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Teaching Aim Reading I Reading II Extended Activities UNIT.

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1 Teaching Aim Reading I Reading II Extended Activities UNIT

2 Teaching Aim Unit 1 plants 1. Cognitive Information (认知信息) : Attitude to Life , Names of Plants 2. Language Focus (内容重点) — Key Words: I. twilight, medium sized, blaze, edge, shed, trunk, embrace, poise, encompass, observe, majesty, awaken; Ⅱ.big ticket stuff, nifty, downsizing , antique , sill, sprays, droop, hie, replacement, tab, swing, hotshot, lesser, touchstone, suspend

3 Teaching Aim Unit 1 plants — Phrases: I. right about, as yet, marvel at, feel like forget about, swim with, for an instant, catch fire, be doing; Ⅱ. switch to, find ways to do, feed oneself, go without, count for — Word Study: catch, scratch, marvel, observe — Useful Structures: for an instant There is nothing + adj. ( remarkable ) + about find ways to do sth. — Grammar: Subject and Verb Agreement ( 3 )

4 Teaching Aim Unit 1 plants 3. Communicative Skills (交际技能) — Expressions: Showing Satisfaction, Boredom and Displeasure — Reading: Table 4.Lexical Knowledge (词汇学知识) Prefixes : self-, super-, sub-, inter-, trans-

5 Background Information Reading I Unit 1 plants Pre-reading Text New Words and Expressions Exercises Post-reading UNIT

6 Pre-reading Unit 1 plants Pre-reading I Pre-reading I Pre-reading I Pre-reading II

7 Pre-reading I Unit 1 plants TreesFlowersParts of Trees or Flowers Verbs in Relation to Trees & Flowers mapletuliptrunkplant I. Brainstorming: Work with your partner and write out words or expressions about trees and flowers. pine firrose lily cultivate petal willow, chestnut, cherry, elm, cypress, poplar, apricot, plum, … bloom, flourish, wither, fade, cut down, prune, trim, clip, transplant,... root oak fell jasmine, morning- glory, daffodil, chrysanthemum, marigold, pink, daisy, orchid, lotus, peony, magnolia, carnation,... grow leaf violet pollen, sepal, branch, stem, twig, sprout, blossom,...

8 Pre-reading II Unit 1 plants 1. What is your favorite kind of trees / flowers? Why? 2. What is the value of trees and flowers in mans life? 3. Trees and flowers are often used as symbols . For example , red rose stands for love. list some other examples of this. 4.What influence does the increase in human population have on trees and flowers? 5.What will you do to preserve trees and flowers around you? Pairwork: Discuss the following questions with your partner.

9 New Words and Expressions Unit 1 plants New Words and Expressions Notes

10 Unit 1 plants 1.twilight n. the time when darkness is about to fall for the night 黄昏 2. jog v. to run slowly and steadily 慢跑 3.splash n. a small area of color (一 片)色斑 4.medium-sized a. neither large nor small 中号尺码的 5.maple n. a tree with pointed leaves that turn red in autumn 枫 树 6.messy a. disordered 杂乱的 New Words and Expressions

11 Unit 1 plants 7. whirl n. a mixed and confused state 纷乱 8. palette n. a board on which an artist mixes his colors 调色板 9. blaze n. to shine brightly 发光 10. crimson a. a. ( of ) a deep , slightly purplish red color 绯红的, 深红的 11. simmer v. to turn gradually into 渐渐变为 12. fiery a. red like fire 火红的 New Words and Expressions

12 Unit 1 plants 13. cascade v. to flow down like a small waterfall 倾泻 14. rivulet n. a small stream of water 小溪 15. blotch n. a colored mark on something 斑点 16. edge n. to move into little by little 挤入 17. pilgrim n. someone who travels a long way to a holy place for a religious reason 朝圣者 18. shrinen. a place of worship ; a holy or sacred place 圣地 New Words and Expressions

13 1. twilight 1 ) n. the time when darkness is about to fall for the night. 黄昏 e.g. Twilight begins at sunset and ends when the center of the Sun is more than 6° below the horizon. Jupiter is now rising before twilight ends, at about 8:30, so that by 9:30 it is rising higher into the eastern skies. 2 ) n. the small amount of light in the sky as the day ends. 暮色;黄昏的天色 e.g. It appeared shadowy and insubstantial in the twilight. 3 ) n. the period just before the end of the most active part of someone’s life. 暮年,晚年 e.g. the twilight of her acting career twilight years (人生的)暮年,晚年 [相 关 搭 配] at dusk/twilight : 黄昏 at daybreak : 破晓 at dawn : 清晨 at noon : 正午 at sunrise : 日出时分 at sunset : 日落时分 Language and Culture Focus Unit 1 plants

14 Language and Culture Focus Unit 1 plants 2. forget about 1 ) to no longer remember (sth.). 忘记 e.g. Charles seems to have forgotten about what happened. 2 ) to stop trying to do sth. because it no longer seems possible. 不再打算做;放弃 e.g. We’ll have to forget about going on holiday. If we cannot get any funding we might as well forget about the whole thing.

15 Unit 1 plants 3. swim with/in sth. : to be very full of liquid or completely surrounded by liquid. 充溢着某液体;浸泡 在某液体中 e.g. potatoes swimming in thick gravy (卤汁) Language and Culture Focus

16 Unit 1 plants 4. for an instant: for that moment. 在那一刻 e.g. She caught his eye for an instant. For an instant, love can transform the world. For an instant I was afraid to look, but when I did , I looked long and earnestly. [比较] in an instant: immediately. 很快 e.g. When the rain started, the crowd vanished in an instant. Language and Culture Focus

17 5. catch ( on ) fire : to start to burn. 着火 e.g. Mary knocked the candle over and the tablecloth caught on fire. We had a crisis at school yesterday when our chemistry laboratory caught fire [相关搭配] set sth. on fire/set fire to sth. : to cause sth. to burn. 使某物燃烧;放火烧某物 e.g. Rioters set fire to a whole row of stores. Sparks from the fireplace could easily set the curtains on fire. start a fire : 放火;纵火 a fire breaks out : 突然起火 put out a fire : 灭火 fight a fire : 扑火;灭火 make/build/light a fire : 生火 open fire : 开火;开枪 Unit 1 plants Language and Culture Focus

18 Unit 1 plants Language and Culture Focus 6. There is nothing + adj. ( remarkable ) + about ( sth./sb ) : ( sth./sb. ) is not... (某物 / 某人) 没有 ······ 的 e.g. There is nothing good about that man. There is nothing remarkable about the waterfall.

19 7. medium-sized : adj. neither large nor small in size. 中型的;中号尺码的 e.g. small and medium-sized enterprises/cars What can a medium-sized business do to create a competitive advantage? [相关搭配] large-sized : 大型的 e.g. large-sized enterprises small-sized : 小型的 e.g. small-sized cars king/queen-size (d) : 特大号的 e.g. a king-sized bed/cigarette medium/long/short-term : 中期的 / 长期的 / 短期的 e.g. medium-term report/investments medium/long/short wave : 中波 / 长波 / 短波 happy medium : 中庸之道 Unit 1 plants Language and Culture Focus

20 8. be right about : to be correct in. 在(某一方面)是正确的 e.g. You were right about the party — it’s awful. Uncle John was right about me , when he said I ought not to marry. Unit 1 plants Language and Culture Focus

21 Exercise I Unit 1 plants 1. Who first told the author about the maple tree? 2. What was remarkable about the tree? 3. What was the author doing when he first saw the tree? 4. What did the author think the instant he saw the tree? 5. What did the tree look like in the author’s eye? 6. How did the author compare the tree to a globe? 7. How many colors did the author mention to describe the tree? What are they? 8. How long would the tree’s majesty last? 9. What did the author feel like doing about the tree? 10.What did the author do as he walked home? I. Read the text carefully again and discuss the following questions.

22 Exercise II Unit 1 plants ( ) 1. The maple tree is compared to all of the following but ______ in the text . a. an artist’s palettb. fiery stars c. a work of art made up of pieces of various other work put together d. a globe embracing all seasons and continents ( ) 2. The author quoted Ralph Waldo Emerson’s comments about the stars to show_______ . a. why Emerson is thought to be a great thinker and philosopher b. why people don’t pay much attention to the stars in the sky c. why the maple tree should be especially precious to us d. why the colorful constellations appeared only once in a thousand years II. Choose the best answer to each of the following sentences. b c

23 Exercise II Unit 1 plants ( ) 3. The story happens in ________ . a. spring b. summer c. autumn d. winter ( ) 4. From the text , we can conclude that the author _______ . a. always worries about trifles b. is a religious pilgrim c. is an observant and skilled artist d. is a lover of the beauty in nature c d

24 Exercise II Unit 1 plants ( ) 5. The author asked each neighbor he passed the same simple question — “Have you seen the tree?” — because _______. a. it is the unique form of greeting in the town b. he wanted to follow Emily Dickinson’s father’s example c. he is the first one to know the majesty of the maple tree d. he felt an urge to alert everyone to the wonder of the tree d

25 Exercise III Unit 1 plants 1. ___________ to rub a surface with something pointed 2. ___________ to turn gradually into 3. ___________ a mixed or confused state 4. ___________ to hold something in arms 5. ___________ to be red like fire 6. ___________ to run slowly and steadily 7. ___________ to cause (leaves) to fall fiery scratch simmer whirl embrace jog shed III. Give the English words according to the meanings provided.

26 Exercise III Unit 1 plants 8. ________ to move little by little 9. ________ disordered 10. ________ to shine brightly 11. ________ impressive dignity 12. ________ to feel astonishment or wonder at majesty edge messy blaze marvel

27 Exercise IV Unit 1 plants IV. Put the following expressions from the text in the blanks to complete the sentences. Make changes where necessary. swim withembraceawakenbe right about edgeas yetencompassmarvel at blazefeel like for an instant poise 1. He has some money invested in mining stocks; ________ they have paid him no dividend . 2. _______ slowly down from the top of the cliff, the rescuer moved carefully towards the climber stuck between two rocks . 3. The exhibit is designed _________ a deeper understanding of Chinese culture. 4. Mr. Adams and his opponent, Mr. Davidson were reported ________________ each other in public as a sign of reconciliation . 5. __________ the beauty of the landscape around the lake, the tourists found it hard for them to leave for the next scenic spot . to have embraced as yet Edging to awaken Marveled at

28 Unit 1 plants 6. Since she was rather grouchy in the noisy crowd, she_______ being alone for a while . 7. The little Korean girl was able to walk for miles with a jar full of water _________ on the top of her head . 8. Although it was midnight, the high buildings still______ with lights . 9. The sun trembled _____________ on the edge of the distant hills, then started to sink behind them . felt like poised blazed for an instant swim withembraceawakenbe right about edgeas yetencompassmarvel at blazefeel like for an instant poise Exercise IV

29 Unit 1 plants 10. During the sales season, this department store_____________ customers. 11. Social, political and economic aspects of the current world situation _________________ in their study . 12. We thought that he _______________ the repairs which the cottage needed, and decided to help him with it. are encompassed is swimming with was right about swim withembraceawakenbe right about edgeas yetencompassmarvel at blazefeel like for an instant poise Exercise IV

30 Exercise V Unit 1 plants 1. The man had a bad cold and he was dizzy with a high fever. ________________________________________________ 2. Except for the excellent performance of the heroine, this movie is not interesting at all. ________________________________________________ 3. There has been no trouble so far. ________________________________________________ his head was swimming there is nothing interesting about this movie as yet V. Rewrite the following sentences and replace the underlined parts with appropriate words or phrases from the text.

31 Unit 1 plants 4. The loud noise woke me up. ________________________________________________ 5. The displeasure was gradually mounting to a rage. ________________________________________________ was simmering to awakened me Exercise V

32 Exercise VI Unit 1 plants VI. Word Study: For each of the following clues, use the given prompts to produce sentences in the same way as shown in the model. 1. Prompt : wind/so/strong/fire/catch ( v. ) /quicklycatch Model: The wind was so strong that fire caught quickly. a. police/launch/massive/operation/catch ( v. ) / murderer b. this/story/will/catch ( v. ) / attention/every/child c. catch ( n. ) /that/you/cant/enter/competition/unless/spend/100/store 1. a. The police have launched a massive operation to catch the murderer. b. This story will catch the attention of every child. c. The catch is that you can’t enter the competition unless you’ve spent 100 in the store. Key:

33 catch [基本用法] 1 ) vt. to capture or seize, especially after a chase. 捕捉,拿获,抓住 e.g. She threw the ball and I caught it. The cat catches mice. 2 ) find or see someone while they are actually doing sth. wrong or illegal. 撞见;当场发现 catch sb. doing sth. : 发现某人正在做某事 e.g. I caught him reading my private letters. catch sb. in the act of/catch 当场抓到某人 e.g. He was caught in the act of stealing. They say Buster was caught red handed. 3 ) vt. to reach just in time;take. 赶上 e.g. catch the bus to town catch a wave I managed to catch her just as she was leaving. Unit 1 plants Exercise VI

34 4 ) vt. to hold , as by snagging or entangling. 绊住;钩住 e.g. Bobby caught his shirt on a wire fence. 5 ) vt. to become subject to or to contract, as by exposure to a pathogen. 感 染,易感染 e.g. catch a cold He caught mumps. catch sth. from/off: 从 ······ 那里传染 e.g. I think I'm getting the flu — I must have caught it from Tom. 5 ) vt. to attract and fix; arrest. 吸引 e.g. couldn't catch their attention caught the teacher's eye The story catches the imagination of every child. [相 关 词] catchy adj. 容易记住的 e.g. a catchy song Unit 1 plants Exercise VI

35 [相 关 搭 配] catch sight of/catch a glimpse of: 瞧见;看见 catch hold of: 抓住 catch on: to become popular 流行;风行 e.g. It was a popular style in Britain but it never really caught on in America. catch up with: 赶上 Catch22: 第 22 条军规(无可奈何的矛盾状态;不可逾越的障碍;无法摆脱的困 境) e.g. I can't get a job unless I belong to the union, and I cannot join the union until I've got a job — it's a case of Catch-22/it's a Catch-22 situation! Note: Catch 22 comes from a book of the same title by American author Joseph Heller. The term referred originally to a military rule whose provisions are mutually frustrating. Today the term is hyphenated only when it is used as an adjective, as in a Catch-22 situation. 美国作家米勒 的同名小说中有条军规,说的是第二次世界大战期间,美国空军飞行员怕 死,很多人想停飞。按第 22 条军规,飞行员必须说明自己精神失常才能停 飞;但如果飞行员能够说明自己精神失常,那就恰好证明精神正常,不能 停飞。 Unit 1 plants Exercise VI

36 a. He got a scratch on his nose when he was teasing a cat. b. I scratched the side of my new car as I was driving through the gate. c. He now has a very successful business but he started from scratch. Unit 1 plants 2. Prompt: their/black/twigs/scratch ( v. ) /air/clawsscratch Model: Their black twigs scratch the air like claws . a. he/get/scratch ( n. ) / nose/he/tease/cat b. I/scratch ( v. ) / side/new/car/I/drive/gate c. he/now/have/very successful/business/he/start/scratch ( v. ) Key: Exercise VI

37 Task 1: Work in class Unit 1 plants Discussion What is China’s national flower? Many nations of the world have chosen flowers as national emblems. Some countries choose a flower which is mostly found in or otherwise strongly associated with the country, while some adopt a particular flower as the national flower owing to their history and tradition. Whatever the reason, flowers chosen as the national flowers have become a national logo. Here is a list of nations and their national flowers. Brainstorm and make the list longer.

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