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42d Security Forces Squadron

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1 42d Security Forces Squadron
Combat Arms Section Maxwell Air Force Base Alabama

2 908 SFS Combat Arms If you are deploying to a hostile fire zone, you need to fire with all of your Individual Combat Equipment (helmet, body armor and LBE). If you do not have all of your required equipment, let the instructor know.

3 Use Of Force You must base your use of force option on the actions of the individual with whom you are in contact. In cases warranting the use of force, you must use only force REASONABLY NECESSARY to reach your objective IAW AFI “Arming and Use of Force by AF Personnel” Persons who use excessive force may be subject to disciplinary action for violation of Article 92 UCMJ and LOAC

4 Use Of Force You may use force, up to and including deadly force, against hostile actors: In self-defense To protect others as designated In defense of your unit and other US forces To prevent the theft, damage, or destruction of firearms, explosives, ammunition or property designated by your commander as vital to national security

5 Rules OF Engagement Directives issued by competent military authorities/ command authorities which outline the circumstances and limitations under which United States forces will initiate or continue combat engagement/combat operations with other forces encountered. These ROE are IAW CJCSI A “Standing Rules of Engagement for US Forces” and AFMAN “Airman’s Manual” ROE differ from country to country based on the operational mission Specific ROE are briefed in the AOR Failure to comply with ROE may be punishable IAW UCMJ

6 Air Force Qualification Course
M9 PISTOL Air Force Qualification Course (AFQC)

7 COURSE OVERVIEW FOUR PERIODS OF INSTRUCTION FREQUENCY OF TRAINING
I. ORIENTATION & MECHANICAL II. PREPARATORY MARKSMANSHIP III. LIVE FIRE PRACTICE IV. LIVE FIRE RECORD & PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE EVALUATION FREQUENCY OF TRAINING GROUP A 12 MONTHS (INCLUDING SF READY PERSONNEL) GROUP B 15 MONTHS CES 24 MONTHS FLYERS 12 MONTHS Everyone else

8 PERIOD I. OVERVIEW CLASSROOM PROCEDURES SAFETY CHARACTERISTICS
NOMENCLATURE AMMUNITION METHODS OF DESTRUCTION OPERATOR MAINTENANCE LOADING, UNLOADING, & RELOADING STOPPAGES & MALFUNCTIONS IMMEDIATE ACTION PROCEDURES

9 CLASSROOM PROCEDURES Training times: Classroom, Live-Fire, Overall.
Safety & Precautions. (MSDS’s in Office) Break procedures. Location of facilities: Latrines. Smoking area. Telephones. Food & Beverages. Student Critiques.

10 FORMS

11 SAFETY

12 Classroom Procedures ORM Questionnaire Anyone worked the last 8 hours
Anyone taking medication causing drowsiness Anyone pregnant/breastfeeding Anyone consumed alcohol in the last 8 hours Fire alarm procedures

13 WEAPON SAFETY Treat every weapon as if it were loaded.
When handling any firearm, clear it first, before proceeding any further. Keep the action open and the weapon unloaded until ready to use it Never point a weapon at anyone or anything you do not intend to shoot. Always keep your finger away from the trigger of any weapon until you intend to shoot.

14 WEAPON SAFETY (cont.) Know your target and what’s behind it.
Avoid all horseplay around weapons Know how the weapon operates Be sure your weapon and ammunition are compatible Wear eye and ear protection as appropriate Never handle weapons when you are under the influence of alcohol or medication. (Energy Drinks) Pregnant or Breast feeding?

15 CLASSROOM SAFETY Do not point the weapon at yourself or others during weapons handling exercises. Handle the pistol only when told to do so. Don't get ahead of the instructor and don't anticipate instructions. If at any time you don't understand the instructions, ASK QUESTIONS!

16 WEAPONS ISSUE

17 WEAPONS ISSUE Proceed to Issue Window Sign for and receive weapon
Proceed directly back to classroom Place weapon on table and await further instructions

18 CLEARING, LOADING, RELOADING

19 CLEARING/UNLOADING PROCEDURES
1 - Place on SAFE 3

20 CLEARING/UNLOADING PROCEDURES
2 – Depress MAGAZINE CATCH and Remove MAGAZINE 1 3

21 CLEARING/UNLOADING PROCEDURES
3 - Inspect CHAMBER for ammunition or brass -- Lock SLIDE to the rear, if not already back --- Pull slide rearward --- Engage slide catch

22 DESCRIPTION SEMIAUTOMATIC MAGAZINE FED RECOIL OPERATED
SINGLE & DOUBLE ACTION 9 x 19MM NATO

23 CHARACTERISTICS Manufacturer Beretta USA
Weight Unloaded: 34 oz Loaded: 41 oz Length inches Maximum effective range meters Maximum range ,800 meters Muzzle energy foot pounds Muzzle velocity ,230 feet per second Magazine capacity rounds

24 NOMENCLATURE

25 NOMENCLATURE (1) Slide (2) Barrel (3) Firing Pin Block (4) Safety
(5) Grips (6) Magazine Catch (7) Receiver (8) Disassembly Lever (9) Hammer (10) Slide Stop (Release) 10

26 NOMENCLATURE Extractor/Loaded Chamber Indicator Disassembly Button
Trigger Lanyard Loop

27 NOMENCLATURE Rear Sight Front Sight Tang Trigger Guard Magazine Well

28 AMMUNITION

29 AMMUNITION BALL, M-882, NATO 124 grain copper jacketed lead bullet
Basic cartridge for field use Primer water proofed

30 AMMUNITION (Cont) HOLLOW POINT MK 243 Mod 0
CONUS Law Enforcement Activities Where not prohibited by Geneva Convention Not authorized for mobility use Consult JAG for specific guidance

31 AMMUNITION (Cont) FRANGIBLE MK 254 Mod 0 Primary Training Round
Lead-free projectile and primer

32 AMMUNITION DUMMY Holes drilled in case No primer
Used for training and Combat Arms maintenance only

33 CARE, HANDLING, & STORAGE
Don’t open until needed Protect from oil, moisture, sand, & sun Protect primer Check for dents in casings

34 SAFETY FEATURES 2 3 1 MANUAL DECOCKING LEVER (1) FIRING PIN BLOCK (2)
HALF COCK POSITION (3) 2 3 1

35 ACTION MODES DOUBLE ACTION MODE Hammer is Forward
Has longer trigger pull SINGLE ACTION MODE Hammer is locked back Has shorter trigger pull

36 OPERATOR MAINTENANCE

37 DISASSEMBLY

38 DISASSEMBLY 1 2 CLEAR THE PISTOL SLIDE (1) FORWARD
PRESS DISASSEMBLY BUTTON (2) 2

39 DISASSEMBLY ROTATE THE DISASSEMBLY LEVER (3) DOWNWARD 1 1 3

40 DISASSEMBLY 1 PULL SLIDE AND BARREL ASSEMBLY (4) FORWARD 4
CAUTION: DO NOT DRY FIRE PISTOL 4

41 DISASSEMBLY CAUTION: UNDER SPRING TENSION 7 6
COMPRESS RECOIL SPRING GUIDE AND RECOIL SPRING (5) CAUTION: UNDER SPRING TENSION 5 7 6

42 DISASSEMBLY Push locking block plunger (6) while pushing barrel (7) forward slightly Lift and remove locking block (8) and barrel assembly (9) from slide (10) 6 7

43 MAGAZINE DISASSEMBLY 1 Use locking block plunger; press in
hole (1), slide floor plate off CAUTION: UNDER SPRING TENSION

44 MAGAZINE NOMENCLATURE
2 BASEPLATE: (1) FOLLOWER: (2) FOLLOWER SPRING: (3) TUBE: (4) FEED LIPS: (5) 1 3 4 5

45 CLEANING PROCEDURES

46 CLEANING

47 CLEANING

48 CLEANING

49 CLEANING 1

50 INSPECTION

51 INSPECTION SLIDE ASSEMBLY BARREL ASSEMBLY - Chips, cracks, and burrs
- Ambidextrous safety - Rear sight BARREL ASSEMBLY - Bore, chamber, and locking block - Cracks, burrs, rust, pitting

52 INSPECTION RECOIL SPRING AND GUIDE - Straightness
- Cracks, burrs, and rust RECEIVER ASSEMBLY - Chips, cracks, and burrs - Free movement - Excessive wear

53 MAGAZINE INSPECTION 1 2 3 4 3 4 5 BASEPLATE: (1) damage and cracks
FOLLOWER: (2) damage, cracks & burrs SPRING: (3) damage, cracks, and kinks TUBE: (4) Check for bent or dirty LIPS: (5) Check for bends, cracks & burrs 1 2 3 4 3 4 5

54 LUBRICATION

55 LUBRICATION LUBRICATION TYPES: CLP, LSA, AND LAW
DO NOT INTERCHANGE CLP AND LSA DO NOT USE EXCESSIVE LUBRICANT APPLY A THIN LIGHT COAT CLIMATE / ACTIVITY DICTATES AMOUNT OF LUBRICANT

56 UNUSUAL CONDITIONS EXTREME COLD HOT, WET HOT, DRY HEAVY RAIN & FORDING

57 ASSEMBLE WEAPON

58 FUNCTION CHECK

59 FUNCTION CHECK CLEAR WEAPON RELEASE SLIDE--INSERT EMPTY MAGAZINE
RETRACT SLIDE--SHOULD LOCK BACK REMOVE MAGAZINE

60 FUNCTION CHECK ON SAFE, RELEASE SLIDE FORWARD HAMMER SHOULD FALL FORWARD PRESS & RELEASE TRIGGER--FIRING PIN BLOCK SHOULD MOVE UP AND DOWN PLACE ON FIRE (ROTATE UP) PRESS TRIGGER--WEAPON SHOULD DRY FIRE DOUBLE ACTION

61 FUNCTION CHECK PRESS TRIGGER AGAIN & HOLD TO REAR
RETRACT & RELEASE SLIDE RELEASE TRIGGER--SHOULD CLICK & HAMMER NOT FALL FORWARD PRESS TRIGGER--SINGLE ACTION, HAMMER SHOULD FALL FORWARD

62 DESTRUCTION OF WEAPON (TO PREVENT ENEMY USE)

63 METHODS OF DESTRUCTION
MECHANICAL BURNING DEMOLITION DISPOSAL GUNFIRE MAY USE A COMBINATION OF ALL METHODS LOCAL COMMANDER’S DECISION

64 LOADING THE MAGAZINE 2 3 Hold magazine (1)
Place cartridge (2) on the follower (3) in front of the lips (4) Press down and slide cartridge rearward 2 3 Round to Round, Flat to Flat

65 LOADING THE PISTOL (With the slide to the rear)
START WITH CLEARED WEAPON 1 - Insert MAGAZINE (1) into receiver 2 - Depress SLIDE STOP (3) 3 - Place SAFETY (4) on FIRE (UP) 3 1 3 2 1

66 CLEARING BARREL PROCEDURES

67 CLEARING BARREL PROCEDURES
Wait behind line until told to proceed Insert Weapon in clearing barrel Load/Unload/Clear Weapon under supervision

68 LOADING THE PISTOL (With the slide forward, on safe, chamber empty)
Start with weapon on safe, slide forward, chamber empty 1 - Insert MAGAZINE into receiver 3 1 1

69 LOADING THE PISTOL (With the slide forward, on safe, chamber empty)(Cont)
2. Retract and release slide This will place a round into the chamber 2

70 LOADING THE PISTOL (With the slide forward, on safe, chamber empty) (Cont)
3. Place the weapon to the (FIRE) position 3

71 Reloading COVER! Remove Empty Magazine Insert New Magazine
Release Slide Continue to FIRE

72 RELOADING THE PISTOL 1 RAPID RELOAD
1 - Press magazine catch button, allow magazine to fall. 1

73 RELOADING THE PISTOL RAPID RELOAD 2- Insert New Magazine 2

74 RELOADING THE PISTOL RAPID RELOAD 3- Depress Slide Stop 3

75 RELOADING THE PISTOL TACTICAL (COMBAT) RELOAD
1 - Retrieve magazine from pouch. 2 - Press magazine catch button and remove magazine from receiver, retain magazine.

76 RELOADING THE PISTOL TACTICAL(COMBAT) RELOAD (CONT)
3 - Insert new magazine into receiver. 4 - Place magazine removed from weapon in pocket or pouch. Weapon is never allowed to become empty

77 UNLOADING THE PISTOL SAME AS CLEARING SAFETY MAGAZINE CHAMBER

78 CLEARING BARREL PROCEDURES
Wait behind line until told to proceed Insert Weapon in clearing barrel Load/Unload/Clear Weapon under supervision

79 MALFUNCTIONS, STOPPAGES, & IMMEDIATE ACTION

80 DEFINITIONS & EXAMPLES
STOPPAGE - ANY INTERRUPTION IN THE CYCLE OF OPERATION. A STOPPAGE MAY OR MAY NOT BE CAUSED BY THE WEAPON FUNCTIONING IMPROPERLY MALFUNCTION - A FAILURE OF THE WEAPON TO FUNCTION PROPERLY. A MALFUNCTION CAN USUALLY BE PINPOINTED TO SPECIFIC PART BREAKAGE OR EXCESSIVE WEAR

81 IMMEDIATE ACTION The unhesitating action taken by the shooter to clear a stoppage without investigating the cause

82 IMMEDIATE ACTIONS 1. Ensure the weapon is not on SAFE and press trigger again

83 IMMEDIATE ACTIONS 2. Ensure the magazine is seated (TAP)

84 IMMEDIATE ACTIONS 3. Retract and release slide (RACK)

85 IMMEDIATE ACTIONS 4. Attempt to fire (FIRE)

86 REMEDIAL ACTION (investigate cause of stoppage)
1. Clear weapon 2. Reload and attempt to fire 3. Still doesn’t work 4. Replace weapon, turn in to CATM

87 SUMMARY CLASSROOM PROCEDURES SAFETY CHARACTERISTICS NOMENCLATURE
AMMUNITION METHODS OF DESTRUCTION OPERATOR MAINTENANCE LOADING, UNLOADING, & RELOADING STOPPAGES & MALFUNCTIONS IMMEDIATE ACTION PROCEDURES

88 PERIOD II - PREPARATORY MARKSMANSHIP

89 PERIOD II. OVERVIEW POSITIONS FUNDAMENTALS FOUR STAGE DRAW
RECOVERY TO HOLSTER FIELD TARGET ENGAGEMENT RELOADING TACTICS COURSE OF FIRE

90 POSITIONS

91 WEAVER STANCE Feet shoulder width apart
Strong side foot slightly to rear ( inches) Strong side arm straight out Weak elbow bent toward ground Neck and head erect

92 WEAVER READY Same body position as Weaver Stance
Lower weapon inches Both eyes open, watching target area Preparatory and Recovery position Excellent position for tactical movement

93 WEAVER READY This is also a ‘READY’ position

94 Isosceles Feet shoulder width apart Toes Pointed straight at target
Having two equal sides: an isosceles triangle. Feet shoulder width apart Toes Pointed straight at target Arms Straight (Elbows Locked or almost locked) Neck and head erect

95 Isosceles Feet shoulder width apart Toes Pointed straight at target
Having two equal sides: an isosceles triangle. Feet shoulder width apart Toes Pointed straight at target Arms Straight (Elbows Locked or almost locked) Neck and head erect

96 BARRICADE STANDING Right Side Left Side

97 OVER BARRICADE Place Forearms on Barricade
Kick back leg out to look down sights

98 OVER BARRICADE

99 KNEELING BARRICADE Kneel – Behind Barricade - Taking Cover to RELOAD
Once Reload is Complete – Use side of barricade for support Fire from the kneeling position

100 KNEELING BARRICADE

101 FUNDAMENTALS

102 PISTOL FUNDAMENTALS GRIP AIMING SIGHT ALIGNMENT SIGHT PICTURE
BREATH CONTROL TRIGGER PRESS FOLLOW THROUGH

103 STANDARD GRIP

104 OPTIONAL GRIP

105 CUP AND SAUCER

106 SIGHT ALIGNMENT

107 SIGHT PICTURE FOCUS ON FRONT SIGHT TARGET WILL BE BLURRY!!

108 SIGHT PICTURE FOCUS ON FRONT SIGHT OSAMA WILL BE BLURRY!!

109 BREATH CONTROL Breath control, single target. SQUEEZE TRIGGER IN OUT
NATURAL RESPIRATORY PAUSE HOLD BREATH SHOOT

110 TRIGGER PRESS CONTINUOUS PRESSURE TO REAR, WITHOUT DISTURBING SIGHT PICTURE DON’T TIGHTEN GRIP CONTINUE TO ADJUST SIGHTS, TO MAINTAIN PROPER ALIGNMENT (INTEGRATED ACT OF FIRING) THIS FUNDAMENTAL CAUSES THE MOST ERRORS! COMMON SHOOTER ERROR

111 FOLLOW THROUGH DURING RECOIL, MENTALLY PREPARE FOR NEXT SHOT
RETURN TO SAME POSITION REMAIN ON TARGET FINGER ON TRIGGER

112 FOUR STAGE DRAW

113 FIELD INTERVIEW STANCE
Face the target Body turned at a 45-degree angle, with your weapon side away from your target Stand with feet shoulder width apart Both hands at waist level orientated towards your target

114 FOUR STAGE DRAW Stage - 1 = GRAB Stage - 2 = DRAW (Strong Hand Grip)
Stage - 3 = SMACK (Support hand grip) Stage - 4 = LOOK & PRESS (Fundamentals-) Smooth will become FAST

115 RECOVERY TO HOLSTER Stay ON TARGET, sights aligned, ready to fire for at least 2 seconds Lower hammer, move safety back to fire (DECOCK) and go to Weaver Ready position Survey the area for threats At least 4 seconds Return weapon to holster without taking eyes off target

116 FIELD TARGET ENGAGEMENT
Combine SPEED with ACCURACY Double Tap Single Targets Multiple Target Engagement Use of Cover Limited Visibility Techniques

117 LIMITED VISIBILITY Line up the dots or “dot the I” using dots on sights Focus on light and then move sights to target

118 NIGHT FIRING Line up sights on light source Move sights on to target

119 COURSE OF FIRE

120 M-9 Pistol Course of Fire (Practice Phase)
Position Rounds Time Distance 1. Weaver Stance 6(3, 1 shot strings 1, 3 shot string) N/A 7 meters 2. Weaver 6(2, 3 shot strings) 10 Sec 3. Right Barricade (3 &3 rapid reload) 15 meters 4. Left

121 M-9 Pistol Course of Fire (Practice Phase)
Position Rounds Time Distance 5. Weaver Stance 15(5, 3 shot strings) 10 sec 15 meters 6. Over Barricade / 6(1, 6 shot string) 25 sec 25 meters Kneeling Barricade 3 shots over barricade, 3 shots kneeling barricade 45 Total rounds for Practice Phase

122 M-9 Pistol Course of Fire (Qualification Phase)
Position Rounds Time Distance 1. Weaver Stance 6(2, 3 shot strings) 8 sec per string 7 meters 2. Right Side Barricade 10 sec per string 15 meters 3. Weaver Stance w/ kneeling reload 4. Strong Side 6(3 and 3 rapid reload) 9(3, 3 shot strings) 10 sec per string 25 sec

123 M-9 Pistol Course of Fire (Qualification Phase)
Position Rounds Time Distance 5. Strong Side Barricade 6(3 and 3 rapid reload / behind cover) 25 sec 15 meters 6. Left Side 6(2, 3 shot strings) 10 sec per string 7. Over Barricade / Kneeling 6(1, 6 shot string 3 over barricade / 3 kneeling) 25 meters 45 Total Rounds for Qualification 90 Total Rounds for Entire Course

124 QUALIFICATION REQUIREMENTS
QUALIFIED: 35 HITS ANYWHERE ON SILHOUETTE EXPERT: 41 HITS 25 w/in 10” Circle, 6 w/in 6” Circle

125 SUMMARY POSITIONS FUNDAMENTALS FOUR STAGE DRAW RECOVERY TO HOLSTER
FIELD TARGET ENGAGEMENT RELOADING TACTICS COURSE OF FIRE

126 LET’S SHOOT

127 42d Security Forces Squadron
Combat Arms Section Maxwell Air Force Base Alabama


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