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Small Farmers’ Agribusiness Consortium

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Presentation on theme: "Small Farmers’ Agribusiness Consortium"— Presentation transcript:

1 Linking smallholders to the agri value chain Imperatives for inclusive economic growth
Small Farmers’ Agribusiness Consortium (Dept. of Agriculture and Cooperation) Govt. of India लघु कृषक कृषि व्यापार संघ भारत सरकार, कृषि मंत्रालय

2 What ails smallholder agriculture
Investment deficit: less than 10% access institutional credit; poor capital formation; no avenues to leverage assets Technology deficit: Irregular and unreliable technical advice (19% depend on private input dealers for advice; only 9% on govt. extension staff: NSSO study 2005) Input deficit: uncertain input supplies; huge dependence on unregulated private markets for water, labour etc. Market deficit: Monopoly and monopsony market conditions; opaque price discovery; poor marketing infrastructure; lack of bargaining power

3 FPOs Department of Agriculture and Cooperation (DAC), Ministry of Agriculture, Govt. of India will act as the nodal agency for the development and growth of FPOs.

4 Small Farmers’ Agribusiness Consortium (SFAC), a Society under DAC, is the designated agency of DAC to act as a single-window for technical support, training needs, research and knowledge management and to create linkages to investments, technology and markets. SFAC will provide all- round support to State Governments, FPOs and other entities engaged in promotion and development of FPOs. In particular, SFAC will create sustainable linkages between FPOs and inputs suppliers, technology providers, extension and research agencies and marketing and processing players, both in the public and private sectors.

5 The mandate of National Cooperative Development Corporation (NCDC) will be expanded to include FPOs in the list of eligible institutions which receive support under the various programmes of the Corporation. NAFED will take steps to include FPOs in the list of eligible institutions which act on its behalf to undertake price support purchase operations.

6 DAC will work with Food Corporation of India (FCI) and State Governments to encourage them to include FPOs as procurement agencies under the Minimum Support Price (MSP) procurement operations for various crops. DAC and its designated agencies will work with NABARD and other financial institutions to direct short and medium term credit for working capital and infrastructure investment needs of FPOs. DAC will also work with all relevant stakeholders to achieve 100% financial inclusion for members of FPOs and link them to Kisan Credit Cards.

7 DAC will work with Ministry of Corporate Affairs and other stakeholders to further clarify and strengthen provisions of the law relating to the registration, management and regulation of FPOs with a view to fostering fast paced growth of FPOs.

8 How FPOs benefit small producers
Aggregating smallholders into FPOs proven pathway to increase investment, improve bargaining power, move up value chains and improve access to technology, markets. Aggregation only way to enable SMF to exploit emerging opportunities domestic and global by integrating with SMEs; retail chains Climate change coping mechanisms and risk mitigation requires aggregated platforms for efficient delivery Aggregation will facilitate more effective targeting of subsidies to farmers

9 SFAC FPO network structure
Marketing linkage/inputs/credit S F A C Village level (Crop planning, seed production, demonstration, knowledge sharing, aggregation) Cluster level (10-12 villages) (Credit, inputs, technology, capacity building, marketing linkages) State level (Policy advocacy, explore wider markets, strategic partnerships) Federation of KPCs ( farmers) KPC (1000 farmers/ 50 FIGs in each) FIG (15-20 farmers in each group) Kisan Producer Co/Coop

10 Training and Networking
Farmer Producer Organisations (FPOs) Typical range of services provided FPO (Seed, fertilizer, machinery) Input supply (Credit, savings, insurance, extension) Financial & technical (contract farming, procurement under MSP) Marketing linkages (HRD, policy advocacy, documentation) Training and Networking

11 Status of FPO Promotion
Target No. of Farmers to be mobilized No. of FIGs (15-20 farmers) to be formed No. of FPOs to be formed 2.85 lakh 227 No. of Farmers mobilized No. of FIGs (15-20 farmers) formed No. of FPOs registered No. of FPOs under process Registration 2.80 lakh 15000 147 80 Achievement

12 STATE WISE STATUS OF FPO PROMOTION Name of State Achievement No. of Farmers No. of FIGs FPO Registered FPO registration under process 1 Arunachal Pradesh 1678 94 2 Andhra Pradesh 29395 987 8 3 Assam 6000 300 NA 4 Bihar 6606 408 7 5 Chhattisgarh 6063 412 6 Delhi 3520 196 Goa 1810 116 Gujarat 10461 536 9 Haryana 5073 259 10 Jammu 1500 85 11 Srinagar 600 35 12 Jharkhand 10107 628 13 Karnataka 20001 1094 14 Kerala 3160 158 15 Himachal Pradesh 72 16 Madhya Pradesh 34410 1861 33 17 Maharashtra 36917 2065 29 18 Manipur 1750 84 19 Meghalaya 140 20 Mizoram 700 21 Nagaland 139 22 Odisha 6001 301 23 Punjab 6005 343 24 Rajasthan 32215 1827 25 Sikkim 1876 159 26 Tamil Nadu 5940 298 27 Tripura 127 28 Uttarakhand 6004 359 Uttar Pradesh 23245 1209 30 West Bengal 8322 641 TOTAL 280609 14968 147 80

13 Direct marketing efforts by FPOs
Andhra Pradesh Retail selling through mobile vans Maharashtra Rs. 7-8 lakh worth of vegetables are being directly marketed daily to 30 housing societies in Thane, Mulund and Kalyan, resulting in saving of 1 to 1.25 lakh per day (middle man charges) Jharkhand Collective marketing of produce including cabbage, cauliflower, tomato, beet root, gourd and coriander etc.

14 organic cultivation and convergence with Government schemes
Bihar organic cultivation and convergence with Government schemes Chhattisgarh Not only promoted women empowerment but also helped attain sustainable livelihood Delhi Established linkages with Mother Dairy, Reliance Fresh and Bharti Walmart

15 Collective Marketing of vegetables
Goa State Horticulture Corporation Ltd. procures the vegetables from the farmers’ groups on fixed rate basis. Gujarat Collective Marketing of vegetables Haryana Onion field

16 capsicum cultivation in the protected environment
Karnataka capsicum cultivation in the protected environment Kerala Roof Top Gardening Punjab Cultivation of Lettuce and Iceberg at Farmers’ Field in Samrala, Ludhiana

17 Madhya Pradesh Odisha Sikkim
Market Linkage by grading & packing Odisha Aggregation, distribution, market linkage and retailing for farmers- ICT led model by private company Sikkim Established a unit for water harvesting


19 FPOs in the XII Plan XII Plan document endorses FPO mobilization
Policy framework to promote FPOs under RKVY 2014: Year of Farmer Producer Organisations 2014: UN Year of Family Farming

20 FPO focus of XII Plan Component for FPO promotion in all major CSS
RKVY window opened for FPO promotion (MP: 100 FPOs; WB: 50 FPOs; Sikkim: 10 FPOs; UP: 50 FPOs; Kerala: 30 FPOs) Equity Grant and Credit Guarantee Fund Scheme RBI included financing of FPOs upto Rs crores under priority sector lending norms GBY: 33% subsidy to FPOs Venture Capital Scheme: minimum project size reduced to Rs lakhs; poultry, dairy included

21 Building an ecosystem for supporting FPOs
Challenges ahead

22 Ecosystem for sustainable FPO
Retailers/Processors MSP NSPOT/NCDEX Link to Consultant Banks SFI/GVT HR Plan Ecosystem for sustainable FPO Marketing EGCGFS Infrastructure Retailing Services (Technical) Credit HRD PHI/VIUC GBY VCA NMFP RKVY/PPIAD CSC Banks NBFCs FPOs as sourcing point for rural products FPOs as rural retail points for consumer products/services Inputs BDS/ERP WHR Mechanization Krishidoot

23 Thank You

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