Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Re-orienting Irish perspectives on global development towards sustainable human development Su-ming Khoo Ryan Institute Cluster for Environment, Development.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Re-orienting Irish perspectives on global development towards sustainable human development Su-ming Khoo Ryan Institute Cluster for Environment, Development."— Presentation transcript:

1 Re-orienting Irish perspectives on global development towards sustainable human development Su-ming Khoo Ryan Institute Cluster for Environment, Development & Sustainability (CEDS) NUI Galway

2 Irish perspectives on global development  Global development stance reflects Ireland’s own development trajectory ‘Network’ developmental state (O’Riain 2004; 2009)  ‘Late’, progressive and rapid ODA growth , decline – cuts  Historical preponderance of missionary/charity sector Strong state partnerships with FBOs, NGOs CSOs (25% ODA) Fit with private sector/ social enterprise?  Narrow view of expertise ? topics/countries; RBM  Underdeveloped endogenous public good research reliance on multilateral networks, consultancy  Policy networker/ broker – progressive ‘like-minded’ donor group

3 Ireland - Priority topics and approaches  Global Health: vertical disease focus (malaria, HIV, TB) balanced with broader systems/ equity approaches, maternal and child health  Humanitarian/ Disaster: ‘fragility’ vs. risk reduction and resilience  Gender equality – ‘gender mainstreaming’, economics, GBV Consortium.  Hunger/Agriculture – Broad ambitions : sustainable livelihoods? climate adaptation? Narrow focus - nutrition, value-chain – focus on specific partnerships/foods, includes global public good crop research (CGIAR)  Water and sanitation - community/participatory approaches (governance)  Education - monitoring, assessment (EFA), child protection. Refocus on quality issues and higher education  Climate change a stated priority, but....???  9 IA ‘Key Partner’ countries – Ethiopia, Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia, Sierra Leone, Tanzania, Uganda, Lesotho, Vietnam

4 (Un)Sustainable Human Development  Global debate on UN SD Goals has not resolved basic contradictions  SD concept has faltered, failing to link ecosystems, human needs/well- being/rights and social development  Alternative approaches to understanding, measuring and doing SD are not widely understood or utilised  Happy Planet Index shows that only 5 countries are near SHD NO country has succeeded across all 3 goals of health and well-being, within environmental limits (NEF 2012).  Threshold concepts/measures not integrated ‘Safe operating space’  Limited recognition for ‘vulnerable groups’ - indigenous, women, poor Mitigation strategies for the well-off not connected to adaptations for poor Neglect how whole societies plan, account, produce, build, transport, consume  Neglect Middle Income countries (5/7 Billion, 73% of world’s poor)

5 Future Earth: Science and Development  Integrated knowledge for climate change, food, water, health, shelter, biodiversity and ecosystems (inter  trans-disciplinary)  Needed: conceptual work and indicators, theory and data Human, natural and social capital stocks, flows and critical thresholds, Conceptually linked with human deprivations, rights, wellbeing, participation  Problems concern social distributions/equity/justice Ethical, political and cultural perspectives are basic topics  Redress over-emphasis on ‘old economics’ measures /methods vis-a-vis ‘New economics’ - natural and social stocks and flows  A fundamental challenge - turning around the Anthropocene To reach a safe operating space for humanity Addressing basic needs deprivation, injustice, peace Conserving and restoring livelihood systems in their ecological context

6 Broaden social sciences tools and approaches  Economic valuation....but also alternative measures  Behavioural approaches...but also collective and political action  Public goods and commons  Legal and rights-based approaches  Ethical perspectives – wisdom, justice, relationships  Sociological and cultural analysis – the symbolic and communicative domains  Don’t forget educational theory and practice

7 Five messages for Anthropocene science  Sustainable human development requires a new ecology of practice bridging science and society  Develop shared language and methodologies – mainstream SHD concepts, methods and measures within and across disciplines, in research, teaching and public communication  Move beyond survival/ humanitarian relief – towards visions and measures for environmental and human security, wellbeing, flourishing and thriving  Include middle income and urban, as well as rural livelihoods.  Foster global solidarity and collective responsibility through education, networking and capacity building

8 Mathare Valley, Kenya. © Crispin Hughes / Panos Pictures Traditional biodiverse farming, Uttaranchal, IndiaPoster for Environmental Pillar consultation, Galway Nov % of people in Gaza are in poverty, 75% receive food aid

9 Biodiverse horticulture in school gardens, Uganda Livelihoods, Capabilities, Assets, Science, Networking, Education, Solidarity, People Transformation towards sustainable human development

10 Royal Irish Academy Future Earth General Discussion: Chair - Professor Anna Davies, Trinity College Dublin, Chair of the Royal Irish Academy’s Future Earth Organising Committee


Download ppt "Re-orienting Irish perspectives on global development towards sustainable human development Su-ming Khoo Ryan Institute Cluster for Environment, Development."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google