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The Imperial Perspective Chapter 4. I. English Agencies of Colonial Policy Establishment and Early Control.

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Presentation on theme: "The Imperial Perspective Chapter 4. I. English Agencies of Colonial Policy Establishment and Early Control."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Imperial Perspective Chapter 4

2 I. English Agencies of Colonial Policy Establishment and Early Control

3 I. English Agencies of Colonial Policy Establishment and Early Control Navigation Acts

4 I. English Agencies of Colonial Policy Establishment and Early Control Navigation Acts Mercantilism

5 I. English Agencies of Colonial Policy Establishment and Early Control Navigation Acts Mercantilism Dominion of New England

6 Edmund Andros

7 I. English Agencies of Colonial Policy Establishment and Early Control Navigation Acts Mercantilism Dominion of New England Glorious Revolution

8 The Glorious Revolution…SO WHAT???

9 John Locke

10 I. English Agencies of Colonial Policy Establishment and Early Control Navigation Acts Mercantilism Dominion of New England Glorious Revolution Salutary Neglect

11 II. The Habit of Self-Government Powers of the Governors

12 II. The Habit of Self-Government Powers of the Governors Powers of the Assemblies

13 III. Troubled Neighbors Spain

14 III. Troubled Neighbors Spain New France

15 Louis XIV

16 Samuel de Champlain

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18 Iroquois Longhouse

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21 IV. Colonial Wars King William’s War ( ) War of Spanish Succession ( ) War of Austrian Succession ( ) Seven Years’ War / French and Indian War ( )

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24 V. French and Indian War Fort Necessity

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26 V. French and Indian War Fort Necessity Albany Plan of Union

27 V. French and Indian War Fort Necessity Albany Plan of Union Braddock attempts to oust the French

28 V. French and Indian War Fort Necessity Albany Plan of Union Braddock attempts to oust the French Formal Declaration of War

29 V. French and Indian War Fort Necessity Albany Plan of Union Braddock attempts to oust the French Formal Declaration of War – 1756 British / Colonial Tensions

30 British March in formation or bayonet charge. Br. officers wanted to take charge of colonials. Prima Donna Br. officers with servants & tea settings. Drills & tough discipline. Colonists should pay for their own defense. Indian-style guerilla tactics. Col. militias served under own captains. No mil. deference or protocols observed. Resistance to rising taxes. Casual, non-professionals. Methods of Fighting: Military Organization: Military Discipline: Finances: Demeanor: British-American Colonial Tensions Colonials

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32 V. French and Indian War Fort Necessity Albany Plan of Union Braddock attempts to oust the French Formal Declaration of War – 1756 British / Colonial Tensions William Pitt

33 V. French and Indian War Fort Necessity Albany Plan of Union Braddock attempts to oust the French Formal Declaration of War – 1756 British / Colonial Tensions William Pitt 1759

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35 V. French and Indian War Fort Necessity Albany Plan of Union Braddock attempts to oust the French Formal Declaration of War – 1756 British / Colonial Tensions William Pitt 1759 Treaty of Paris

36 France --> lost her Canadian possessions, most of her empire in India, and claims to lands east of the Mississippi River. Spain --> got all French lands west of the Mississippi River, New Orleans, but lost Florida to England. England --> got all French lands in Canada, exclusive rights to Caribbean slave trade, and commercial dominance in India  Treaty of Paris

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39 North America in 1750

40 North America in 1763

41 V. French and Indian War Fort Necessity Albany Plan of Union Braddock attempts to oust the French Formal Declaration of War – 1756 British / Colonial Tensions William Pitt 1759 Treaty of Paris Effects of War on Britain

42 1. It increased her colonial empire in the Americas. 2. It greatly enlarged England’s debt. 3. Britain’s contempt for the colonials created bitter feelings. Therefore, England felt that a major reorganization of her American Empire was necessary! Effects of the War on Britain?

43 V. French and Indian War Fort Necessity Albany Plan of Union Braddock attempts to oust the French Formal Declaration of War – 1756 British / Colonial Tensions William Pitt 1759 Treaty of Paris Effects of War on Britain Effects of War on American Colonials

44 1. It united them against a common enemy for the first time. 2. It created a socializing experience for all the colonials who participated. 3. It created bitter feelings towards the British that would only intensify. Effects of the War on the American Colonials

45 On the Horizon…


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