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Chapter 15 – The Roman Empire. The Roman Empire – Notes (page 1)

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 15 – The Roman Empire. The Roman Empire – Notes (page 1)"— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 15 – The Roman Empire

2 The Roman Empire – Notes (page 1)

3 Augustus Caesar First ______ of Rome

4 Augustus Caesar First emperor of Rome

5 Emperor from __ BCE to __ CE (__ years)

6 Emperor from 27 BCE to 14 CE (__ years)

7 Emperor from 27 BCE to 14 CE (41 years)

8 Real name was _______

9 Real name was Octavian

10 Grandnephew and adopted son of __________

11 Grandnephew and adopted son of Julius Caesar

12 How Augustus Caesar Became Emperor 42 BCE – _______________ was created (1) _______________ formed after __________ was murdered (and his assassins were all murdered) 2

13 How Augustus Caesar Became Emperor 42 BCE – Second Triumvirate was created (1) Second Triumvirate formed after Julius Caesar was murdered (and his assassins were all murdered) 2

14 (2) There were _ members of the Second Triumvirate (a) ______ * Julius Caesar’s top officer * controlled Africa

15 (2) There were 3 members of the Second Triumvirate (a) ______ * Julius Caesar’s top officer * controlled Africa

16 (2) There were 3 members of the Second Triumvirate (a) Lepidus * Julius Caesar’s top officer * controlled Africa

17 (b) __________ * Julius Caesar’s general and friend * controlled eastern part of Roman Empire

18 (b) Marc Antony * Julius Caesar’s general and friend * controlled eastern part of Roman Empire

19 (c) _______ * Julius Caesar’s grandnephew * controlled Western part of Roman Empire

20 (c) Octavian * Julius Caesar’s grandnephew * controlled Western part of Roman Empire

21 31 BCE – Second Triumvirate ended after 3 men began to fight – ______ 27 BCE – ______ over – _______ became sole ruler of Rome

22 31 BCE – Second Triumvirate ended after 3 men began to fight – civil war 27 BCE – civil war over – _______ became sole ruler of Rome

23 31 BCE – Second Triumvirate ended after 3 men began to fight – civil war 27 BCE – civil war over – Octavian became sole ruler of Rome

24 The Roman Empire – Notes (page 2)

25 63 – 44 BCE - Gaius Octavius Thurinus 44 – 31 BCE - Gaius Julius Caesar 27 BCE -Gaius Julius Caesar Augustus

26 63 – 44 BCE - Gaius Octavius Thurinus “Octavius” 44 – 31 BCE - Gaius Julius Caesar 27 BCE -Gaius Julius Caesar Augustus

27 63 – 44 BCE - Gaius Octavius Thurinus 44 – 31 BCE - Gaius Julius Caesar “Octavian” 27 BCE -Gaius Julius Caesar Augustus

28 63 – 44 BCE - Gaius Octavius Thurinus 44 – 31 BCE - Gaius Julius Caesar 27 BCE -Gaius Julius Caesar Augustus “Augustus”

29 The 1 st Roman Emperor – Augustus Caesar __ BCE – _______ became sole ruler of Rome

30 The 1 st Roman Emperor – Augustus Caesar __ BCE – Octavian became sole ruler of Rome

31 The 1 st Roman Emperor – Augustus Caesar 27 BCE – Octavian became sole ruler of Rome

32

33 Names given to ______ by _________ (1) ______ – means “_________” (2) ___________ – means “_____ __________” or “________ ________”

34 Names given to Octavian by _________ (1) ______ – means “_________” (2) ___________ – means “_____ __________” or “________ ________”

35 Names given to Octavian by the Senate (1) ______ – means “_________” (2) ___________ – means “_____ __________” or “________ ________”

36 Names given to Octavian by the Senate (1) ______ – means “First Citizen” (2) ___________ – means “_____ __________” or “________ ________”

37 Names given to Octavian by the Senate (1) Princeps – means “First Citizen” (2) ___________ – means “_____ __________” or “________ ________”

38 Names given to Octavian by the Senate (1) Princeps – means “First Citizen” (2) ___________ – means “Father of all Romans” or “Father of his country”

39 Names given to Octavian by the Senate (1) Princeps – means “First Citizen” (2) Pater Familias – means “Father of all Romans” or “Father of his country”

40 _______ changed his name to _______ – means “____________”

41 Octavian changed his name to Augustus – means “____________”

42 Octavian changed his name to Augustus – means “the revered one”

43 Why did the Senate “accept” Augustus as sole ruler? (1) Augustus Caesar was ____ about his power (a) he held many gov’t positions (___________________ ________), but he refused to be _____________

44 Why did the Senate “accept” Augustus as sole ruler? (1) Augustus Caesar was clever about his power (a) he held many gov’t positions (___________________ ________), but he refused to be _____________

45 Why did the Senate “accept” Augustus as sole ruler? (1) Augustus Caesar was clever about his power (a) he held many gov’t positions (consul, senator, tribune, high priest), but he refused to be _____________

46 Why did the Senate “accept” Augustus as sole ruler? (1) Augustus Caesar was clever about his power (a) he held many gov’t positions (consul, senator, tribune, high priest), but he refused to be crowned emperor

47

48 (2) Augustus Caesar kept ___ ________, _________, and __ ___________________________ (3) Augustus Caesar made __________ feel honored

49 (2) Augustus Caesar kept the assemblies, the Senate, and the other gov’t offices of the Republic (3) Augustus Caesar made __________ feel honored

50 (2) Augustus Caesar kept the assemblies, the Senate, and the other gov’t offices of the Republic (3) Augustus Caesar made the Senators feel honored

51 (2) Augustus Caesar kept the assemblies, the Senate, and the other gov’t offices of the Republic (3) Augustus Caesar made the Senators feel honored

52 Great things Augustus did for Rome ______________________ so that it ran well Began taking a _____ (population count) for _____ purposes

53 Great things Augustus did for Rome Reorganized the government so that it ran well Began taking a _____ (population count) for taxing purposes

54 Great things Augustus did for Rome Reorganized the government so that it ran well Began taking a census (population count) for taxing purposes

55 Great things Augustus did for Rome Reorganized the government so that it ran well Began taking a census (population count) for taxing purposes Before

56 Great things Augustus did for Rome Reorganized the government so that it ran well Began taking a census (population count) for taxing purposes After

57 ________ Rome – restored old temples, built new ones

58 Beautified Rome – restored old temples, built new ones

59

60 (2) famous quote – “__________ ______________________ ___________.”

61 (2) famous quote – “I found Rome a city of brick and left it a city of marble.”

62 Passed strict laws to govern ____ ______ (1) an attempt to bring back the old Roman _____ of honor, virtue, patriotism

63 Passed strict laws to govern public behavior (1) an attempt to bring back the old Roman _____ of honor, virtue, patriotism

64 Passed strict laws to govern public behavior (1) an attempt to bring back the old Roman values of honor, virtue, patriotism

65 Took care of “the people” (the _______) (1) created jobs for the poor - continued huge public works projects

66 Took care of “the people” (the plebeians) (1) created jobs for the poor - continued huge public works projects

67 (2) “______________” – free food and entertainment for the poor

68 (2) “bread and circuses” – free food and entertainment for the poor

69 Established the _____________ – special guard for Emperor

70 Established the Praetorian Guard – special guard for Emperor

71 Made Romans feel _______ and ____.

72 Made Romans feel patriotic and proud.

73 The Legacy of Augustus Caesar Augustus ruled as Emperor for __ years – died in 14 CE = ___

74 The Legacy of Augustus Caesar Augustus ruled as Emperor for 41 years – died in 14 CE = 41

75 _________ – 200 years of peace and progress in Rome (1) it was begun by _______ and his ability to ______ _________ and ______

76 _________ – 200 years of peace and progress in Rome (1) it was begun by Augustus and his ability to organize government and rule well

77 Pax Romana – 200 years of peace and progress in Rome (1) it was begun by Augustus and his ability to organize government and rule well

78 Major changes during the Pax Romana (1) ____ increased (a) everyone in the empire used the same ____

79 Major changes during the Pax Romana (1) trade increased (a) everyone in the empire used the same coins

80 (2) Roman ___ went through major changes

81 (2) Roman law went through major changes

82 (a) principles of law were developed that were fair to everyone * all people ____ before ______ * innocent until __________ * legal procedures same in all parts of the empire

83 (a) principles of law were developed that were fair to everyone * all people equal before the law * innocent until proven guilty * legal procedures same in all parts of the empire

84 From 27 BCE to 476 CE, __ different emperors would rule the Roman Empire TiberiusCaligulaClaudiusAugustusNero TrajanHadrianDiocletianConstantine I Romulus Augustulus

85 From 27 BCE to 476 CE, 82 different emperors would rule the Roman Empire TiberiusCaligulaClaudiusAugustusNero TrajanHadrianDiocletianConstantine I Romulus Augustulus

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