Presentation on theme: "Spoken etiquette in English-speaking countries"— Presentation transcript:
1Spoken etiquette in English-speaking countries Project work on the topicSpoken etiquette in English-speaking countriesSpoken etiquette in English-speaking countries
2Spoken etiquette in English-speaking countries The aim. the aim of my research is to study basic specific traits of the spoken etiquette in England.Spoken etiquette in English-speaking countries
3study basic rules of the English spoken etiquette Objectivesstudy basic rules of the English spoken etiquettefind out about their originobserve their consequencesSpoken etiquette in English-speaking countries
4Spoken etiquette in English-speaking countries MethodsBibliographic analysisObservation (films)Spoken etiquette in English-speaking countries
5“Everyone has a right to privacy” ↓ “the rule of ignoring” try to avoid communicating with foreigners as long as it is not absolutely necessary
6three cases when the English would not observe the rule: when silence would be even more impolitewhen you need to get some essential information urgentlywhen there is some misfortune
8It`s acceptable to comment on the weather in three situations: the rule of context.It`s acceptable to comment on the weather in three situations:when you`re greeting the partner,when you need to switch over the conversation onto a target topicwhen there is nothing else to say so that you keep the conversation going.
9the rule of agreement.Comments on the weather sound like questions, but their aim is to communicate rather than to enquire your opinion. That`s why it is considered extremely rude to disagree with your partner. All you can do is to express your personal preferences highlighting that you do realise they are strange, and even in that case you should start your reply with the word “yes” :
10the rule of ranking weather types. sunny and warm weathersunny and chilly or cold weathercloudy and warm weathercloudy and chilly or cold weatherrainy and warm weatherrainy and chilly or cold weather
12Greeting and meeting new people the rule of “no names”.the rule of embarrassment.the rule of guessing game.
13“guessing” gameif your partner could hold different positions at his/her working place, you should suppose s/he holds a higher one.you shouldn`t ignore the hints which you`re being given.when you have discovered the partner`s occupation, you`re expected to express surprise.
14the rule of respecting privacy the rule of distance Gossiping:the rule of respecting privacythe rule of distancethe rule of being equally outspoken
15“the ritual of exchanging compliments” Oh, you`ve got a new haircut! It suits you very well!Oh, there`s no use in making new haircuts with my greyish thin hair. But your hair is beautiful no matter what the haircut is.Oh, come on! It is horrible! So awfully wavy, I can`t stand that! I would also like to have a haircut similar to yours, but it doesn`t match the shape of my face. And yours is really nice!
17rules of behavior “the rule of ignoring” “a reflexive sorry” The English are very politethe rules of standing in a queue
18Spoken etiquette in English-speaking countries Asking for opinionsPaying complimentsSo, what do you think..?;Do you like..?How do you like..?;What’s your opinion..?;Don’t you agree?And what about you?What do you think of it?Well, that looks really nice!It’s really beautiful/absolutely great!Mmmm, that smells/ looks sounds/ … great!Spoken etiquette in English-speaking countries
19agreement That’s very true; I quite agree with you; I couldn’t agree more; I partly/totally agree; You’re absolutely rightdisagreement: I don’t think so…;I (don’t) feel…;I’m not sure you’re right…;Perhaps you’re right, but on the other hand…;That’s not quite the way I see it…;I see what you mean, but…
20Asking for advice Giving advice What do you think I should do if…I have a problem and am deciding what to…I really don’t know what to do about…Any ideas what I could do …Modals:should,ought to,have to,must,can,may,might,could.Second Conditional:If I were you, I’d…;If I were in your shoes, I’d…Verbal phrases:You’d better…; Whatever you do,don’t…; I suggest you…;I strongly recommend you…Spoken etiquette in English-speaking countries
21Reacting to suggestions Making suggestionsReacting to suggestionsWhat about going…Don’t you mind...Do you fancy going…Why don’t we…Let’s…Have you thought about…We could…That’s a good/great idea!Brilliant!That would be great!OK, Why not?I think you’re right, let’s…I don’t think it’s a good ideaI’m not really into…I don’t know what good it would do…Spoken etiquette in English-speaking countries
22A correct respond to an apology ApologisingA correct respond to an apologyExcuse me!I beg your pardon!I’m terribly sorry!Please, forgive me!I really must apologise to you!Please accept my apologies for….I want to ask your forgiveness…I want to ask you to forgive me for…I do apologise for…Do forgive me for…It’s quite all rightNo harm doneNo need to be sorryNever mindIt’s OK.Please don’t apologise…That’s not your fault!Spoken etiquette in English-speaking countries
23Spoken etiquette in English-speaking countries Ways of farewellGoodbye!Goodbye for now!See you soon!Till we meet again!All the best!Take care!God bless you!Good luck!I'll be seeing you!I'm not saying goodbyeSpoken etiquette in English-speaking countries
24Humour rules “it`s important not to be serious”. “Oh, come off it!”. the rule of underestimation.the rule of self-humiliation.
25rules of behavior at work “it`s important not to be serious”.the rule of modesty.the rule of polite delay.taboo over talking about money.the rule of playing honestly.the rule of complaining.
26differences in the ways people of different social classes communicate. “pardon” ( “Sorry?”, “Sorry – what?”, “What?”)“toilet” ( “loo”, “lavatory”, “gents/ladies”, “bathroom”, “facilities/conveniences” , “powder room”)“serviette” ( “napkin”)“dinner” ( “lunch”)“settee” or “couch” ( “sofa”)“living room ” or “lounge”( “sitting room or “drawing room”)“sweet” , “afters” or “dessert”( “pudding”)“posh” (“smart”)