Presentation on theme: "LIFE and its VARIOUS IDIOSYNCRACIES muahahaha. Atoms molecules cells tissue Organ Organ System Organism Chemical Level Cellular Level Tissue Level Organ."— Presentation transcript:
Atoms molecules cells tissue Organ Organ System Organism Chemical Level Cellular Level Tissue Level Organ Level Organismal Level
1.Protect Your Insides!!! Skin (from the integumentary system): Protects your organs from drying out and from being exposed to harmful external factors such as bacteria, heat, and chemicals. Cells: Must be able to properly regulate what stays/comes in and what goes out or is kept out of its membrane. 2. Movement The muscles in the muscular system pull on the bones in the skeletal system in order to manipulate the movement of limbs, fingers etc. The muscles also control facial expression. Movement within organ systems (ex: blood being pumped in the cardiovascular system) that allow the systems to function properly. Life’s Functions ….ooh
3. Responsiveness Ability to detect and respond to changes in the environment (scientific term = stimuli). The nervous system plays a principal role in warning the body of any such stimuli. 4. Digestion The breaking down of foods into molecules via the digestive system that are absorbed into the blood and distributed to all body cells via the cardiovascular system. 5.Metabolism The sum of all the chemical reactions that occur in living cells (or in an organism). Anabolic: building up molecules to form more complex structures; Catabolic: breaking down of complex structures into molecules/ simpler structures followed by the release of energy.
8. Growth Cells reproduce and keep on building up in order for body structures to grow. 6. Excretion The removal of wastes from the body with help of the digestive system (indigestibles--feces) and the urinary system (nitrogenous wastes — urine). 7. Reproduction Cellular reproduction: 1 cell divides into 2 cells. Organismal reproduction: reproductive system
Organ Systems Integumentary System (skin) Waterproofs body Protects deeper tissues Perspiration- excretes salts and urea to regulate body temperature Skin –pain receptors –temperature –pressure Skeletal System bones- store minerals cartilage ligaments joints supports body and provides a frame hematopoiesis: formation of blood cells (inside cavities of skeleton)
Muscular System movement muscles contract “ machines ” of the body Muscle attached to bone Different from hollow organs like the heart which moves fluids throughout the body Nervous System Brain Spinal cord Nerves Sensory preceptors- senses changes and sends signals (through electrical signals) to the brain and spinal cord Lymphatic system Organs: -Lymphatic vessels- constantly keep blood circulating throughout the body -Lymph nodes- cleanse body and store immunity cells -Spleen -Tonsils
Endocrine System Produces hormones and releases them into the bloodstream which are then sent different organs Glands: -Pituitary -Thyroid -Parathyroid -Adrenals -Thymus -Pancreas -Pineal -Ovaries (female) and testes (male) Hormones regulate processes Respiratory system: keeps body supplied with oxygen removes carbon dioxide consists of: -nasal passages -pharynx -larynx -tracheas -bronchi -lungs
Digestive System organs: –oral cavity –esophagus –stomach –small and large intestines –rectum break down foods and deliver nutrients into the bloodstream undigested food leaves body through anus as feces after the breakdown of food is completed in the small intestine, water must be reclaimed liver –bile- breaks down fats pancreas –delivers digestive enzymes to the to small intestine
Cardiovascular System Heart pumps blood into the blood vessels, which transports the stuff in the blood to tissue cells, which then exchanges stuff with the blood vessels which transports the blood back to the heart. Then the cycle repeats continuously. Stuff = oxygen, carbon dioxide, wastes, nutrients, hormones. On the first trip, the blood sends oxygen, nutrients (the good stuff) to the tissue cells. It ’ s on the return trip that the wastes are picked up from the blood so that it can be disposed of. -Arteries carry blood away from heart and into the capillaries. The blood then returns to the heart via the veins.
Urinary System nitrogen containing waste –urea and uric acid- result of the breakdown of proteins and nucleic acid during digestion removes nitrogen containing waste from the blood which is then released from the body in urine regulates acid-base balance of blood and the balance of water and salt organs: –kidneys –ureters –bladder –urethra Reproductive System produce offspring Male reproductive system: Testes-produce sperm Scrotum Penis accessory glands Duct system- carries sperm out of the body Female reproductive system: Ovaries- produces eggs (ova) Uterine tubes Uterus- where the development of a fetus occurs Vagina
http://www.sirinet.net/~jgjohnso/skin.html Skinhttp://www.sirinet.net/~jgjohnso/skin.html http://www.stpeters.k12.nf.ca/skeletal_system.htm Skeletal Systemhttp://www.stpeters.k12.nf.ca/skeletal_system.htm http://www.sirinet.net/~jgjohnso/modmuscularsys3.jpg Muscular Systemhttp://www.sirinet.net/~jgjohnso/modmuscularsys3.jpg http://www.infovisual.info/03/038_en.html Nervous Systemhttp://www.infovisual.info/03/038_en.html http://www.umm.edu/endocrin/images/endocrine.gif Endocrine Systemhttp://www.umm.edu/endocrin/images/endocrine.gif http://www.worldinvisible.com/images/apolog/body/bloodjci.gif cardiovascular systemhttp://www.worldinvisible.com/images/apolog/body/bloodjci.gif http://www.gorhams.dk/assets/images/lymfesystemet.gif Lymphatic Systemhttp://www.gorhams.dk/assets/images/lymfesystemet.gif http://www.emc.maricopa.edu/faculty/farabee/BIOBK/humrespsys_1.gif Respiratory Systemhttp://www.emc.maricopa.edu/faculty/farabee/BIOBK/humrespsys_1.gif http://www.umm.edu/digest/images/digest.gif Digestive Systemhttp://www.umm.edu/digest/images/digest.gif http://www.sirinet.net/~jgjohnso/urinarysys10.jpg Urinary Systemhttp://www.sirinet.net/~jgjohnso/urinarysys10.jpg http://www.uh.edu/~tgill2/image008.jpg and http://www.uh.edu/~tgill2/image010.jpg for female & male Reproductive Systemshttp://www.uh.edu/~tgill2/image008.jpg http://www.uh.edu/~tgill2/image010.jpg Go to these links for pictures!!!!