Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

By Dr PZ Buthelezi-Mlambo.  Under scented testis   occurs on 30% of premature and 4% term born babies  6/12 tend to descent on its own in half of.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "By Dr PZ Buthelezi-Mlambo.  Under scented testis   occurs on 30% of premature and 4% term born babies  6/12 tend to descent on its own in half of."— Presentation transcript:

1 By Dr PZ Buthelezi-Mlambo

2  Under scented testis   occurs on 30% of premature and 4% term born babies  6/12 tend to descent on its own in half of babies  if spontaneous descending doesn’t occur the surgical treatment is indicated because the undescended testes may be damage which could affect fertility later or lead to medical problems  Retractile testes is normal condition in which testes reside in scrotum but temporary retract or pull back into the groin

3 Causes:  Injury  Underlying medical condition:eg ---testicular cancer -vericocel (abnormal enlarged veins in scroutum, - orchitis( inflammation of testes) -congestive of heart failure  Accumalazation of fluid(Hydrocele) May be painless or very painful which is serious and needs emergency treatment mainly caused by =testicular torsions: injury that causes testicles in scrotal sac to twist which cuts off blood circulation  Treatment: ( Depends on causes) For example:  Infection: antibiotics  If vercocele, hernia or hydrocele: surgery  Testicular cancer: will depend on severity of cancer. Eg. chemotherapy or radiotherapy

4

5  Phimosis-> Inability to retract the foreskin behind the glans Types: 1.Physiological phimosis in which children are born with a tight foreskins and separation occurs during late childhood and early adolescence 2. Pathological Phimosis occurs due to infection, inflammation or scarring usually found in uncircumcised adult men Causes : Physiological phimosis is present at birth and resolve without interventions. -Patholgical is caused by: scarring, balanitis, underlying medical risk factors Symptoms: inability to retract foreskins which leads to difficult in cleaning the area which can cause balanitis which is painful urination, painful erection, itchy glans Paraphimosis: occurs when the fore skin once retracted cannot return to its original location, the skin is trapped behind the groove of the coronal sulcus Treatment: Circumcision  it can reduce the risk of caner of penis  it can reduce the risk of urinary track infection  lower the risk of certain sexual transmitted disease eg HIV  lower the risk of cancer of cervix in sexual partners

6

7  Definition: Regular or repeated inability to obtain or maintain an erection Causes 1. Psychological causes:- - performance anxiety -stress -mental disorder 2. smoking is the key cause of impotence and erectile dysfunction, it causes arterial narrowing 3.Hypertension 4.Diabeites Mellitus 5.Cholesteremia 6. Obesity 7 Trauma from prostatectomy surgery 6. Hormonal insufficiency (hypogonadism) 7. Drugs side Effect eg: antidepressants and, nicotin 8. Aging- four times higher in man in the 60’s 9. Ascernic poisoning –from contaminated water Complications:-relationship difficulties ending in divorcing/Adultery, low self- esteem Treatment: eg - 1.Viagra, - Dynafil, Cialis 2.njections(mans clinic) 3.Penile prosthesis 4. Reconstructive surgery

8

9  Definition: Second most common form of cancer that develops in the prostate which is slow growing. Prostate is a gland in the male reproductive system that makes and store seminal fluid.  Signs and Symptoms: 1.Difficulty initiating and stopping urine stream 2.Frequent urination 3. Pain or burning urination 4.Nocturia (increase urination at night) 5. Haemturia 6. Pain on ejaculation 6. Bladder obstruction – not urinating or urinating very little despite drinking enough fluids 7.Backache pains eg. Hips or thighs Risk factors: Age 50 yrs and older- undergo a yearly digital rectal examination and blood testing for Prostatic specific antigen - Family history of prostate cancer…. Start screening at age 40yrs - Obesity - High blood pressure - African( black) - STI( Gonorrhoea, syphilis) - prostatis Nutritional Recommendation: Soya, Vegetables, fish and low in calories or fat food, fruits, garlic, tomatoes, olive oil Treatment: depends on the stage of cancer -watchful waiting or active surveillance -Surgery - radiation therapy -Hormone therapy – biologic therapy -Bisphosphonate therapy - targeted therapy

10

11  Know your health status with an annual medical check-up  Know your ideal weight and maintain  Watch your salt  Do not smoke  Take medicines as prescribed by your doctors  see your doctor regularly  Exercise regularly  Live a healthy life

12


Download ppt "By Dr PZ Buthelezi-Mlambo.  Under scented testis   occurs on 30% of premature and 4% term born babies  6/12 tend to descent on its own in half of."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google