ניתוח כלכלי השקעות : אנרגיה טלקום מים אגרו תחזית : האטה בצמיחה הכלכלית (3-4% לשנה 2013-2016) בחירות כלליות ב -2014 אבטלה ואי שקט חברתי
SWOT חוזקותחולשות כלכלת סחורות מנהיגה כלכלית אזורית גודל שוק : 52 מיליון צרכנים שחקן אזורי / עולמי בתחומי הטלקום, הנייר, המשקאות, המכרות תשתיות מפותחות עוני כרוני צמיחה איטית בירוקרטיה איטית הסכמי סחר עם אירופה \ ארה " ב יחסים מדיניים במשבר מדיניות העדפה מתקנת הזדמנויותאיומים הצטרפות ל -BRICS צרכים של שוק מתפתח : יעילות אנרגטית, אנרגיה חלופית טלקום – שחקנים חדשים, פס רחב מים – התפלה, מכרות, מוניציפלי פשע שחיתות מטבע לא יציב סימון מוצרים הגברת הדרישה ללוקליזציה ושותפי BEE
התפלגות היצוא 1-9/2012 יצוא 319 מיליון $ 10%- (18%- ביהלומים ) יבוא 590 מיליון $ 10%-
Characteristics of South Africa’s Agriculture Dualism; a modern commercialized farming sector as well as small scale farmers usually in former homeland areas. The sector is characterized by different branches namely; field crop husbandry, horticulture, animal production, dairy farming, fish farming, game farming and agro processing. South Africa can be divided into distinct farming regions, and farming activities range from intensive crop production in winter rainfall and high summer rainfall areas, to cattle ranching in the bushveld and sheep farming in the more arid regions and livestock farming. Although 80% of the land is used for agriculture and subsistence farming, only 12% is arable land and the rest is used for grazing.
Dairy Farming The industry has 3550 commercial farmers that own approximately 980 000 dairy cows. Average milk production per cow per day was 17, 6 litres in 2010. A total of 89% of milk was sold in the formal market and 3% informally. The rest of the milk was used for own consumption and calves. The total production for 2012 is currently estimated at 2 695-million litres, up 3, 0% on 2011. Economic activities within this field include the production and marketing of raw milk, pasteurized milk and cream, yoghurt, cheese and whey, milk powder, sweetened and unsweetened milk as well as butter and butter oil.
Value and distribution of agricultural production South Africa has 2.7 million hectares of cultivated land of which only 10, 45 million (82 percent) is used for commercial purposes. The value of agricultural production in South Africa was R147 283 million in 2011, while its contribution to the GDP was approximately R64 billion. The estimated volume of agricultural production during 2011 was 0, 1% higher than in 2010. The volume of ﬁeld crop production increased by 1, 2%, mainly as a result of an increase in the production of winter cereals (wheat, barley and canola) and oilseeds (sunﬂower seed and soya beans), as well as cotton.
2008/20092009/20102010/2011 Field cropsR 35 083, 7 MillionR 30 424, 0 MillionR 36, 353,5 Million HorticultureR 23,409, 8 MillionR 33 530,0 MillionR 36, 377,6 Million Animal ProductionR 60 952, 5 millionR 65, 362,4 MillionR 67, 685,9 Million Horticultural production decreased by 0, 9%, which can mainly be attributed to decreases in the production of deciduous fruit (pears and grapes) and subtropical fruit (avocados and mangoes). Animal production increased slightly by 0, 2%. The Free State, Northern Cape and Eastern Cape provide the highest concentration of agricultural activity by the number of farming units. Value and distribution of agricultural production cont.
Limpopo The province is one of the richest agricultural areas. Limpopo has abundant orchards of subtropical fruits and nuts which form the basis of the thriving agro industrial sector Other notable cash crops include vegetables, cotton and tobacco Limpopo produces 43% of the R2 billion annual turnover of the Johannesburg Fresh Produce Market. As the largest producers of various crops in the agricultural market, Limpopo contributes 6, 7% to the national GDP. The bushveld is cattle country, where controlled hunting is often combined with ranching. About 80% of South Africa's hunting takes place in this province.
Mpumalanga Agriculture in Mpumalanga, which holds 17% of the medium-potential arable land in South Africa, is characterized by a combination of commercialized farming, subsistence and livestock farming and emerging crop farming. Nelspruit is the second-largest citrus-producing area in South Africa Groblersdal is an important irrigation area, which yields a wide variety of products such as citrus fruit, cotton, tobacco, wheat and vegetables. Carolina-Bethal-Ermelo is mainly a sheep-farming area, but potatoes, sunflowers, maize and peanuts are also produced in this region.
Eastern Cape The Eastern Cape is the "livestock" province of the country and is home to 21% of South Africa's cattle, 28% of its sheep and 46% of its goats. The province is a major producer of chicory, pineapples, tomatoes, citrus fruit, deciduous fruit and tea. Opportunities are available: Direct investment in primary agricultural activities - according to the latest research, one million hectare of land is available in the North- Eastern part of the province for primary livestock and crop production; Downstream agricultural infrastructure and manufacturing; Agricultural transport solutions for crops and livestock; Storage and warehousing of agricultural produce for beneficiation; Agricultural food processing; Agricultural marketing; and Crop, livestock and agricultural product distribution.
Western Cape In the eastern part of the Western Cape, a great variety of vegetables is cultivated. The inland Karoo region (around Beaufort West), and the Overberg district (around Bredasdorp), produce wool and mutton, and pedigree Merino breeding stock The Western Cape produces export-grade fruit such as apples, table grapes, olives, peaches and oranges. A variety of vegetables is cultivated in the eastern part of the Western Cape, while wheat is grown in the Swartland and Overberg districts The province is also a leader in the export of ostrich meat to Europe. In addition to meat, fine leather ware and ostrich feathers are also exported Snoek, Cape lobster, abalone, calamari, octopus, oysters and mussels are among the delicacies produced
Free State In the Free State, almost two million ha are used for agricultural production of which 100 000 ha are under irrigation. It is known as the "bread basket" of South Africa, about 90% of the province is under cultivation for crop production. About 40% of South Africa's total maize crop, 50% of wheat, 80% of sorghum, 33% of potatoes, 45% of sunflower, 18% of red meat, 30% of groundnuts, 26% of dry beans, 15% of wool and almost all of the cherries (90%) are produced here. The Free State is responsible for 15% of South Africa’s gross agricultural income. The Free State’s agricultural riches are many and varied, and the sector contributes approximately 7% to the provincial gross domestic product (PGDP). Game hunting is a fast growing industry
Kwazulu-Natal The sugar-cane plantations along the Indian Ocean coastal belt form the mainstay of the economy and agriculture of the region. The coastal belt is also a large producer of subtropical fruit, while the farmers in the hinterland concentrate on vegetables, dairy and stock farming The agricultural sector is mainly focused on the following: Crops: Sugar, Maize Horticulture: Sub-tropical fruits especially Pineapples and Bananas, Cashew nuts, Potatoes, Vegetables. Forestry: SA Pine, Saligna, Black Wattle, Eucalyptus, Poplar. Animal Husbandry: Beef, Sheep (mutton and wool), Pigs, Poultry
Northern Cape The Northern Cape produces some of the highest-quality agricultural products in South Africa. Produce ranges from grapes, lucerne, cotton, wheat, corn, carrots, potatoes, ground nuts and soya beans. The province is fast becoming a significant exporter of table grapes, raisins and meat. The establishment of fruit and vegetable processing operations would add value to the province's agricultural products. There are opportunities for the production and processing of dates, olives, rooibos tea and citrus products The Northern Cape is also large producer of sheep and goats, with specialist products such as ostrich meat on the rise.
North West Some 5, 9% of the South African GDP in agriculture and 16, 96% of total labour in agriculture is based in North West The country's major producer of white maize. The province is an important food basket in South Africa. Maize and sunflowers are the most important crops Some of the largest cattle herds in the world are found at Stellaland near Vryburg, which explains why this area is often referred to as the "Texas of South Africa". The areas around Rustenburg and Brits are fertile, mixed- crops farming land.
Gauteng Gauteng's agricultural sector is geared to provide the cities and towns of the province with daily fresh produce. A large area of the province falls within the so-called Maize Triangle. The districts of Bronkhorstspruit, Cullinan and Heidelberg hold important agricultural land, where ground-nuts, sunflowers, cotton and sorghum are produced. Food, food processing and beverages make up a significant part of the province's economy, with half of South Africa's agri-processing companies operating in Gauteng.
Imports and exports YearValue of ImportsValue of Exports ProcessedUnprocessedTotal 2009R 35 039, 2 MillionR 46 468,8 Million990,6 millionR 47 459, 4 Million 2010R 34 626, 8 Million--R 46 130 Million 2011R 44 926, 4 Million--R 50 994 Million The estimated value of imports in 2011 was approximately R 44 926, 4 million compared to 2010’s R 34 627 and increase of 29.8 %. With regards to exports, there was an increase of about 10, 5% from 2010’s R 46 130 million to R 50 994 million in 2011 In 2011, wheat and meslin (R4 346 million), rice (R3 687 million), palm oil (R2 992 million), poultry meat (R2 734 million) and soya- bean oil (R2 712 million) were the ﬁve major import products in terms of value.
South Africa is largely dependent on the rest of the world markets for seed production and agro processing. South Africa currently imports 70% of fertilizers and pesticides. 2008200920102011 FertilizerR7,586,002,016R2,464,990,298R3,060,227,780R5,425,602,957 Insecticides, fungicides, herbicides, etc R 1, 964,944, 587R 1, 840, 252, 491R2,027,790,331R2,417,952,882 Agricultural machinery, soil preparation and soil cultivation R 558,746,967R 449,732,137R367,645,543R 560,311,775 Imports and exports cont.
The estimated value of exports showed an increase of 10, 5%, from R46 130 million in 2010 to about R50 994 million in 2011. According to the 2011 agricultural export ﬁgures, citrus fruit (R7 067 million); maize (R6 038 million); wine (R5 492 million); grapes (R3 398 million); and apples, pears and quinces (R3 337 million) were the ﬁve most important export products in terms of value Imports and exports cont.
Capital assets, investment and expenditure in agriculture The value of capital assets in agriculture as at 31 December 2011 is estimated at R242 520 million, as against R223 416 million at the end of December 2010—an increase of 8,6%. Land and ﬁxed improvements constituted R143 869 million, machinery and implements R43 924 million and livestock R54 728 million of the total value of capital assets. In the case of machinery, implements and vehicles, investment decreased by 36, 7% and amounted to R8 099 million During 2011, expenditure on intermediate goods and services increased by 13, 0% to R84 793 million. Expenditure on farm feeds remained the biggest expenditure item, accounting for 22,0% of total expenditure
Factors impacting on the sector Water availability Climate Change HIV/AIDS Legislation Farm Security Land reform programs Broad Based black economic empowerment Skills demand and supply Global recession and rise in food prices International trade and trade agreements Changing consumer patterns and demands Quality Standards
Nampo 2013 Nampo is one of the largest privately organized and owned exhibitions in the world and the largest show of agricultural machinery and livestock in the southern hemisphere. 2012 event had 681 exhibitors and an attendance of 71 723 people The event presents an opportunity for all manufacturers and distributors of agricultural machinery, products and services to exhibit as well as demonstrate their vast range of products to target audience. All known sectors of the agricultural input suppliers are represented An opportunity to showcase Israeli technology and information in areas of energy conservation, farm management and water conservation.