Presentation on theme: "¡El subjuntivo! The subjunctive mood in Spanish! (Not a tense, but a mood)"— Presentation transcript:
¡El subjuntivo! The subjunctive mood in Spanish! (Not a tense, but a mood)
How do you form this mood? Here is a “formula” if you like to use them. C 1* (WEIRDOS) que C2* (Yo-o-drop-flip) (or DISHES) *By the way, a “Clause” (C) is a subject, or an implied subject, and a conjugated verb.
What is the clause one (C1)? This first clause has some kind of emotion in it that “triggers” the subjunctive mood/form after the “que.” Please remember that the Subjunctive is a mood of “subjectivity” instead of “objectivity,” which was the indicative mood, or the regular old “present-tense” you learned in Spanish 101 or 8 th grade!
What are some “trigger” clauses or emotion? (WEIRDOS) Wishes (Deseo, quiero, quisiera, ella quiere, etc.) Emotions (Espero, quieres, dudamos, etc.) Impersonal Expressions (es bueno, malo, etc.) Requests (Pido que, ruego, exigimos, etc.) Doubt, disbelief, denial (Dudo, no creo, niego) Ojalá (an arabic-deraved word= hopefully) Suggestions/advice (sugiero, aconseja, etc.)
How is the “Clause 2” or subjunctive clause, formed? 1) Take the yo-form of most any verb. (Tomo, como, escribo, salgo, hago, tengo, duermo…) 2) Look at the letter “o.” 3) Drop the “o” 4) Flip A to E (and vice-versa) OR use these endings: ARER/IR e emosaamos eeisasáis eenaan
What were some of those irregular yo- forms again? I forget! “YO-GO” verbs! And some others: Salir-salgoduermo Tener-tengopido Hacer-hagosirvo Venir-vengoquiero Decir-digoconduzco Poner-pongoconozco Traer-traigoquepo
Yo-o-drop-flip! Use your arms (TPR) to act this out a bit….like “YMCA” (Maybe start humming the tune….) Yo-(point your hands in to your chest) O- Put your arms up in the shape of an “o” Drop- Drop your arms! Flip! –Flip your arms, just like we flip from A to E and versa-visa! (or is that vice-versa?)
What is the song? If you have a clause-one that shows emotion, well, then everyone knows, There’s a thing you gotta do after “que” But you’ve got to form it this way No verb does it all by itself The subjunctive can’t just sit on the shelf! You can use it, flip that E to an A, But you’ve got to form it this way: You’ve got to do the “yo-o-drop-flip” you gotta the do the “yo-o-drop-flip” Now you can do that new flip, even use it today! You can use it after the que….. Yo-o-drop-flip, you can do the yo-o-drop-flip! You got everything in this one simple rule, You can use it for españ-ool! Yo-o-drop-flip!
OK, so maybe I exaggerated a tad…you can’t use it for everything…there are always exceptions…. Luckily, the exceptions to this rule form an acronym: Dar- Dé, etc. Ir-vaya, etc. Saber-sepa, etc. Haber-haya, etc. Estar-Esté, etc. Ser- Sea, etc.
Also, there are other clauses that can “trigger” the subjunctive (C1 clauses) En cuanto (especially as future projection) Sin que Con tal (de) que Antes (de) que Para que A menos que