Presentation on theme: "Information Systems for Strategic Advantage BUS 782."— Presentation transcript:
Information Systems for Strategic Advantage BUS 782
Strategic Information System Information systems that provide a firm with competitive products and services which give it a strategic advantage over its competitors in the marketplace. –Information systems that promote business innovation, improve operational efficiency.
Strategic Advantage and Strategic Necessity Strategic advantage refers to obtaining a sustainable competitive edge over competitors. The ability to obtain a greater than normal return on investment. A strategic necessity is a system that must be installed to remain competitive and stay in business.
Auction sites Yahoo, Ebay Necessity: –Ability to search and view items, view seller info and bid history, place a bid, online payment. Advantage: –Ebay Ebay store PayPal Micropayments SkyPe: –Special SkyPe services for eBay sellers and buyers
Amazon Associates: –Amazon.com's affiliate marketing program. By linking to Amazon products and services you can add compelling content for your site visitors enjoyment and receive up to 8.5% in referral fees for doing so. –aStore
Being the First Internet Search Engines: –Yahoo, Google –Teoma –Mooter
New Way of Doing Business Dell: –Customization America West website -- Select your seats Web check-In (Travel Tools and Services)
Comparing Websites Travel:Yahoo vs Expedia –Hotels –Cars –Vacations –Cruises Real Estate:Century 21 vs ReMax –Buy: neighborhood, school –Sell –Finance –Learn
Threat of New Entrants Bargaining Power of Suppliers Bargaining Power of Customers Rivalry among Existing Competitors Threat of Substitute Products Competitive forces model by Michael Porter
Competitive Strategies Cost leadership strategy: –Become a low cost producer of products and services –Find ways to help suppliers or customers reduce their costs Product differentiation strategy. Innovation strategy: Finding new way of doing business, enter new market. Alliance strategy: Establish alliances with customer, suppliers, competitors, other company. Growth strategy: expanding, diversifying, integrating.
Strategic Roles for Information Systems Improving business operations Promoting business innovation Locking in customers and suppliers –Interorganizational IS, EDI, automatic inventory replenishment system Creating switching costs –make customers dependent on the continued use of innovative IS. Raising barriers to entry –discourage competitors from entering a market
The Value Chain and Strategic IS It views a firm as a series, or chain, or network of basic activities that add value to its products and services, and thus add a margin of value to the firm. –Margin is the value of the firm’s products and services less their costs, as perceived by the firm’s customers. Support activities: –Administration, human resource management,etc. Primary activities: –Inbound logistics, operations, outbound logistics, marketing, etc.
The Value Chain Administrative Coordination & Support Services Human Resource Management Technology Development Procurement of Resources Inbound Logistics Inbound Logistics Operations Outbound Logistics Outbound Logistics Marketing and Sales Marketing and Sales Customer Service Customer Service Competitive Advantage
Becoming an Agile Competitor Agility in competitive performance is the ability of a business to prosper in rapidly changing, continually fragmenting global markets for high-quality, high-performance, customer-configured products and services. An agile company can: –1. Make a profit in markets with broad product ranges and short model lifetimes –2. Process orders in arbitrary lot sizes –3. Offer individualized products while maintaining high volumes of production.
IT and Agility Agile companies depend heavily on information technology to: –1. Enriched its customers with customized solutions to their needs. Mass customization –2. Cooperate with other businesses to bring products to market as rapidly and cost-efficient as possible. –B2B E-Commerce Electronic Exchange: An electronic forum where manufacturers, suppliers, and competitors buy and sell goods. Example: WorldWide Retail Exchange (WWRE)
IT Doesn’t Matter – Nicholas Carr The basis for a sustainable competitive advantage is not ubiquity but scarcity. The core functions of IT have become available to all. Computer programs today are industry specific, most “right out of box””. That is they are commodities. Costs of doing business – paid by all but provide distinction to none.
Carr’s Rules for Firms Spend less Follow, don’t lead Focus on the risks of IT, not the opportunities: –Webvan - wiki –Peapod