Fun Facts About Frogs Where Do You Find Frogs? Frogs can be found everywhere on earth except Antarctica, with almost 5,000 known species. Most frogs do not live in the water, only near it. Female frogs are hard to find as they are silent most of the time.
Toads vs. Frogs Frogs need to live near water, but toads do not. Frogs have eyes that are set higher, are rounder, and bulge out of their head. Toads have eyes that are set lower on their head and are shaped like a football. Frogs have smooth skin that is moist and looks slick. Toads have dry skin with bumps on it. Frogs jump high and long. Toads will not jump, but only hop or actually run if they have to. Frogs have many predators, but the skin of a toad has a bitter taste and scent that burns the nose and eyes of anything that bites it.
Frog Eyes Frog eyes bulge outward to enable them to see in all directions, though their eyes appear to stare blankly. Frogs can retract their eyes and when they do, they bulge inward in their mouths and help them swallow their food. Some frogs have a patch on top of their heads which is like a third eye. It reacts to light to aid the frog in navigation. Frogs also have a third eyelid which helps protect their eyes underwater and keeps them moist on land. A frog can only see moving things. It could literally starve to death with live prey in front of it if the prey never moved.
What Do Frogs Eat? Frogs are carnivores, meaning they eat meat. The largest of frogs eat snakes, turtles, mice, chicks, bats, and even smaller frogs. Small frogs eat insects like flies, mosquitoes, and dragon flies, but they will also eat snails, worms, small fish, and spiders. Frogs don’t drink water the way we do, but absorb it through their skin. Some frogs have places on their bellies which also absorb water. Some frog species have teeth to help them hold their live prey, but they do not chew. Frogs who have no tongues use their fingers to catch prey and put it into their mouths.
Fun Butterfly Facts Butterflies are insects. A butterfly’s lifecycle is made up of four parts, egg, larva (caterpillars), pupa (chrysalis) and adult. Butterflies attach their eggs to leaves with a special glue. Most caterpillars are plant eaters (herbivores).
Fun Butterfly Facts Fully grown caterpillars attach themselves to a suitable twig or leaf before shedding their outside layer of skin to reveal a hard skin underneath known as a chrysalis. An adult butterfly will eventually emerge from the chrysalis where it will wait a few hours for its wings to fill with blood and dry, before flying for the first time. Butterflies can live in the adult stage from anywhere between a week and a year, depending on the species. Butterflies have four wings.
Fun Butterfly Facts Butterflies often have brightly coloured wings with unique patterns made up of tiny scales. Most butterflies feed on nectar from flowers. Butterflies taste receptors are on their feet. Scientists estimate that there are between 15000 and 20000 different species of butterfly. Birdwing butterflies have large, angular wings and fly in a similar way to birds. Monarch butterflies are known for their long migration. Every year monarch butterflies will travel a great distance (sometimes over 4000 km), females will lay eggs and a new generation of monarchs will travel back, completing the cycle.