Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

IRAQ Operationalizing Equity MICS Analysis & Dissemination Workshop, Belgrade Nov 2011 Multidimensional Deprivation Analysis.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "IRAQ Operationalizing Equity MICS Analysis & Dissemination Workshop, Belgrade Nov 2011 Multidimensional Deprivation Analysis."— Presentation transcript:

1 IRAQ Operationalizing Equity MICS Analysis & Dissemination Workshop, Belgrade Nov 2011 Multidimensional Deprivation Analysis

2 IRAQ Mapping Child Deprivation Multidimensional Analysis UNICEF Iraq Country Office - December 2011

3 IRAQ Mapping Child Well-being Life-Cycle Multidimensional Analysis UNICEF Iraq Country Office - December 2011 Erbil AlAnbar AlBasrah AlSulaymaniyah AlQadissiya AlMuthanna Babil Baghdad Dahuk Najaf Diyala Thi-Qar SalahAdDin Kerbala Kirkuk Missan Ninewa Wassit

4 Purpose and Structure of Presentation Purpose: To present Iraq methodology and results for Equity Analysis using MICS dataset. Structure: 1.Conceptual Framework 2.Quantitative Methodology 3.Overall Results 4.Profiles of Deprivation Groups 5.Patterns & Overlapping Deprivation 6.Proximity and geography of deprivations 7.Target achievement 8.Next Steps 4

5 Conceptual Framework

6 Objectives of the Methodology 1)Build quantitative analysis on a clear conceptual framework founded on CRC, MDG, WFFC and Iraq’s context 2)Operationalise UNICEF´s global equity focus 3)Accurately identify the most deprived children (and their deprivation patterns) without ignoring less deprived ones 4)Obtain results easily understandable and communicable to stakeholders 5)Provides an equity-focused quantitative assessment for Iraq’s Situation Analysis (SitAn) 6

7 UNICEF Equity Focus Human Development Report (HDR) 2010: The past 20 years have seen substantial progress in many aspects of human development and achievement of MDG targets. However, these years have also seen extreme inequality in progress - both within and across countries- and this is identified as a powerful brake on accelerated progress towards the MDGs. Definition of Child Equity: equal opportunities for all children to survive, develop and reach their full potential without discrimination, bias or favouritism. Why Equity? 1.Right in Principle: moral imperative to respond to most disadvantaged and in-need children 2.Right in Logic: accelerates development towards attainment of national development targets 3.Right in Practice: Brings higher returns to investments in improving children’s lives 7

8 Iraq Equity Analysis Guiding Principles 1.Manifestations of Child Rights Violations: Deprivations faced by a child flag a violation of one or more of his/her rights. 2.Multiple Deprivations: Children face multiple deprivations, interconnected and often caused by common causes. “When sorrows come, they come not single spies. But in battalions”. 3.Life-cycle Stages: Children have different needs during the different stages of their lives – an infant requires different care than an adolescent. 4.Intra-stage and Inter-stage effect: The more deprivations a child faces, the worse the child’s situation will be both within a life-cycle stage and over stages 5.Spill-over effect: By reaching the most deprived children, the less deprived may be expected to benefit from an overall improvement in conditions. 6.International Standards & Context: selection and definition of dimension and deprivation thresholds through (1) CRC, MDG, WFFC (2) availability of data in MICS (3) critical issues at each stage of the child's life (4) adaptation to country context (Iraq) 8

9 Issue vs Child Centred Approaches Out of School Child Labour Ahmed ManalSahar ManalAmina Manal Ahmed Amina Sahar Issue Centred 30% Deprived 20% Deprived Child Centred All ok (60%) 1 Deprivation 30%) 2 Deprivations (10%) Out of School Child Labour 9

10 Out of SchoolChild Labour Violent Discipline Unsafe Water No Improved Sanitation Child-Centred Approach A Child-Centred Approach is concerned with multiple overlapping deprivations. Instead of taking each indicator and measuring every relevant child; take every child and measure him and her against every relevant indicator. Ahmed Sahar Mohamm ed Amina Issa Manal Hewa Muna Sadiq Sulafa XXX X X X XX X X XX X X X X 10

11 Child-Centred Approach: Equal Rights No child has any deprivation! What does a child-centred approach mean for Equity? 11

12 Child-Centred Approach: 1 Indicator Out of School: All ok (80% of Population) 1 Deprivation (20%) 2 children out of the 10 are out of school. 12

13 Child-Centred Approach: 2 Indicators Out of School: Child Labour: All ok (60% of Population) 1 Deprivation (30%)2 Deprivations (10%) 3 children out of the 10 are involved in child labour. 13

14 Child-Centred Approach: 3 Indicators Out of School: Child Labour: Violent Discipline: All ok (50% of Population) 1 Deprivation (20%)2 Deprivations (20%)3 Deprivations (10%) 4 children out of the 10 suffer violent discipline. 14

15 Child-Centred Approach: 4 Indicators Out of School: Child Labour: Violent Discipline: Unsafe Water All ok (50% of Population) 1 Deprivation (20%)3 Deprivations (20%) 4 Deprivations (10%) 3 children out of the 10 have unsafe water. 15

16 Child-Centred Approach: 5 Indicators Out of School: Child Labour: Violent Discipline: Unsafe Water No Improved Sanitation All ok (40% of Population) 1 Deprivation (30%)4 Deprivations (20%)5 Deprivations (10%) 4 children out of the 10 don’t have improved sanitation. 16

17 Child-Centred Measure of Inequity Best off 40% of all children Have no deprivations Middle 30% of all children Have only 1 deprivation Worst 30% of all children Have 4 or more deprivations 17 All ok (40% of Population) 1 Deprivation (30%)4 Deprivations (20%)5 Deprivations (10%)

18 Quantitative Methodology

19 Water Sanitation Maternal Care Child Care Nutrition Violent Discipline Access to Information Child Labour Schooling Access to Information Female Genital Mutilation Child Marriage Birth & Early Childhood (0-59 mo) Middle Childhood (5-14 yr) Late Adolescence (15-17 yr) Motherhood Violent Discipline Schooling Children Life-Cycle

20 Birth & Early Childhood (0-59 mo) Middle Childhood (5-14 yr) Late Adolescence (15-17 yr) Motherhood Shelter Water & Sanitation Maternal Care Child Care Nutrition Violent Discipline Access to Information Child Labour Schooling Access to Information Female Genital Mutilation Child Marriage Violent Discipline Schooling Children Life-Cycle (0-17 years) UNICEF Iraq Country Office - December 2011

21 Water Sanitation Maternal Care Child Care Nutrition Violent Discipline Birth & Early Childhood (0-59 mo) DimensionIndicatorsModerateSevere Maternal Care * Antenatal care coverage 4+ * Skilled attendant at delivery Not ANC 4+ or No Skilled attendant at delivery Not ANC 4+ and No Skilled attendant at delivery Child Care * Immunization coverage for DPT (1,2,3) according to age * Oral rehydration therapy with continued feeding (Imp.) * Care-seeking for suspected pneumonia (Imp.) (no DPT immunization) or (no appropriate treatment of diarrhoea or pneumonia) (no DPT immunization) and (no appropriate treatment of diarrhoea or pneumonia) Nutrition * Underweight * Stunting * Wasting Stunting or Wasting or Underweight (all moderate <2SD) Stunting or Wasting or Underweight (all severe <3SD) Violent Discipline * Psychological discipline * Physical discipline (Imp.) Child suffered psychological abuse or any physical form as form of discipline Child suffered severe physical abuse (hit with a stick, burned or bitten) Birth & Early Childhood (0-59 months)

22 Water Sanitation Access to Information Child Labour Middle Childhood (5-14yr) Violent Discipline Schooling DimensionChild LabourViolent Discipline Access to Information Schooling Indicators* Child Labour * Psychological discipline (Imp.) * Physical discipline * Household assets ownership * Attendance to early childhood education * Appropriate grade for age * Primary/Intermediate school attendance Moderate "Child is involved in labour for:* Age 5–11 years: At least 1 hour of economic work or 28 hours of domestic work per week. * Age 12–14 years: At least 14 hours of economic work or 28 hours of domestic work per week" Child suffered psychological abuse or any physical form as form of discipline Child does not have electricity, telephone (landline or mobile) or radio/TV - At least 2 of these. * Child is 5 years old and not attending an early childhood education programme * child is 6-14 years old and in lower grade for age Severe *Age 5–11yr: > 7 hours of economic work or> 28 hours of domestic work per week. * Age 12–14yr: >21 hours of economic work or >28 hours of domestic work per week" Child suffered severe physical abuse (hit with a stick, burned or bitten) Does not have electricity and telephone and radio/TV - All simultaneously. * Child is 5 years old and not attending an early childhood education programme nor primary school * Child is 6-14 years old and not attending school at all; Middle Childhood (5-14 yrs)

23 Water Sanitation Schooling Access to Information Female Genital Mutilation Child Marriage Late Adolescence (15-17 yr) DimensionIndicatorsModerateSevere Child Marriage and Domestic Violence * Marriage before 18 * Wife Beating Justified Girl is years old and currently or ever married Girl is years old and currently or ever married and reports wife beating is justified by any one reason Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) * Female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) among women * years old girl reports to have undergone any form of female genital mutilation/cutting * years old girl reports to have undergone any form of FGM/C and thinks practice should be "continued" or "depends” Access to Information * Household assets ownership Child does not have electricity, telephone (landline or mobile) or radio/TV - At least 2 of these unavailable. Child does not have electricity and telephone (landline or mobile) and radio/TV - All simultaneously. Schooling * Appropriate grade for age * Secondary school attendance Child is not in appropriate grade for age Child is not attending secondary school at all or in Level below (Primary or Intermediate) at least 2 years late Late Adolescence (15-17 yrs)

24 Water Sanitation Water & Sanitation (0-17 yr) DimensionSafe Water Indicators * Use of improved drinking water sources * Treatment of water to make safe for drinking Moderate Household using unimproved drinking water sources Severe Household using unimproved drinking water and does not use treat water to make safe for drinking DimensionImproved Sanitation Indicators * Use of improved type of sanitation facility Moderate Household using unimproved sanitation facility Severe Household using No facility, Bush, Field as sanitation facility Household (0-17 yrs): Water & Sanitation

25 Counting Deprivations (Moderate + Severe) yrs EducationChild LabourDiscipline Access to Information Safe Water Improved Sanitation Count (Mod + Sev) Sev Count Child Child Child Child Child Child Child Child Child Child TOTAL Child >2=4 Child >0=3

26 Overall Results

27 Actual Results from MICS4 (All Children) All Children: 16.6 million children 1.7 million (10%) All ok (No deprivations) 4.6 million (28%) Low (1 deprivation) 5.8 million (35%) Med (2 deprivations) 4.5 million (27%) High (3+ deprivations) = 250,000 children 27

28 Overall Results 28

29 Severity to Number of Deprivations 29

30 Life-Cycle Stages 30

31 Profile Characteristics

32 Deprivation Levels by Urban/Rural 32

33 Deprivation Levels by Wealth Quintile 33

34 Deprivation Levels by Mother’s Education 34

35 Deprivation Levels by Sex 35

36 Deprivation Levels by Age (year) 36

37 37 Deprivation Levels by Age (year)

38 Patterns * Overlap

39 Schooling & Deprivation: by Sex and Age 39

40 Patterns of Deprivation All Groups 40

41 Patterns of Deprivation Well-Off 41

42 Patterns of Deprivation Low Dep (1) 42

43 Patterns of Deprivation Med Dep (2) 43

44 Patterns of Deprivation High Dep (3+) 44

45 Overlaps of Deprivation (LF mo) 45

46 Overlaps of Deprivation (LF yr) 46

47 Overlaps of Deprivation (LF yr) 47

48 Overlaps of Deprivation (LF yr) 48 GIRLS yrs Deprived by FGM (Moderate/Severe) Governorate Not Deprived (Mod) Deprived (Mod/Sev) Total Duhuk98.5%1.5% / 0.7%100% Nainwa99.8%0.2% / 0.0%100% Sulimania72.6%27.4% / 5.6%100% Kirkuk90.5%9.5% / 1.7%100% Arbil57.8%42.2% / 14.8%100% Diala100% Anbar100% Baghdad100% Babil100% Karbala100% Wasit100% Salahaladin100% Najaf100% Qadisya100% Almuthana100% Thiqar100% Misan100% Albasrah100% Total93.7%6.3% / 1.8%100% * Severe: believes should be continued * Little overlap with Marriage (> 4% in KR) Example Erbil overlap (total 42.2%): - 7% Only FGM % with Schooling % with Access to Info ++

49 Proximity * Geography

50 Proximity of Multiple Deprivation 50 = 1 million children 27% Multi-Dep (4.5 m) 35% of all Households 35% of all Households have no multiple deprived children 35% Multi-Dep (5.8 m) 30% of all Households 38% Not Multi-Dep (6.3 m)

51 Overall Results 51

52 Geography of Multiple Deprivation 52

53 Erbil AlAnbar AlBasrah AlSulaymaniyah AlQadissiya AlMuthanna Babil Baghdad Dahuk Najaf Diyala Thi-Qar SalahAdDin Kerbala Kirkuk Missan Ninewa Wassit Low Med Low High Low High Med Very High 53 Mapping Multiple Deprivation

54 BASRAH 280,000(28%) MISSAN 200,000(43%) THI-QAR 294,000 (32%) 54 Drilling Down Sub-Governorate Low Med Low High Low High Med Very High

55 55 Drilling Down Sub-Governorate Low Med Low High Low High Med Very High

56 Target Achievement

57 57 Target Achievement Estimation

58 Thank you! 58


Download ppt "IRAQ Operationalizing Equity MICS Analysis & Dissemination Workshop, Belgrade Nov 2011 Multidimensional Deprivation Analysis."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google