Presentation on theme: "What you know you can't explain, but you feel it. You've felt it your entire life, that there's something wrong with the world. You don't know what it."— Presentation transcript:
What you know you can't explain, but you feel it. You've felt it your entire life, that there's something wrong with the world. You don't know what it is, but it's there, like a splinter in your mind, driving you mad. ~~Morpheus
Rhetoric is the art of influence, friendship, and eloquence, of ready wit and irrefutable logic. And it harnesses the most powerful of social forces, argument. Whether you sense it not, argument surrounds you. It plays with your emotions, changes your attitude, talks you into a decision, and goads you to buy things. Argument lies behind political labeling, advertising, jargon, voices, gestures, and guilt trips; it forms a real-life Matrix, the supreme software that drives our social life. And rhetoric serves as argument’s decoder. ~~Jay Heinrichs Thank You For Arguing
Stuff? Oh, okay. I see. You think this has nothing to do with you. You go to your closet, and you select, I don't know, that lumpy blue sweater because you're trying to tell the world that you take yourself too seriously to care what you put on your back... However, that blue represents millions of dollars and countless jobs. It's sort of comical how you think you've made a choice that exempts you from the fashion industry, when in fact, you're wearing a sweater that was selected for you by the people in this room... from "a pile of stuff."
Appeals to LOGOS Reason Gets the audience to think
Appeals to LOGOS Reason Gets the audience to think Evidence! Statistics! Facts!
Say AHHH? A type of LOGOS appeal might be to break our expectations, upset a normal pattern, or make us do a “double take” because we think the text or image is one thing, but it might actually be / say something else.
Oh! These are hands. Let me look more closely! Let me think about this ad more. I’ll remember it all day.
Wow. These are really clever. And beautiful! My goodness it’s also a play on words and image—I’ve got the world at my fingertips—literally. How clever. AT&T is a genius company. They must be really great. (That’s LOGOS!)
Parodies or Irony are the realm of logos. It requires mental work to understand the advertisement. This type of rhetorical appeal, by engaging the audience’s reasoning skills, often has a great pay-off because the audience feels smart. The joke is not on me! I’m above this nonsense.
Vance Packard in his book The Hidden Persuaders (1964) noted that advertising agencies turn to psychology to gain insight as to why people react to messages in certain ways. He identified eight motivations that persuaders often tap to sell products:
Vance Packard in his book The Hidden Persuaders (1964) noted that advertising agencies turn to psychology to gain insight as to why people react to messages in certain ways. He identified eight motivations that persuaders often tap to sell products: Need for emotional security Need for reassurance of worth Need for ego gratification Need for creation outlets Need for love objects Need for a sense of power Need for roots Need for immortality
BlackAuthority and power. WhiteInnocence and purity. RedThe most emotionally intense color, red stimulates a faster heartbeat and breathing. It is also the color of love. BluePeaceful, tranquil blue causes the body to produce calming chemicals, so it is often used in bedrooms. Symbolizes loyalty. People are more productive in blue rooms. GreenNature, fertility.
YellowOptimism, happiness PurpleThe color of royalty, purple connotes luxury, wealth, and sophistication. It is also feminine and romantic. BrownSolid, reliable, sad and wistful. Orange: Energy, passion, appetite, joy
Why is the dominant color a soft brown? Why isn’t the eye looking at me? What does the sentence at the bottom do to me?
Interpreting the ideology behind the ad. Think about what story it’s trying to tell. What lifestyle is it promoting? What do you think about the philosophy of living? What if you think the ad is doing the opposite of what it’s trying to promote or sell?