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A DJACENCY P AIRS Drs. Liliek Soepriatmadji, M.Pd.
LS Drs. Liliek Soepriatmadji, M.Pd. © 2008 A DJACENCY PAIRS Responsive Pairs of utterances occurring in a sequence of turns first-pair part: initiation second-pair part: response Base: Exchange of meanings
LS Drs. Liliek Soepriatmadji, M.Pd. © 2008 P ATTERN IN AP Greeting QuestionExpected answer/Unexpected answer/No answer CongratulationThank RequestCompliance/Denial InformAcknowledge OfferAcceptance/Rejection Leave taking ComplainExcuse/Remedy ApologyAcceptance BlameDenial/Admittance AssessmentAgreement/Disagreement
LS Drs. Liliek Soepriatmadji, M.Pd. © 2008 E XAMPLE OF AP 1 A: Why don’t you come up and see me sometime? B: I would like to. Sentence A is an invitation. That first pair part is responded with an acceptance in the second pair part.
LS Drs. Liliek Soepriatmadji, M.Pd. © 2008 E XAMPLE OF AP 2 A: uh if you’d care to come and visit a little while this morning I’ll give you a cup of coffee B: hehh well that’s awfully sweet of you I don’t think I can make it this morning hh uhm. I’m running an ad in the paper and uh I have to stay near the phone Sentence A is an invitation of the first pair part, which is responded with a refusal in sentence B in the second pair part.
LS Drs. Liliek Soepriatmadji, M.Pd. © 2008 AP IN MULTI - PARTY INTERACTIONS. Exchange: V1:Q, do you want some more marbles? Q1:Yes. V2:You can't have any. Q2:Mummy, V won't let me have his marbles. M1:Why are you teasing your brother? Give him some of your marbles. V3:But he's already got so many. Schematic analysis of pairs: V1firstoffer Q1preferred secondaccept V2firstcancel offer Q2firstcomplain (= dispreferred second to V1 by implication) M1afirst request for information (= preferred second to Q2 by implication as it acknowledges the complaint) M1bfirstorder V3dispreferred secondrefuse (= a preferred second to M1 by complying with the request for information)
T URN - TAKING M ECHANISM Drs. Liliek Soepriatmadji, M.Pd.
Simple Future Simple Future has two different forms in English: "will" and "be going to." Although the two forms can sometimes be used interchangeably,
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