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Bob Polomski, Ph.D. Clemson Extension Horticulturist Clemson University, South Carolina September 12, 2010 Emerging Issues in Arboriculture.

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Presentation on theme: "Bob Polomski, Ph.D. Clemson Extension Horticulturist Clemson University, South Carolina September 12, 2010 Emerging Issues in Arboriculture."— Presentation transcript:

1 Bob Polomski, Ph.D. Clemson Extension Horticulturist Clemson University, South Carolina September 12, 2010 Emerging Issues in Arboriculture

2 Emerging Issues in Arboriculture  Tree selection  Production  Planting  Establishment  Urban soil management (“soil restoration”  Plant Health Care

3 Tree Selection  The search for the perfect landscape/street tree continues…. --evaluation of new species and cultivars

4 Tree Selection Biomechanics: study of the structural behavior of trees  Study branch failures  Learn why some trees stay upright in a storm while others fail;  Prune to prevent storm damage

5 Tree Production  Effects on successful tree establishment and longevity --evaluate container types and container treatments to reduce/ eliminate circling roots

6 Tree Production  Effects on successful tree establishment and longevity --evaluate container types and container treatments to reduce/ eliminate circling roots

7 Tree Production  Effects on successful tree establishment and longevity --evaluate container types and container treatments to reduce/ eliminate circling roots

8 Tree Planting An estimated 80% of all landscape tree problems originating below ground relate to quality and placement of the root system. Structural root defects and root planting depth issues can occur during all stages of tree production and establishment including nursery propagation and production, landscape specification development and planting, and post ‐ planting and transplanting maintenance.

9 Planting and establishment An estimated 80 percent of all landscape tree problems originating below ground relate to quality and placement of the root system. Structural root defects and root planting depth issues can occur during all stages of tree production and establishment including nursery propagation and production, landscape specification development and planting, and post ‐ planting and transplanting maintenance.

10 Tree Selection

11 Tree Planting Bare root --Develop methods and products to use for bare-rooting trees at planting time (root washing, pressure washing, and air excavation) Bassuk, N. L Creating the urban forest: the bare root method Urban Horticulture Institute Cornell University Ithaca, NY.

12 Tree Planting  Bare rooting--technique to reveal tree roots prior to finishing the planting or transplanting process  Need to see root defects--if possible, correct and adjust planting height “Bare Root to Bare Root – Coming Full Circle” (www.mortonarb.org/deeptreeroots/pdf/LBG_Abstracts.pdf)

13 Tree Planting  Bare rooting--technique to reveal tree roots prior to finishing the planting or transplanting process  Need to see root defects--if possible, correct and adjust planting height/depth. “Bare Root to Bare Root – Coming Full Circle” (www.mortonarb.org/deeptreeroots/pdf/LBG_Abstracts.pdf)

14 Tree Planting  Plant trees at the proper depth --Deep roots of landscape trees: A comprehensive guide to current research and practice (www.mortonarb.org/deeptrees)www.mortonarb.org/deeptrees

15 Planting too deep is deadly  93% of professionally- planted trees (Smiley and Booth, 2000)  75% of nursery-grown trees (Maynard 1995)

16 Tree Planting  Container-grown --evaluate root pruning strategies: slicing, shaving, bare rooting, or butterflying Alleviate root defects after planting and ensure survival and vigorous growth of trees after planting.

17 Planting and establishment  Container-grown --evaluate root pruning strategies: slicing, shaving, bare rooting, or butterflying

18 Post-planting survival and establishment New technologies to improve post-plant survival and stress resistance in urban trees, e.g., biostimulants, humectants, mycorrhizae, etc.

19 Established Trees  Urban soil management (“soil restoration”) --Root Invigoration®

20 Established Trees  Urban soil management (“soil restoration”) --Root Invigoration®

21 Established Trees

22 Planting and Establishment  Urban soil management (“soil restoration”) --Root Invigoration® --Aerated Compost Tea (ACT)

23 Planting and establishment  Urban soil management (“soil restoration”) --Root Invigoration® --Aerated Compost Tea (ACT) --Biochar – carbon-rich product (wood, manure, leaves) heated in absence of O 2

24 Planting and establishment tOneThing/video/green-plant- soil-biochar

25 Plant Health Care: Pests  Emerald ash borer (Agrilus planipennis) --Native of China and Eastern Asia --Michigan in states and parts of Canada

26 PHC: Pests  EAB management _Insecticide_Fact_Sheet.pdf

27 PHC: Pests  Walnut twig beetle and thousand cankers disease of black walnut (Juglans nigra)—insect-disease complex Geosmithia sp. Fusarium solani

28 PHC: Pests  Walnut twig beetle and thousand cankers disease of black walnut (Juglans nigra)—insect-disease complex (Geosmithia sp. and Fusarium solani) 1990s Utah 2001 New Mexico

29 PHC: Pests  Walnut twig beetle and thousand cankers disease --Black walnut decline

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31 PHC: Pests  Asian long-horned beetle (Anoplophora glabripennis) --native to Japan, Korea, and China discovered in Brooklyn and Amityville, NY --Maples and horsechestnuts, also ash, poplar, willow, elm, mulberry, and black locust

32 PHC: Pests  Asian long-horned beetle

33 PHC: Pests  Asian long-horned beetle

34 Plant Health Care  Novel disease control compounds to reduce pesticide usage in the arboricultural industry: --“Biopesticides” - synthetic or natural compounds such as plants, microorganisms, and certain minerals control pest and foliar diseases.

35 Arboricultural Research  Research  More research  Even more research Application

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39 “With great power… Comes great responsibility.”

40 Only you can speak for trees. Angel Oak, Charleston, SC

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