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Mental Health Needs of Female Prisoners Dr Pradeep Pasupuleti NHS GG&C Consultant Forensic Psychiatrist Visiting Psychiatrist at HMP Cornton Vale 1.

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Presentation on theme: "Mental Health Needs of Female Prisoners Dr Pradeep Pasupuleti NHS GG&C Consultant Forensic Psychiatrist Visiting Psychiatrist at HMP Cornton Vale 1."— Presentation transcript:

1 Mental Health Needs of Female Prisoners Dr Pradeep Pasupuleti NHS GG&C Consultant Forensic Psychiatrist Visiting Psychiatrist at HMP Cornton Vale 1

2 Today’s talk  20 slides  Case examples  Evidence on prevalence of mental disorder is prisons  HMP Cornton Vale stats  Challenges 2

3 Case example 1  42 year old, h/o “hearing voices” for 17 years, diagnosis of paranoid schizophrenia, had few very long admissions into psychiatric hospitals, no improvement in symptoms, diagnosis reviewed to BPD 3 years ago before discharging from psychiatric services. Banned from GP practice, frequent attendee at A&E asking to get admitted into hospital, evicted from 4 previous temporary accommodations.  6 prison sentences in the past 3 years. Longest in the community 4 weeks. Repeated public order offences.  Presentation in prison characterised by responding to auditory hallucinations, occasional abusive towards staff and fellow inmates but no major management problems. Liberation in 4 weeks. 3

4 Case example 2  A 26 year old presenting with frequent history of self harm, excessive drinking and non-compliance with any of the community support packages. Repeat offender, most offences were against support workers including the index offence. Has been on various antidepressants from the age of 18, had few crisis admissions mostly in the context of self harm whilst under the influence of alcohol. h/o CSA, disruptive at school, alcoholism in the family.  Disruptive in prison, poor frustration tolerance, unpredictable behavior involving self harm and violence.  Due for liberation in 4 weeks. 4

5 Case example 3  19 year old, 4 th time in custody, mostly for BoP (para suicide) and BoB. h/o CSA, abusive family. Previously contacts with CAMHS, seen by LD services, poor compliance, discharged as ‘nothing much to offer’.  Evidently low IQ, frequent self harm behaviour in prison and “wants to end her life”.  SW very anxious about her liberation as she goes back into same abusive household, ‘no help’ from health and unlikely to comply with any conditions. 5

6 Mental disorders in prisons  Fazel and Danesh (2002) Systematic review of 62 surveys (12 countries), prisoners: 4% psychosis, 12% major depressive disorder, 47% (M) & 21% (F) ASPD  Singleton et al, 1998 The largest study into prisoners in England and Wales Psychosis 7% in convicted male prisoners (n=1121) and 10% in male remanded prisoners (n=1250). 40% and 59% respectively had neurotic disorder, 63% and 58% alcohol abuse, and 43% and 51% drug abuse. 6

7 Scottish studies  Cook et al (1994): 7.3% major psychological disorder, 32% neurotic, 38% alcohol abuse or dep and 21% drug abuse or dep  Davidson et al (1995): in a study on remand prisoners (n=389) 2.3% psychosis, 24.8% neurotic, 22% alcohol abuse or dependence and 73% drug abuse or dep 7

8 Scottish studies  Bartlett et al (2000): study of inceptions into HMP Barlinnie over a one week period, 5% psychotic and 30% depression and anxiety  Fraser, Thomson and Graham: A six month audit of prison transfers, 16/22 within 3 days  HMIP report 2007: 80% in Cvale had some MH problems; 60% under the influence of drugs at the time of offence 8

9 Female prison estate PrisonNumber Cornton Vale186 Polmont104 Edinburgh106 Greenock52 Aberdeen (Community Integration Centre) 3 Total451 9 Data accurate on

10 2012 statistics  Average admissions per year to HMP Cornton Vale: 2000  Number of referrals to prison mental health team: 693 ( per month)  Total new appointments: 81  Total number of follow-up appointments: 133 (41 patients) 10

11 D&A Statistics  Addictions referrals Oct 12- Mar 13 (5 months) 11 TypeNumber Average no. of admissions834 Total number of referrals428 (51%) Drug detox345 (41%) Alcohol detox83 (10%)

12 Prison transfers YearNumber of transfers

13 2012 prison transfers SectionNumber S 1366 S 5221 Informal2 13

14 Statistics DiagnosisNumber (%) Schizophrenia, relapse17 (65%) Acute Psychotic episode6 (23%) Manic episode3 (12%) Depressive episode1 (4%) Others- Organic psychosis, Munchausen 2 (8%) 14

15 Distribution 15

16 Levels of security 16

17 Health Board distribution 17

18 Key challenges  Variations in Court diversion framework  Problems with centralization  Poor correspondence  Prison as a facility for “further psychiatric assessment”  Provision of Psychiatric reports to the court- delays 18

19 Challenges in custodial setting  Complex needs  Diagnostic complexity: Mental illness V PD  Undiagnosed LD  ASD  Co-morbid substance misuse  ARBD  Problem behaviour 19

20 Challenges  Model of care for the visiting psychiatrist: Clinic list management V Case management  Ideal Prison Mental Health Team  Hospital transfers: access to beds  Young offenders 20

21 Aftercare challenges  Follow-up arrangements  PD, a “diagnosis of exclusion”  Homelessness  D&A  Variations in inter-agency working models 21

22 Current practice  Developing multidisciplinary approach  MDMHT as a forum for case discussions  Case management model in complex cases (CPA, ASP Act)  New challenging behaviour service  Teaching and training  Good relationships 22


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