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MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Server Administration (Exam #70-646) Chapter 3 Configuring the Windows Server 2008 Environment.

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Presentation on theme: "MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Server Administration (Exam #70-646) Chapter 3 Configuring the Windows Server 2008 Environment."— Presentation transcript:

1 MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Server Administration (Exam #70-646) Chapter 3 Configuring the Windows Server 2008 Environment

2 MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646) 2 Learning Objectives Use Server Manager and ServerManagerCmd.exe to manage a server Install and remove server roles Configure server hardware Configure the operating system Understand and configure the Registry

3 Learning Objectives (cont’d.) Use the Security Configuration Wizard to harden a server Install and use Windows PowerShell MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646) 3

4 Using Server Manager Server Manager –Consolidates administrative functions Roles Summary feature –Displays log information Two panels –Left panel – Roles, Features, Diagnostics, Configuration, torage –Right panel – Server Summary, Roles Summary, Features Summary, Resources and Support MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646) 4

5 MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646) 5 Figure 3-1 Server Manager window Courtesy Course Technology/Cengage Learning

6 Using Server Manager (cont’d.) Actions panel –Shown when drilling-down into functions Activity 3-1: Getting to Know Server Manager –Objective: Learn how to start and use Server Manager MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646) 6

7 MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646) 7 Figure 3-2 Starting Server Manager Courtesy Course Technology/Cengage Learning

8 Installing and Removing Server Roles Common roles –File server –Print server Roles change over time Activity 3-2: Installing and Removing Two Server Roles –Objective: Install and then remove the File Services and Print Services roles in Windows Server 2008 MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646) 8

9 Using ServerManagerCmd.exe ServerManagerCmd.exe –Command-line tool for managing server roles –Manage features to be added/removed –Run parameters in XML answer file MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646) 9

10 Using ServerManagerCmd.exe (cont’d.) Activities supported by ServerManagerCmd.exe: –Install and remove roles or features –Determine installed roles and features –Use whatif option –Restart computer –Specify features to install with role –Use XML-based answer file to install or remove roles MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646) 10

11 Using ServerManagerCmd.exe (cont’d.) Executed from command line –Access Command Prompt window from Administrator account –Roles and features identified by IDs Activity 3-3: Running ServerManagerCmd.exe –Objective: Use the ServerManagerCmd.exe command to install and query server roles MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646) 11

12 Using ServerManagerCmd.exe (cont’d.) MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646) 12 Table 3-1 ServerManagerCmd.exe options

13 Using ServerManagerCmd.exe (cont’d.) MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646) 13 Table 3-2 Major IDs for server roles

14 Configuring Server Hardware Devices Both Plug and Play and Add Hardware Wizard used Hardware includes: –Disk drives –Disk controllers –Network adapters –CD/DVD drives –Keyboard –Pointing devices –Monitor MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646) 14

15 Plug and Play Ability to automatically detect and configure newly installed hardware devices PnP must be –Built into device –Enabled in BIOS –Built into operating system kernel Almost universally supported MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646) 15

16 Using Control Panel and the Add Hardware Wizard Use Add Hardware Wizard –Manually launch PnP –Manually install without PnP –Troubleshoot problems with existing hardware Start from Control Panel –Control Panel Home vs. Classic View –In Classic View: Double-click Add Hardware applet MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646) 16

17 MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646) 17 Figure 3-4 Selecting the Add Hardware applet to start the Add Hardware Wizard Courtesy Course Technology/Cengage Learning

18 Using Control Panel and the Add Hardware Wizard (cont’d.) Device Manager –Resources include interrupt request (IRQ) line, I/O address, and reserved memory range –Resource conflicts can occur –Use Device Manager to check for conflicts and examine properties MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646) 18

19 Using Control Panel and the Add Hardware Wizard (cont’d.) –Other uses: Verify if installed hardware is working properly Update device drivers Disable a device Uninstall a device Configure the settings for a device –Activity 3-4: Resolving a Resource Conflict Objective: Use Device Manager to resolve a resource conflict MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646) 19

20 Using Control Panel and the Add Hardware Wizard (cont’d.) MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646) 20 Figure 3-5 Device Manager Courtesy Course Technology/Cengage Learning

21 Using Control Panel and the Add Hardware Wizard (cont’d.) Driver Signing –Digital signature used to verify a driver –Warning when driver device not signed –Unsigned device drivers cannot be loaded in x64 versions Using the System File Checker –Scan system files for integrity –Activity 3-5: Manually Running the System File Checker Objective: Use the System File Checker to verify system files MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646) 21

22 Using Control Panel and the Add Hardware Wizard (cont’d.) MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646) 22 Figure 3-6 Running System File Checker Courtesy Course Technology/Cengage Learning

23 Using Control Panel and the Add Hardware Wizard (cont’d.) Using Sigverif to Verify System and Critical Files –Only scans files –Does not overwrite inappropriate files –Activity 3-6: Verifying Critical Files for a Signature Objective: Use Sigverif to find unsigned files MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646) 23

24 Using Control Panel and the Add Hardware Wizard (cont’d.) MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646) 24 Figure 3-7 Scanning with Sigverif Courtesy Course Technology/Cengage Learning

25 Configuring the Operating System Configure to: –Optimize performance –Meet specific requirements MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646) 25

26 Configuring Performance Options Basic areas: –Processor scheduling and memory usage –Virtual memory –Memory for network performance Configuring Processor Scheduling and Data Execution Prevention –Background services –Programs –Data Execution Prevention (DEP) MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646) 26

27 Configuring Performance Options –Activity 3-7: Configuring Processor Scheduling and DEP MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646) 27 Figure 3-9 Configuring Data Execution Prevention Courtesy Course Technology/Cengage Learning

28 Configuring Performance Options (cont’d.) Configuring Virtual Memory –Virtual memory –Paging –Paging file Location –Activity 3-8: Configuring the Paging File Objective: Learn where to configure the initial and maximum size of the paging file MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646) 28

29 Configuring Performance Options (cont’d.) MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646) 29 Figure 3-10 Configuring virtual memory Courtesy Course Technology/Cengage Learning

30 Configuring Performance Options (cont’d.) Configuring Direct Memory Access for Hard Disks –Transfer modes: Program Input/Output (PIO) and Direct Memory Access (DMA) –Activity 3-9: Configuring the DMA Transfer Mode Objective: Determine the transfer mode used by a hard drive and set it to DMA, if necessary MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646) 30

31 Configuring Environment Variables Tell operating system where to find programs, allocate memory, and control programs Categories –System environment variables –User environment variables Activity 3-10: Configuring System and Environment Variables –Objective: Learn where to configure system and user environment variables MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646) 31

32 Configuring Startup and Recovery System startup options: –Default operating system –Display list of operating systems –Display list of recovery options System failure options: –Writing to system log (cannot be disabled) –Start automatically after failure –How and where to write debugging information MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646) 32

33 Configuring Startup and Recovery (cont’d.) Activity 3-11: Configuring Startup and Recovery –Objective: Configure startup and recovery options MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646) 33 Figure 3-12 Configuring a system startup option Courtesy Course Technology/Cengage Learning

34 Configuring Power Options Select power plan Require wakeup password Choose power button function –Shut down, do nothing, or hibernate Create power plan When to turn off display Activity 3-12: Configuring Power Options –Objective: Configure the balanced power plan MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646) 34

35 Configuring Power Options (cont’d.) MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646) 35 Figure 3-13 Power Options dialog box Courtesy Course Technology/Cengage Learning

36 Installing a Protocol Microsoft Virtual Network Switch Protocol –Used when Hyper-V role installed Reliable Multicast Protocol –Used for multimedia transmissions Activity 3-13: Installing a Protocol –Objective: Learn to install a protocol MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646) 36

37 Installing a Protocol (cont’d.) MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646) 37 Figure 3-14 Selecting to install a protocol Courtesy Course Technology/Cengage Learning

38 Understanding the Windows Server 2008 Registry Windows Server 2008 Registry –Database containing information for operating system –Examples of data in Registry Registry Editor –Lunched from Start button Run option –Type regedit32 or regedit MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646) 38

39 Understanding the Windows Server 2008 Registry (cont’d.) MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646) 39 Figure 3-15 Registry Editor Courtesy Course Technology/Cengage Learning

40 Understanding the Windows Server 2008 Registry (cont’d.) Precautions when editing Registry –Establish group of administrators who can access and modify Remove this permission from other users –Edit Registry as last resort –Back up Registry regularly –Never copy Registry from one computer to another MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646) 40

41 Registry Contents Hierarchical structure –Keys –Subkeys –Entries Root keys (subtrees): –HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE –HKEY_CURRENT_USER –HKEY_USERS –HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT –HKEY_CURRENT_CONFIG MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646) 41

42 HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE Information on every hardware component in the server Subkeys: –BCD , COMPONENTS, HARDWARE, SAM, SECURITY, SOFTWARE, and SYSTEM Hives –Set of subkeys with related information MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646) 42

43 HKEY_CURRENT_USER Contains information about desktop setup –For account presently logged on to server console Example changes: –Environment parameter governing where application temporary files are stored –Delay in the response of the keyboard MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646) 43

44 HKEY_USERS Contains profile information for each user who has logged onto the computer Each profile listed under root key MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646) 44

45 HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT Holds data to associate file extensions with programs –Used as defaults for all users who log on to Windows Server 2008 Can modify for particular user under HKEY_USERS MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646) 45

46 HKEY_CURRENT_CONFIG Information about the current hardware profile Only one default hardware profile on most servers Activity 3-14: Using the Registry Editor –Objective: Practice using the Registry Editor to view the Registry contents MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646) 46

47 Using the Security Configuration Wizard Analyze and configure security settings Adjusts security settings to match roles Establish security policy using: –GUI interactive wizard –Database –Command-line tool scwcmd Activity 3-15: Using SCW to Configure a Security Policy –Objective: Create a new security policy MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646) 47

48 Using the Security Configuration Wizard (cont’d.) MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646) 48 Figure 3-18 Creating a new security policy Courtesy Course Technology/Cengage Learning

49 Using the Security Configuration Wizard (cont’d.) Activity 3-16: Using scwcmd –Objective: View security policy settings using the scwcmd command-line command MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646) 49 Table 3-3 scwcmd command-line options

50 Windows PowerShell Script –File of commands cmdlets –Specialized commands for completing common tasks in PowerShell PowerShell tasks Installing PowerShell Activity 3-17: Using Windows PowerShell –Objective: Use traditional Command Prompt commands and cmdlets in Windows PowerShell MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646) 50

51 Summary Server Manager –Tool used to install and remove roles, features, and other administrative functions –Command line-version of Server Manager ServerManagerCmd.exe Tune performance by configuring processor scheduling, memory use, and virtual memory Configure power options Control Panel used to install and uninstall protocols MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646) 51

52 Summary (cont’d.) Registry database –Holds information for Windows system –Organized by keys, subkeys, and entries Security Configuration Wizard analyzes security options for installed roles Windows PowerShell –Used to manage server with commands, cmdlets, and scripts MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646) 52


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