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+ Debate Basics. + DEBATE A debate is a formal argument in which two opposing teams propose or attack a given proposition or motion in a series of speeches.

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Presentation on theme: "+ Debate Basics. + DEBATE A debate is a formal argument in which two opposing teams propose or attack a given proposition or motion in a series of speeches."— Presentation transcript:

1 + Debate Basics

2 + DEBATE A debate is a formal argument in which two opposing teams propose or attack a given proposition or motion in a series of speeches.

3 + THE PROPOSITION, MOTION OR RESOLUTION This is the statement of judgment that identifies the central issue in controversy. A proposition may be one of fact, value or policy.

4 + Clearly state the controversy; Contain only one central idea; Be stated in neutral language; Propose a change in the existing state of things or status quo CHARACTERISTICS OF THE PROPOSITION OF POLICY

5 + Resolved: that government should actively encourage the advancement of research on human cloning. EXAMPLE OF A PROPOSITION OF POLICY

6 + This is the obligation of the advocates to prove their case, i.e., to provide good and sufficient reasons for adopting the proposition. THE BURDEN OF PROOF

7 + It is the Affirmative that always carries the burden of proof. One who asserts must prove. TAKE NOTE

8 + This is the obligation to counter or oppose arguments that harm one’s position. BURDEN OF REBUTTAL OR REFUTATION

9 + While the burden of proof always stays with the Affirmative, the burden of rebuttal shifts between the two sides as the debate progresses. TAKE NOTE

10 + These are standard claims that are applicable to many propositions. STOCK ISSUES

11 + For policy debates, the stock issues are drawn from three basic elements: justification (necessity), plan (practicability), and advantages (beneficiality). STOCK ISSUES

12 + Looks into the need (or lack of need) for the policy change and discusses the presence (or absence) of an inherent flaw in the status quo. JUSTIFICATION (NECESSITY)

13 + Considers the feasibility (or lack of feasibility) of the policy change and includes matters of law and finance. PLAN (PRACTICABILITY)

14 + Discusses advantages (or disadvantages) of adopting the change and mentions specific beneficiaries and benefits. ADVANTAGES (BENEFICIALITY)

15 + DEBATE GROUPS S. Y (A table of random numbers was generated to determine the group composition.)

16 + Group

17 + Group

18 + Group

19 + Group

20 + THE DEBATE TEAM

21 + She will be responsible for mobilizing the group. She will also be one of the debaters/speakers. Team Leader

22 + They will represent and give voice to the team’s stand during the class debate. Two Other Debaters/Speakers

23 + They help prepare the team’s stand. They take note of the other team’s points and help formulate responses or counterarguments. If a speaker is absent or is unavailable, one of the scribes takes her place. Two Scribes

24 + Four to Five Researchers They supply the team with matter, i.e., evidence to support its stand.


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