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Berachah Bible Institute Hebrew Grammar I Chapter 6: Hebrew Prepositions.

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Presentation on theme: "Berachah Bible Institute Hebrew Grammar I Chapter 6: Hebrew Prepositions."— Presentation transcript:

1 Berachah Bible Institute Hebrew Grammar I Chapter 6: Hebrew Prepositions

2 BBI Hebrew Grammar I Hebrew Prepositions I run with him Section 6.1 - Introduction Subject Verb Preposition Object (of preposition) Prepositional Phrase Independent Clause Predicate

3 BBI Hebrew Grammar I Hebrew Prepositions Just like English prepositions before the king. Section 6.2 – Independent Prepositions %l,Mñ,h; ynEp.li

4 BBI Hebrew Grammar I Hebrew Prepositions Maqqef Section 6.3 – Maqqef Prepositions Like our dash One “speech unit” Can’t use always in Hebrew xB;îz>Mih; l[;Þ (2 Kgs 23:17) laeÞr"f.yI-lK' la,î (Deut 27:9) ‘^b.Wv) d[;Û (Gen 3:19) But, -!mi always?

5 BBI Hebrew Grammar I Hebrew Prepositions Section 6.4 – Inseparable Prepositions Reduced Initial Vowel? YesNo B. Article? NoYes Bi Simple? Match Short Vowel NoYes Replace h with B

6 BBI Hebrew Grammar I Hebrew Prepositions Section 6.5 – Form of !mi Maqqef Form is Easy. Just attach. Inseparable Form just like definite article  Lene becomes forte  Gutturals reject forte, length preceding vowel  But, x sometimes (not always!) doesn’t cause lengthening Assimilation of n, an important concept  We have it in English: One->An->A (before consontants)  Will appear again in vowel patterns

7 BBI Hebrew Grammar I Hebrew Prepositions Comparative Section 6.6 – The use of !mi bh'Z"mi hm'k.x' hb'wOj Good (fs)Wisdom (fs)Gold (ms) is Wisdom is good from gold Wisdom is better than gold

8 BBI Hebrew Grammar I Hebrew Prepositions Comparative Section 6.6 – The use of !mi aWhh; rp,Señh;-!mi hZ { "@context": "http://schema.org", "@type": "ImageObject", "contentUrl": "http://images.slideplayer.com/14/4393451/slides/slide_8.jpg", "name": "BBI Hebrew Grammar I Hebrew Prepositions Comparative Section 6.6 – The use of !mi aWhh; rp,Señh;-!mi hZ

9 BBI Hebrew Grammar I Hebrew Prepositions Comparative Section 6.6 – The use of !mi ~yvin"a]h'me hd'wOb[]h' hv'q' Hard (fs)the work (fs) is The work is hard from the men The work is too hard for the men the men (mp)

10 BBI Hebrew Grammar I Hebrew Prepositions Superlative Section 6.6 – The use of !mi hd,F'h; tY:x; lKomi ~Wr[' clever (ms)all Clever from every living thing of the field More clever than every living thing of the field The field (fs)living thing (ms)

11 BBI Hebrew Grammar I Hebrew Prepositions Partitive Section 6.6 – The use of !mi yriP.m i from a fruit some of the fruit [of the tree of the garden] [ !G"ßh ;-#[e( ]

12 BBI Hebrew Grammar I Hebrew Prepositions Partitive Section 6.6 – The use of !mi ~yvin" a]h'm e from the men some of the men

13 BBI Hebrew Grammar I Hebrew Prepositions Section 6.7 – Direct Object Marker Definite Direct Object Marker Definite – Must be definite  Have article  Be a proper noun  Have a possessive pronoun Direct Object – Receives action of verb  Ben hit the ball  `#r ~yIm:ßV'h; taeî ~yhi_l{a/ ar"äB' tyviÞarEB. Marker – Simply points to it; no value

14 BBI Hebrew Grammar I Hebrew Prepositions Section 6.7 – Direct Object Marker rp,SeñB; ~yrib'D.h;-ta, bt;K' he wrotethe wordsin the book ~yImñ;V'h; tae ~yhil{a/ ar'B' he createdGodthe heavens Can you find the definite article?

15 BBI Hebrew Grammar I Hebrew Prepositions Section 6.7 – Direct Object Marker %l,M,ñl; rp,Señh;- ta, aybiN"h; !t;n" he gavethe bookto the king lwOdG"h; lk'yheh;-ta, %l,M,ñh; hn"B' he builtthe kingthe temple (ms) the prophet the great (ms)

16 BBI Hebrew Grammar I Hebrew Prepositions Section 6.7 – Direct Object Marker twOrwOTh;-ta,w> hw"c.Mih;-ta, %l,M,ñh; rm;v' he observedthe commandment ry[ih'-la, %a'l.M;h;-ta, aybiN"h; xl;v' he sentthe messengerto

17 BBI Hebrew Grammar I Hebrew Prepositions Section 6.7 – Direct Object Marker !t'n"wOhy>-ta, dwID' bh;a' he lovedDavid ~['l' wyt'wOrwOT-ta, %l,M,ñh; !t;n" he gavehis (3msx)to Jonathan How is this definite? Can you find the definite article?

18 BBI Hebrew Grammar I Hebrew Prepositions Section 6.7 – Direct Object Marker lwOdG" lk'yhe %l,M,ñh; hn"B' he built ry[iB' !joq' tyIB;ñ r[;N:òh; hn"B' he builtSmall (ms)in great the young man

19 BBI Hebrew Grammar I Hebrew Prepositions Know the inseparable preposition chart Section 6.8 - Summary Know the form and use of !mi Know how the definite direct object marker is used. Be able to explain each part of its name.

20 BBI Hebrew Grammar I Reminder Vocabulary and Grammar Quiz this week Don’t forget to be doing journal (turn in @ end) After chapter 5, you know 35% of all OT words After chapter 6, you will know 51% of all OT words Workbook says to use lexicon; use back of book Handing out midterm exam next week. Will cover grammar and vocabulary from chapters 1-6 No class Oct 15 and Oct 22, but study!


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