“It usually takes me more than three weeks to prepare spontaneous a good spontaneous speech.” Mark Twain
French Preparing your presentation in 8 steps 1. Setting objectives Setting objectives 2. Know your audience Know your audience 3. State the main ideas State the main ideas 4. Choose supporting information Choose supporting information 5. Create an opening Create an opening 6. Develop transitions Develop transitions 7. Structure the main body Structure the main body 8. Prepare the closing Prepare the closing
French 1. Setting objectives “Why am I giving this presentation?” to inform? to gather ideas and explore them? to make recommendations? to evaluate, interpret or clarify? to instruct? to sell?
French 2. Know your audience Who are my listeners? What are their needs? request a list of participants; study background information; talk with a few attendees before your presentation; interview others who have spoken to this audience.
French 3. State the main ideas “What ideas do I most want my audience to remember?” “Less is usually more.” 45- to 55- minute presentation about 3 concepts 10 to 15 minutes one main idea
French 4. Choose supporting information Collect and select: examples, comparisons, quotations, statistics, graphs, anecdotes experts’ opinions that will support your main idea(s).
French 5.Create an opening Purpose: to capture your audience’s attention and keep it A good opening must: convince your audience to listen to your presentation; introduce the subject; establish your credibility. Avoid opening with an apology, long statements, a dull question or an unrelated joke.
French 6. Develop transitions Transitions tie your ideas together, help the audience to follow you and your key ideas. - keep them short; - use attention getting statements; - use relevant statistics; - pause, using hand and body movements and voice modulation; - restate or summarise your main points.
French 7. Structure the main body Most logical sequences: chronological order priority spatial arrangement topical approach: from least important to strongest message problem and solution.
French 8. Prepare the closing Closing is the strongest part of your presentation and should: provide a summary of the main ideas and objectives; review the purpose of the entire presentation; make an appeal for action.
FrenchNerves! Practice and prepare Breathe Have a conversation Think positively Seek opportunities to present
FrenchRemember! The audience is on your side! They want you to succeed!
French A final word of encouragement No one is listening until you make a mistake.