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Grammar:Superlative pages 40-45 Prepared by Maali Hamdan.

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1 Grammar:Superlative pages 40-45 Prepared by Maali Hamdan

2 We use the superlative form of adjectives to show the highest degree of a particular quality that describes people, places, things, ideas, etc.  She is the kindest person I know.  That is the most expensive restaurant in Tel- Aviv.

3 There are two ways of making superlatives of adjectives.  A: the ________________ - est  B. the most  In choosing which form of the superlative to use, we follow the same rules as with comparatives.

4 We use the______-est (or –st after an adjective ending in a vowel):  For one syllable adjectives. Dan is the tallest boy in the class. He is the nicest person I know.  For two-syllable adjectives ending in y funny-funniest dirty-the dirtiest silly-the silliest Henry is the funniest person I know

5  For certain other two-syllable adjectives  quiet-the quietest.  simple-the simplest  clever-the cleverest  gentle-the gentlest  feeble-the feeblest The simplest solution is usually the best.

6 The spelling rules are the same as with the comparative forms (see page33) AdjectiveComparativeSuperlative longlongerthe longest happyhappierthe happiest hothotterthe hottest cheapcheaperthe cheapest

7 B) We use the most ______  For adjectives of three or more syllables. The adjective itself does not change its form.  That is the most interesting exhibit in the museum.  We are in the most expensive restaurant in town.  For adjectives ending in –ed even if they have only one syllable.  He was the most hated man in the company.  That’s the most debated subject nowadays.  For most two-syllable adjectives.  That was the most boring movie of the festival.

8 Instead of the before superlatives, we can put the personal possessive pronouns (my, your, his, her, its, our, their).  This is my longest day of the week.  Friday is their most relaxing day.

9 The adjectives that have irregular comparatives have irregular superlatives as well. AdjectiveComparativeSuperlative goodbetterbest badworseworst farfurtherfurthest little (size)smallersmallest

10  They are a bad group. They must be the worst in town.  Julie is not just a good singer. She’s probably the best soprano* in the opera company. *1. The highest singing voice of a woman or young boy. *2. A singer having such a voice.

11 Note  When we use one of +superlative, the noun is in the plural  This is one of the best films in town.  This is the best film in town

12 The least can be used in place of the most, with no change in the adjective.  This is the least expensive hotel in town. = There is no hotel as cheap as this one.  He is the least clever person I know. = I know nobody as stupid as he is.

13 NOTE the expressions at least, at (the) most:  His work is expensive, but at least he is honest.  I don’t think there’ll be any food. At most we’ll get a sandwich.

14 After superlatives, we use in with places (towns, countries, buildings, etc.)  Which is the biggest city in Israel?  We have the best teacher in the school.

15 But we use of with other nouns:  Spring is the best time of the year.  She says that it’s the happiest day of her life.

16 Homework: Pages 41-44


18 Verb + ing  That was a boring movie.  That lecturer was interesting.

19 The –ing form is an adjective. It describes a noun. We use the –ing form when the noun gives a feeling or performs an action  That was an exciting experience.

20 3 rd form of the verb  They wanted to leave because they were bored.  They were interested in what the lecturer was saying.

21 The –ed form is an adjective. It describes a noun. We use –ed form when the noun feels something or is the receiver of an action  Look at the difference in meaning between these sentences.  Joe is boring. I hope he leaves soon.  Ran is bored. He wants to leave as soon as he can.

22 Homework  Pages 45+46

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