Presentation on theme: "GAP/Food Safety for Fruit and Vegetable Growers"— Presentation transcript:
1 GAP/Food Safety for Fruit and Vegetable Growers Wythe MorrisCommercial Horticulture/ GAP/ Food SafetyVirginia Cooperative Extension
2 Good Agricultural Practices What is GAP?Good Agricultural PracticesThe agricultural/ food industry adopted this acronym to represent those methods and practices considered safe and appropriate to food operations from farm to table.
11 And the difference is…Direct Markets- those markets where product moves from the farm directly to the consumer. Example, Farmers Markets, Farm Roadside Stands, Pick Your Own, Consumer Supported Agriculture (CSA’s) and now restaurants and retail food establishments under new FDA Directive.Commercial Production- those markets where product (mainly in larger quantities) moves through intermediate steps such as harvest, packing, transportation and distribution before it gets to the consumer.
12 Just like your farm business plan, every farm food safety plan is unique and customized to fit your particular farm setup.
13 Food Safety Modernization Act Tester Hagan Amendment S.510 FSMAFood Safety Modernization ActDecember 21, 2010PlusTester Hagan Amendment S.510“The new program will take several years to roll out; even longer to become fully effective.”
14 4/15/2017GAP CertificationContinues to be voluntary until FDA directive (issued 1/4/2013) becomes final later this year.Comment period goes until May 16, 2013.Developed by Wythe Morris, Virginia Cooperative Extension
15 4/15/2017GAP CertificationContinues to be industry driven although the law is on the books and required compliance is presently being addressed.Developed by Wythe Morris, Virginia Cooperative Extension
16 Depending on your farm setup… You will need to be…GAP Trained orGAP Compliant orGAP CertifiedEach step will build on the previous step.This can and will change as yourfarm business plan changes.
17 GAP Trained The Participant: 1. Has a working knowledge of Good Agricultural Practices2. Has identified known hazards related to their farm operation3. Has developed a “plan of action” to address and monitor food safety related hazards on their farm
18 GAP Compliant The Participant: 1. Has implemented the plan of action that they have written and designed for their farm/business operation2. Is keeping and continues to keep records and documents as required
19 GAP Certified The Participant: 1. Has requested an audit from a “Third Party” auditing agency and passed the audit
20 Wholesale Growers, Packers, Distributors GAP TrainedGAP CompliantGAP CertifiedGrowersYESPackersTransportationDistributionProcessingRemains voluntary and industry driven at this time.
21 * Must pre-qualify under Tester-Hagan Amendment Direct MarketersGAP TrainedGAP CompliantGAP CertifiedFarmers MarketsYESNO*Farm Based Roadside StandsPick Your OwnCommunity Supported Agriculture* Must pre-qualify under Tester-Hagan Amendment
22 FSMA Proposed Rule for Produce: Compliance Dates Average annual value of food sales *Product Grown forTarget ConsumerGAP Certification RequirementTime to Comply with Audit **Time to Comply with Water Requirements **Smallest FarmsLess than $25,000Direct MarketsDirect Retail MarketsExempt ***XXXWholesaleIntermediary BuyersYES4 years6 yearsVery Small BusinessesLess than $250,000Subject to Tester Hagan AmendmentPartially Exempt ***Small BusinessesLess than $500,003 years5 yearsAll other BusinessesOver $500,000Consumer end users2 years* based on average of previous three years** from date of Final Rule published in Federal Register*** Direct marketers are still required to have training and comply with GAPs
23 Tester-Hagan Amendment (S.510) Direct Markets- sales directly from farm to consumer without going through a third party buyer.Limited retail and direct marketsDM sources must account for greater than 50% of a farm’s salesSales are conducted within the state orNo greater than 275 mile radius of the home farm.Farm produces less than $500,000 of product over the combined previous three years (Must be documented and verified).Required to prominently and conspicuously display, at the point of purchase, the name and business address of farm or facility where the food was manufactured (produced).
24 Tester-Hagan Amendment, ctd. Requires documentation that demonstrates that the owner, operator, or agent in charge of the facility:Has identified potential hazards associated with the food being producedIs implementing preventive controls to address the hazardsIs monitoring the preventive controls to ensure that such controls are effective
25 Tester-Hagan Amendment, ctd. CSA’s, Farmers Markets, Roadside Stands, PYO are all considered retail food establishments under S.510 and regulated by state and local agencies i.e. licensed by locality and state health departments. S.510 “NO PREEMPTION-Compliance with this subsection shall not relieve any person from liability at common law or under State statutory law.”
26 Developing Your Plan of Action A Plan of Action ManualHelps to ID HazardsHelps to ID Preventive ControlsHelps to set up MonitoringOrganized system recognized by auditors or other personnelCan move into full certification if needed
27 Potential Hazards? Sanitation Issues Workers Produce Drinking water Sanitary facilitiesHand washingTrainingIllnessesAccidents and First AidProduceManure managementHarvest containers and equipmentWashing/ sanitation
28 Are the same items required for all farms? Because the same audit questions are asked of all farms, the questions are the same but, the answers are customized to fit your farm situation as described in your Farm Food Safety Plan of Action Manual.The method that one farmer may use to comply with a question may be different than another farmer.Both may still be correct responses and both will receive credit for the question.
33 Preventive Controls? Good Agricultural Practices Drip irrigation Chemical application and fertigationCrop and field rotationsField assessmentsEquipment MaintenancePrivate pesticide license
34 Preventive Controls? Reducing or preventing contamination Water testingResearchSelf assessment of our farmPrevious land useAerial photosStandard Operating ProceduresHarvesting and Packaging
35 Monitoring? Traceability System Plant Protection Records One step back One step forwardAssigning lot numbersPlant Protection Records
36 Top 15 Actions To Address GAP/ Food Safety NRV Field Day- Kentland8/17/2010Developing Your GAP/ Food Safety Plan of Action ManualTop 15 Actions To Address GAP/ Food Safety1- Document2- Document3- Document4- Document5- Document6- Document7- Document8- Document9- Document10-Document11-Document12-Document13-Document14-Document15- If it is not written down, it did not happen.Developed by Wythe Morris, Virginia Cooperative Extension36
37 Direct Marketers… Final Notes for Direct Marketers… Participate in trainingDevelop your farm planWork your plan and documentStay tuned…
38 What if I decide to expand and sell produce in wholesale quantities?
39 Advice to GrowersKnow what your buyers and packers require in the way of GAP Certification.Find this information out before you grow your crop.Don’t wait until the last minute. If you know you need to be GAP Certified… the process takes reasonable time and effort. Plan ahead!!!
40 NRV Field Day- Kentland 8/17/2010Questions?Wythe Morris, ANR Agent Commercial Horticulture/ GAP/ Food Safety Virginia Cooperative ExtensionDeveloped by Wythe Morris, Virginia Cooperative Extension