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The myth of ‘potential’ Jacob Burke Natural Resources Department FAO AGRICULTURAL WATER MANAGEMENT IN AFRICA.

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Presentation on theme: "The myth of ‘potential’ Jacob Burke Natural Resources Department FAO AGRICULTURAL WATER MANAGEMENT IN AFRICA."— Presentation transcript:

1 The myth of ‘potential’ Jacob Burke Natural Resources Department FAO AGRICULTURAL WATER MANAGEMENT IN AFRICA

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4 Evolution of irrigation and water managed areas in Africa Full/partial control (1) Spate irrigation (2) Equipped lowlands (3) Non-equipped cultivated wetland and inland valley bottoms (4) Non-equipped flood recession (5) Year million ha million ha Year million ha million ha ha (81%) ha (4%) ha (1%) ha (7%) ha (7%) ha (80%) ha (3%) ha (4%) ha (7%) ha (6%) Irrigation = (1)+(2)+(3) Water management = (1)+(2)+(3)+(4)+(5) The Africa Aquastat Survey 2005

5 Annual increase in areas under irrigation Rate of annual increase (%) Northern Africa0.67 Sub-Saharan Africa1.17 Africa0.88 CAADP annual increase proposal: 1.3% for large irrigation 3.5% for small-scale irrigation Yet, only 30% of area under irrigation had a growth rate of more than 1.3% per year between 1992 and Only 9% of the area grew at 3.5% per year.

6 The Food Import Bills AFRICA Mean MeanMin.Max.Var. (%) Per Cap. Cons.(Cal/Day) Imp. Cal.(Cal/Day) Imp. Dep. Ratio (% Cal Basis) Imp. Dep. Ratio (% Val Basis) Gross Food Imp. Bill (US$m) Comm. Food Imp. Bill (US$m) Value Food Aid (US$m) Comm. Unit Cost (US$/1000 cals) Comm. Food Import Bill/GDP(%) Comm. Fd. Imp./Merch. Imp.(%) Comm. Fd. Imp./Merch. Exp.(%) Agric. Exp. Earnings (US$m) 8,75611,71514,35714,82512,06917, Agric Net Trade (US$m) Trade Weight Imp. Unit Val (US$) Trade Weight Exp. Unit Val (US$) Real Comm. Food Imp. Bill (US$m) Real Agric. Exp. Earnings (US$m) Real Agric. Imp. Bill (US$m) Real Trade Weight Imp. Unit Val (US$) Real Trade Weight Exp. Unit Val (US$)

7 Africa food import and trade trends

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10 THANK YOU


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