Grammar and usage 1 板块：教学设计 —— 课件 Unit 3 Overview of adverbial clauses
Unit 3 课件描述： 本节课复习并总结状语从句： 帮助学生梳理状语从句的知识，复 习不同种类的状语从句。
Adverbial Clause What is adverbial clause? Definition: An adverbial clause is a dependent clause that functions as an adverb. Compare the two sentences: Every morning he sits there. Every morning he sits where there is a palm tree.
Time 时间状语从句 Adverbial Clause Place 地点状语从句 Reason 原因状语从句 Condition 条件状语从句 Purpose 目的从句 Result 结果从句 Manner 方式状语从句 Concession 让步状语从句 Contrast 比较状语从句
Adverbial Clause of Time 时间状语从句 连接词 连接词： when while as before after until/till immediately directly the moment the instant the minute by the time each time every time whenever
Adverbial Clause of Time 时间状语从句 when while as before after until/till While Jenny was doing the washing up, Jane was watching TV. the moment the instant the minute The instant I saw him, I knew I have seen him before. by the time The train had left by the time they rushed to the station.
Adverbial Clause of Time 时间状语从句 each time every time Every time I went to visit him, he was playing computer games. Each time we met with difficulties, they came to our help.
Adverbial Clause of Place 地点状语从句 连接词 连接词： where everywhere anywhere Put the key where you can find it later. Everywhere they went, they were kindly received.
判断以下的句子： It was in the house that his father worked in 2006. It was the house where his father worked in 2006. We stand where his father worked in 2006. I don’t know where his father worked in 2006. 强调句 定语从句 宾语从句 状语从句
Adverbial Clause of Reason 原因状语从句 连接词 连接词： because since as for that in that now (that) seeing that considering that
Adverbial Clause of Reason 原因状语从句 because since as for —Why are you late? —Because my car broke down on the way. It was because my car broke down on the way that I was late. You could help me with my homework since you’ve finished yours. It must have rained, for the ground is wet. “because” 从句强调原因 ; 常用来回答 “why” 的提问， 强调句中强调原因只能用 because 从句。 “since” “as” 从句表示的是显而易见的、或已知的原因 ; 强调的内容是主句。 “for” 从句表示的是附加、或者推断的原因。
Adverbial Clause of Reason 原因状语从句 that in that now (that) seeing that considering that I’m happy that you’ve told the truth. Some people say man differs from animals in that we have the ability to laugh. Considering that his wife has just had a bad cold, he decided to go to the party alone.
Adverbial Clause of Condition 条件状语从句 条件状语从句 真实条件句 虚拟条件句 连接词： if, unless, so long as, in case
Adverbial Clause of Condition 条件状语从句 If unless as long as in case I will go to the party if I am invited. I won’t go to the party unless invited. On condition that provided that given that We’ll let you use the room on condition that you keep it clean. Given that the patients have some disabilities, we still try to enable them to be as independent as possible. 条件从句中，一般现在时代表将来。
Adverbial Clause of Purpose 目的状语从句 连接词 连接词： so that in order that … Speak louder so that everyone can hear you. They started early in order that they could arrive home before dinner time. 连接词 连接词： lest for fear that … We dare not play jokes on him lest he (should) be angry. We stood under the tree quietly for fear that the bird (should) fly away.
Adverbial Clause of Result 结果状语从句 连接词 连接词： so … that such … that He was so angry that he yelled at me. It was such a nice day that we picnicked on the grass. So …, such … 置于句首，会引起倒装。So …, such … 置于句首，会引起倒装。 So angry was he that he yelled at me. Such a nice day was it that we picnicked on the grass.
Adverbial Clause of Manner 方式状语从句 连接词 连接词： as You’d better take things as they are. She lost her papers, just as I said she would. 连接词 连接词： as if as though 从句常用虚拟语气 He looked at me as if I were mad. He acted as though he had been there before.
Adverbial Clause of Concession 让步状语从句 连接词 连接词： though although even if even though Whether … or while no matter what/who/where/when/how … Whatever whoever wherever whenever however
Adverbial Clause of Concession 让步状语从句 连接词 连接词： though, although, even if, even though Though he is young, he could solve the problem on his own. Although he is a child, he could solve the problem on his own. 让步状语从句的倒装 让步状语从句的倒装 we use “as” in the inverted sentence in order to refer to concession: Try as he may, he never succeeds. Fail as I did, I would not abandon my goal. Young as he is, he could … Child as he is, he could …
Adverbial Clause of Concession 让步状语从句 连接词 连接词： whether … or … Whether she be right or wrong, I love her all the same. I’m going whether you like it or not. 连接词 连接词： while While they are my neighbours, I don’t know them well. While I’m willing to help, I don’t have much time available.
Adverbial Clause of Concession 让步状语从句 连接词 连接词： no matter what/who/where/when/how … whatever whoever wherever whenever however No matter how cold it is, she always goes swimming. However cold it is, she always goes swimming. No matter what you do, don’t touch this switch. Whatever you do, don’t touch this switch. You can’t go in, no matter who you are. You can’t go in, whoever you are. Whatever, whoever, whichever 还可以引导主语从句、宾语从句 : Buy whichever is the cheapest. Whoever breaks the rule deserves a fine.
Adverbial Clause of Contrast 比较状语从句 连接词 连接词： as than She loves the dog more than he does. The little girl wants to be as clever as her brother.
Read the dialogue in Part A on page 41 and fill in the blanks with conjunctions. Answers: 1. when 2. since 3. so/as long as 4. as though 5. as 6. as 7. if 8. unless
Read the passage in Part B on page 41 and fill in the blanks with conjunctions. Answers: 1. because2. so that/in order that 3. when4. in order that/so that 5. While/When6. If 7. where8. Although 9. If10. before
Homework 1. Review the grammar. 2. Finish C1 and C2 on page 120 of the workbook.