necessity, and prohibitions? 7- Does the concluding sentence offer a suggestion or warning to help the reader do the task more easily? 8- Did you capitalize the first letter of each sentence and put end punctuation at the end?

29 Process Paragraph Checklist 1- Does the topic tell what the task is? 2- Does the topic contain a controlling idea? 3- Do the supporting sentences include a sequence of steps that give detailed information, background details, and the tools needed for the task? 4- Did you use time order words to separate the steps? 5- Did you use imperatives to give directions or instructions? 6- Did you use modals to express advice, necessity, and prohibitions? 7- Does the concluding sentence offer a suggestion or warning to help the reader do the task more easily? 8- Did you capitalize the first letter of each sentence and put end punctuation at the end?


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