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2.1 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc. 2.1-1 Reflexive and reciprocal verbs Reflexive verbs typically describe an action that the subject does to.

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Presentation on theme: "2.1 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc. 2.1-1 Reflexive and reciprocal verbs Reflexive verbs typically describe an action that the subject does to."— Presentation transcript:

1 2.1 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Reflexive and reciprocal verbs Reflexive verbs typically describe an action that the subject does to or for himself, herself, or itself. Reflexive verbs are conjugated like their non-reflexive counterparts but always use reflexive pronouns. Bruno se réveille.Bruno réveille son fils. Reflexive verbNon-reflexive verb

2 2.1 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Reflexive and reciprocal verbs Reflexive verbs se réveiller to wake up je tu il/elle nous vous ils/elles me réveille te réveilles se réveille nous réveillons vous réveillez se réveillent

3 2.1 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Reflexive and reciprocal verbs Many verbs used to describe routines are reflexive. s’arrêter to stop (oneself) se brosser to brush se coucher to go to bed se couper to cut oneself se déshabiller to undress se dépêcher to hurry se détendre to relax se fâcher (contre) to get angry (with) s’habiller to get dressed s’habituer à to get used to s’inquiéter to worry s’intéresser (à) to be interested (in) se laver to wash oneself se lever to get up se maquiller to put on makeup se peigner to comb se raser to shave se rendre compte de to realize se reposer to rest

4 2.1 Remember! When mentioning body parts, in French you use the definite article (le, la, les) instead of the posessive pronoun. Example: French: Je me brosse les dents à 5 heures du matin. English: I brush my teeth at 5 in the morning. NOT: Je me brosse mes dents… © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc

5 2.1 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Reflexive and reciprocal verbs Some verbs can be used reflexively or non-reflexively. Use the non-reflexive form if the verb acts upon something other than the subject. La passagère se fâche. The passenger is getting angry. Tu fâches la passagère. You are angering the passenger.

6 2.1 Pause de Madame! This is because of how DIRECT OBJECTS work in a sentence. A direct object directly receives the action of the verb. To help you remember (but not always a surefire rule…) A direct object answers the question ‘Who’ or ‘What’? If you can’t logically answer ‘Who’ or ‘What’ – it’s probably not a direct object. I bought a dress. J’ai acheté une robe. --What did I buy? A robe. Une robe is the direct object. © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc

7 2.1 So! With reflexive verbs, the reflexive pronoun IS the direct object. Jean se promène. Here, Jean is walking himself. What/Who is he walking? Himself. SE = the direct object. © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc

8 2.1 However!! Jean promène le chien. What or Who is he walking? Now he’s walking the dog (not himself) That means that we take away the reflexive pronoun, because it’s not the direct object. The dog is the direct object. © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc

9 2.1 Recap! Jean se promène. Who or what is he walking? Himself. Not someone/ something else. Jean promène le chien. Who or what is he walking? The dog. You took notes on this, right? It’s not in the book. Madame added it because it’s pretty important to understand how reflexive/reciprocal pronouns work. Also, you will kick yourself later on if you’re not paying attention now… © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc

10 2.1 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Many non- reflexive verbs change meaning when they are used with a reflexive pronoun and might not literally express a reflexive action. aller to go amuser to amuse apercevoir to catch sight of attendre to wait (for) demander to ask douter to doubt ennuyer to bother entendre to hear mettre to put servir to serve tromper to deceive s’en aller to go away s’amuser to have fun s’apercevoir to realize s’attendre à to expect se demander to wonder se douter de to suspect s’ennuyer to get bored s’entendre bien avec to get along with se mettre à to begin se servir de to use se tromper to be mistaken Reflexive and reciprocal verbs

11 2.1 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Reflexive and reciprocal verbs A number of verbs are used only in the reflexive form, but may not literally express a reflexive action. se méfier de to distrust se moquer de to make fun of se souvenir de to remember se taire to be quiet

12 2.1 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Reflexive and reciprocal verbs Form the affirmative imperative of a reflexive verb by adding the reflexive pronoun at the end of the verb with a hyphen in between. For negative commands, begin with ne and place the reflexive pronoun immediately before the verb. Habillons-nous. Il faut partir! Let’s get dressed. We have to leave! Ne vous inquiétez pas. Don’t worry.

13 2.1 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Reflexive and reciprocal verbs Remember to change te to toi in affirmative commands. Repose-toi bien ce week-end. Rest up this weekend. Tais-toi! Be quiet!

14 2.1 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Reflexive and reciprocal verbs Repose-toi bien ce week-end. Rest up this weekend. Tais-toi! Be quiet!

15 2.1 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Reflexive and reciprocal verbs Use l’un(e) l’autre and l’un(e) à l’autre, or their plural forms les un(e)s les autres and les un(e)s aux autres, to emphasize that an action is reciprocal. Béa et Yves se regardent. Béa and Yves look at each other. Béa and Yves look at themselves butBéa et Yves se regardent l’un l’autre. Béa and Yves look at each other. Ils s’envoient des s. They send each other s. They send themselves s. butIls s’envoient des s les uns aux autres. They send each other s.


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