We think you have liked this presentation. If you wish to download it, please recommend it to your friends in any social system. Share buttons are a little bit lower. Thank you!
Presentation is loading. Please wait.
Published byRosalind Wilkins
Modified about 1 year ago
Complete CompTIA A+ Guide to PCs, 6e Chapter 12: Windows XP, Vista, and 7 © 2014 Pearson IT Certification www.pearsonITcertification.com
To distinguish between the Windows XP, Vista, and 7 operating systems To install, configure, and troubleshoot Windows XP, Vista, and 7 To install hardware and software About various tools and features, such as System Restore, driver roll back, and WinRE What Windows goes through to boot the system and how to troubleshoot boot problems About the Computer Management console, Task Manager, and Event Viewer How to avoid burnout in the IT field © 2014 Pearson IT Certification www.pearsonITcertification.com
802-1.1: Compare and contrast the features and requirements of various Microsoft operating systems. 802-1.2: Given a scenario, install, and configure the operating system using the most appropriate method. 802-1.3: Given a scenario, use appropriate command-line tools. 802-1.4: Given a scenario, use appropriate operating system features and tools. 802-1.5: Given a scenario, use Control Panel utilities. 802-1.7: Perform preventive maintenance procedures using appropriate tools. 802-1.9: Explain the basics of client-side virtualization. 802-2.1: Apply and use common security prevention methods. 802-2.2: Compare and contrast common security threats. 802-4.6: Given a scenario, troubleshoot operating system problems with appropriate tools. 802-4.7: Given a scenario, troubleshoot common security issues with appropriate tools and best practices. © 2014 Pearson IT Certification www.pearsonITcertification.com
Windows XP Professional Windows XP Professional x64 Windows XP Home Windows XP Tablet PC Windows XP Media Center © 2014 Pearson IT Certification www.pearsonITcertification.com
Vista/7 Starter Vista/7 Home Basic Windows Vista/7 Home Premium Windows Vista Business Windows Vista/7 Enterprise Windows Vista/7 Ultimate © 2014 Pearson IT Certification www.pearsonITcertification.com
32-Bit Windows64-Bit Windows 32-bit or 64-bit processor64-bit processor 4GB RAM limitation1 to 192+GB RAM supported 32 bits processed at a time64 bits processed at a time 32-bit drivers required64-bit device drivers required, digitally signed DEP (Data Execution Prevention)"Always-on" DEP support for 64-bit processes © 2014 Pearson IT Certification www.pearsonITcertification.com
UpgradeClean InstallMicrosoft Upgrade AdvisorEasy Transfer Program USMT (User State Migration Tool) Dual-BootMulti-BootFormat © 2014 Pearson IT Certification www.pearsonITcertification.com
ComponentMinimum RequirementsRecommended Requirements CPUIntel Pentium or300MHz or higher AMD K6/Athlon/Duron 233MHz RAM64MB128MB or higher Hard Disk Space1.5GB>1.5GB VideoVGA or higherSVGA with PnP monitor Optical DriveCD or DVD driveCD or DVD drive (12x or higher) Input DeviceKeyboard and mouse Keyboard and mouse or pointing device or pointing device © 2014 Pearson IT Certification www.pearsonITcertification.com
ComponentMinimum RequirementsRecommended Requirements Processor800MHz 32-bit or 64-bit multiple core1GHz 32-bit or 64-bit multiple core and dual processors RAM512MB1GB Hard Drive Space20GB (a minimum of 40GB (a minimum of 15GB of available space) 15GB of available space) GraphicsSVGA128MB of video memory and support for DirectX9 or higher with WDDM driver, Pixel Shader 2.0 in hardware, 32-bit color Optical DriveCD-ROMDVD-ROM SoundAudio output NetworkInternet connectivity © 2014 Pearson IT Certification www.pearsonITcertification.com
ComponentRequirements_____________ Processor1GHz RAM1GB (32-bit)/2GB (64-bit) GraphicsSupport for DirectX9 or higher with 1.0 WDDM driver Hard drive16GB (32-bit)/32GB (64-bit) © 2014 Pearson IT Certification www.pearsonITcertification.com
BIOS VirusBoot Sector (MBR) VirusFile Virus Hijack Virus or Browser Hijacker Macro VirusTrojan (Horse) ProgramStealth VirusPolymorphic VirusWorm VirusPhage Virus © 2014 Pearson IT Certification www.pearsonITcertification.com
Sysprep SIM (System Image Manager) WDS (Windows Deployment Services) Microsoft Setup Manager MDT (Microsoft Deployment Toolkit) © 2014 Pearson IT Certification www.pearsonITcertification.com
PXE Boot (Preboot Execution Environment) LTI (Lite Touch Installation) Unattended Installation or ZTI (Zero Touch Installation) Remote Network Installation © 2014 Pearson IT Certification www.pearsonITcertification.com
A Type 1 hypervisor is also known as a native hypervisor because the operating system runs on top of the hypervisor. Examples of Type 1 hypervisors include VMware's ESXI and Microsoft's Hyper-V. A Type 2 hypervisor, also known as a hosted hypervisor, runs on top of a host operating system such as Windows 7. VMware Workstation, Oracle VirtualBox, and Windows Virtual PC are examples of Type 2 hypervisors. © 2014 Pearson IT Certification www.pearsonITcertification.com
A common misconception about virtualization is that you don't have to buy both operating systems when two operating systems are installed. This is not always true. Depending on the virtual software used, if you wanted to install Windows XP in one virtual machine, Windows 7 in another virtual machine, and Windows Server 2008 in a third virtual machine, you would have to purchase all three operating systems. You may have to enable virtualization in the BIOS before you can install any type of virtualization software (including Virtual PC/Windows XP Mode) on the computer. A common misconception about virtualization is that you don't have to worry about security because you are in a "protected" environment. This is not true. The protection is that one operating system is protected from the other operating system, but all virtual machines are susceptible to viruses and security attacks. Install the appropriate protection. © 2014 Pearson IT Certification www.pearsonITcertification.com
Patch Service Pack Hotfix © 2014 Pearson IT Certification www.pearsonITcertification.com
Device Driver Plug and Play Adapters © 2014 Pearson IT Certification www.pearsonITcertification.com
Restore Points Shadow Copy © 2014 Pearson IT Certification www.pearsonITcertification.com
System ToolsStorage Services and Applications © 2014 Pearson IT Certification www.pearsonITcertification.com
Hard Drive Optical Drive USB PXE (Preboot Execution Environment) © 2014 Pearson IT Certification www.pearsonITcertification.com
Safe Mode Safe Mode with Networking Safe Mode with Command Prompt Enable VGA Mode (XP only) Enable low-resolution video (640 X 480) (Vista or 7) Last Known Good Configuration Debugging Mode Enable Boot Logging Disable automatic restart on system failure (Vista or 7) Disable driver signature enforcement (Vista or 7) Start Windows Normally Repair Your Computer (Vista or 7) Reboot © 2014 Pearson IT Certification www.pearsonITcertification.com
Remote Desktop Remote Assistance Task Manager Event Viewer Windows XP's Dr. Watson Windows XP's System Monitor and Performance Logs and Alerts Windows Vista/7's Reliability Monitor and Performance Monitor Windows Vista/7's Problem Reports and Solutions System Configuration Utility (msconfig Command) © 2014 Pearson IT Certification www.pearsonITcertification.com
Always have an antivirus software program that has current virus definitions.Make frequent data backups. Have a backup of your operating system. Many external hard drives include backup software. Remember that Windows XP Home and Vista Home Basic/Premium do not include a backup utility. Ensure that the System Restore utility is enabled.Update the operating system with service packs and patches.Use the Task Scheduler tool to automate some of the preventive maintenance tasks. © 2014 Pearson IT Certification www.pearsonITcertification.com
Burnout is commonly caused by too much work and stress. Burnout is a mental state that can also affect emotional and physical capabilities. Working too much, having too many responsibilities, and expecting too much of yourself can all lead to burnout. Technicians should monitor their own attitude and mental state constantly and watch for warning signs associated with burnout. © 2014 Pearson IT Certification www.pearsonITcertification.com
CompTIA recommends that you have one year of experience before taking the exam. Students have been able to pass this exam right after the course, however. Redo all the labs. Ensure that you pay attention to the purpose of the tool and consider why (or in what situation) you would use each Windows tool. When your own computer momentarily slows down, use some of the tools to examine the cause. Ensure that you know how to control the boot process and use the Advanced Boot Options menu effectively. Go into each of those menus before the exam and be confident that you know when to use each one. Know the difference between Remote Assistance and Remote Desktop and the port number that must be opened through a firewall. Know the upgrade paths for Windows 7. Be able to articulate the difference between the Windows XP, Vista, and 7 control panels. Be able to control, upgrade, and roll back a device driver. Know the different user groups and what they can do. Know virtualization emulator requirements and the purpose of the hypervisor. © 2014 Pearson IT Certification www.pearsonITcertification.com
Windows operating systems can be 32-bit or 64-bit. The 32-bit versions are limited to a maximum of 4GB of RAM. 32-bit operating systems or applications are sometimes referred to as x86 instead of 32-bit. Windows operating systems come in different editions that have various features and tools. For example, the Home versions cannot join corporate network domains or encrypt files/folders. Windows XP has WFP and Windows Vista/7 have WRP to protect the key operating system files. sfc /scannow checks system files. There are specific operating system in-place upgrade paths that are permitted. Otherwise, a clean install must be performed. You must activate the Windows license by phone or Internet. A repair installation is performed when Windows has to be reloaded. Use the Upgrade Advisor before upgrading Windows. Multiple operating systems can be installed. (Install the oldest one first, and install the operating systems on separate partitions.) Virtualization can also be used to have multiple operating systems installed. Compatibility mode, Windows XP Mode, or virtualization can be used to allow older applications to operate properly. No machine should be deployed without antivirus software installed. Symptoms of a virus include the computer not booting, computer running slowly, hard drive activity increases, files are missing, applications do not work or do not work properly, unusual messages or graphics appear, and so on. © 2014 Pearson IT Certification www.pearsonITcertification.com
Corporate Windows deployment involves creating a master image and deploying that image across a network. Deployment methods include PXE boot, unattended installations. LTI, and remote network installation. Network bandwidth is affected by imaging. Operating system installation failures are often caused by lack of planning for the installation: insufficient or incompatible hardware, incompatible software, and lack of operating-specific drivers. A computer that uses virtualization must have more hardware than a single operating system environment. To back up the Windows registry, use regedit, the Backup utility, or the System Restore tool. Windows updates include device driver updates. Use the driver roll back feature or System Restore when an update causes the system to not work. The Computer Management console is used to access System tools (Task Scheduler, Event Viewer, Shared Folders, Local Users and Groups, Performance, and Device Manager), Storage, and Services and Applications. The Advanced Boot Options menu is commonly used when the tools within Windows cannot be used in the normal boot environment. The most commonly used options are Safe Mode, Safe Mode with Networking, Enable Low Resolution (Vista/7), Last Known Good Configuration, Disable Automatic Restart on System Failure (Vista/7), Disable Driver Signature Enforcement (Vista/7), and Repair Your Computer (Vista/7). © 2014 Pearson IT Certification www.pearsonITcertification.com
The bootrec command can be used to detect and repair master boot issues, operating system files, or the boot sector. The System Configuration utility (msconfig) can be used to control what applications load during the boot process. Task Manager can be used to display system performance, stop applications that are not working properly, and view which applications and processes are taking up memory. Event Viewer logs issues with applications and the operating system to provide a historical record and timeline of when things occur. Remote Assistance (the msra command) and Remote Desktop (the mstsc command) are used to control and use a remote computer. Remote Assistance displays a prompt requesting permission. Task Scheduler can be used to perform preventive maintenance on a regular basis. Preventive maintenance can reduce downtime and includes keeping the operating system and applications patched, keeping the antivirus definitions current, and keeping the hard drive defragmented and with ample space. Technicians can do positive things to avoid burnout including getting good rest, avoiding drugs and alcohol, doing non-technical things, and having good time-management skills. © 2014 Pearson IT Certification www.pearsonITcertification.com
Chapter 12 Windows Operating System.
11 INSTALLING WINDOWS XP Chapter 2. Chapter 2: Installing Windows XP2 INSTALLING WINDOWS XP Prepare a computer for the installation of Microsoft Windows.
Hands-On Microsoft Windows Server 2008
A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC Fifth Edition Chapter 15 Installing and Using Windows XP Professional.
Chapter 1: Getting Started with Windows Vista. Windows Vista Editions Windows Vista Starter –Not available in developed technology markets, such as the.
Chapter 1: Getting Started with Windows Vista. Windows Vista 6 Editions Windows Vista Starter Windows Vista Home Basic Windows Vista Home Premium Windows.
Chapter 7 Microsoft Windows XP. Windows XP Versions XP Home XP Home XP Professional XP Professional XP Professional 64-Bit XP Professional 64-Bit XP Media.
© 2012 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. 1 Third Edition Chapter 5 Windows XP Professional McGraw-Hill.
Planning Server Deployments Chapter 1. Server Deployment When planning a server deployment for a large enterprise network, the operating system edition.
®® Microsoft Windows 7 for Power Users Tutorial 8 Troubleshooting Windows 7.
Windows Vista Configuration MCTS : Maintenance and Optimization.
Introduction to Windows XP Professional Chapter 2 powered by dj.
WINDOWS XP PROFESSIONAL Bilal Munir Mughal Chapter-1 1.
Windows Vista Configuration MCTS : Installing and Upgrading.
MCITP: Microsoft Windows Vista Desktop Support - Enterprise Section 1: Prepare to Deploy.
MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Server Administration (Exam #70-646) Chapter 11 Windows Server 2008 Virtualization.
Windows XP Professional Windows XP Professional Overview Install and Upgrade Windows XP Pro Customize and Manage Windows XP Pro Troubleshoot Common Windows.
PC Support & Repair Chapter 5 Operating Systems Part 2.
HOW TO INSTALL WINDOWS 7? This step-by-step guide demonstrates how to install Windows 7 Ultimate. The guide is similar for other versions of Windows 7.
IT Essentials 1 v4.0 Chapters 4 & 5 JEOPARDY RouterModesWANEncapsulationWANServicesRouterBasicsRouterCommands RouterModesWANEncapsulationWANServicesRouterBasicsRouterCommands.
Troubleshooting Startup Problems
© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.Cisco ConfidentialPresentation_ID 1 IT Essentials PC Hardware and Software 4.1 Instructional Resource Chapter.
Course ILT Windows installation and upgrades Unit objectives Install a Windows operating system Upgrade from one version of Windows to another.
Windows DX 66 megahertz (MHz) or faster processor (Pentium central processing unit recommended). 16 megabytes (MB) of memory (24 MB recommended).
Installing Windows Vista Lesson 2. Skills Matrix Technology SkillObjective DomainObjective # Performing a Clean Installation Set up Windows Vista as the.
Tutorial 11 Installing, Updating, and Configuring Software
Introducing, Installing, and Upgrading Windows 7 Lesson 1.
Chapter 11: Maintaining and Optimizing Windows Vista
Working with Disks and Devices
McGraw-Hill/Irwin© 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. 5-1.
John Samuels October, Why Now? Vista Problems New Features >4GB Memory Support Experience.
Automating Installations by Using the Microsoft Windows 2000 Setup Manager Create setup scripts simply and easily. Create and modify answer files and UDFs.
Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended Installation Slide 1 of 30Session 8 Ver. 1.0 CompTIA A+ Certification: A Comprehensive Approach for all.
© 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.Cisco Public ITE PC v4.0 Chapter 5 1 Control Panel Applets.
Troubleshooting Windows. Failure to boot Is it hardware (OS not found)? Hard drive failure Is the system powered on? Is the power supply OK? Is the system.
2.1 © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc. Exam Managing and Maintaining a Microsoft® Windows® Server 2003 Environment Lesson 2: Installing Windows Server.
Troubleshooting Windows Vista Lesson 11. Skills Matrix Technology SkillObjective DomainObjective # Troubleshooting Installation and Startup Issues Troubleshoot.
Chapter Fourteen Windows XP Professional Fault Tolerance.
Administering Windows 7 Lesson 11. Objectives Troubleshoot Windows 7 Use remote access technologies Troubleshoot installation and startup issues Understand.
I T Essentials I Chapter 5 JEOPARDY Installing & UpgradingComputerBasicsErrorsServicePotpourri
Module 15 Managing Windows Server® 2008 Backup and Restore.
MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646) Chapter 2 Installing Windows Server 2008.
Planning Server Deployments
1.1 Installing Windows Server 2008 Windows Server 2008 Editions Windows Server 2008 Installation Requirements X64 Installation Considerations Preparing.
Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended Installation Slide 1 of 35Session 9 Ver. 1.0 CompTIA A+ Certification: A Comprehensive Approach for all.
70-293: MCSE Guide to Planning a Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Network, Enhanced Chapter 14: Problem Recovery.
A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC Fifth Edition Chapter 14 Managing and Troubleshooting Windows 2000.
Module 1: Installing and Configuring Servers. Module Overview Installing Windows Server 2008 Managing Server Roles and Features Overview of the Server.
Guide to MCSE , Second Edition, Enhanced1 The Microsoft Networking Family Collection of operating systems (OS) Operating Systems Work directly with.
© 2012 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. 1 Third Edition Chapter 3 Desktop Virtualization McGraw-Hill.
© 2017 SlidePlayer.com Inc. All rights reserved.