Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Horticulture Team Blue Tigers Jennifer Hawkins Kevin Khy Man Wing Amy Lui Marilan Luong Tiffany Nguyen.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Horticulture Team Blue Tigers Jennifer Hawkins Kevin Khy Man Wing Amy Lui Marilan Luong Tiffany Nguyen."— Presentation transcript:

1 Horticulture Team Blue Tigers Jennifer Hawkins Kevin Khy Man Wing Amy Lui Marilan Luong Tiffany Nguyen

2 Horticulture Cultivation: Tools and Processes Man Wing Amy Lui Horticulture was developed before 8000BC in Old Europe New tools for cultivation were mainly created by women, including – The Hoe – The Spade – The Plough Women were the farmers, therefore they had the knowledge of the craft

3 The Hoe Man Wing Amy Lui It is widely used by females as it seems safe Edward Hyams: New Stone Age – the inventors of gardening, are almost certainly women In Neolithic culture, women are buried with hoes and men are not. It is used to loosen the soil, breaks up large clods to create the proper tilth and kill weeds. Image of “Woman Hoeing the World Snake”

4 The Spade Man Wing Amy Lui It is an important tool for cultivation, invented by women, is used for thousand of years It is originally made by wood Men clear new land, and women use spade to plant. Incas believed crops must be planted by women, or else the crops would not grow

5 The Plough Man Wing Amy Lui It is one of the two marks conventionally distinguishing agriculture from horticulture It is for preparing the soil for seeding or planting Women were not credited in this invention because of:  Today’s thinking of strength in using a modern plough does not go with capability of a female  People believe female is not strong enough to take control over a plough

6 The Plough Man Wing Amy Lui Facts that women were reported the stronger sex and they were the first users of a plough:  Women, did so much work in cultivation, carry home with a heavy load of crops and firewood and walk for miles  Females begin to be labor in age of 9 or 10, and the point is not who seems to be stronger, but who is trained for strength  Women were basically the primary cultivators

7 The Horticulture Women Man Wing Amy Lui Female labors hold the daily tasks:  Plant and harvest crops  Collect and haul firewood  Collect and move the clay for pottery  Often build houses or shelters

8 Tiffany Nguyen According to Dictionary.com, agriculture can be defined as the science, art, or occupation concerned with cultivating land, raising crops, feeding, breeding and raising livestock. It can also be viewed as the production of crops, livestock, or poultry.

9  Throughout the world, both women and men play a critical role in agriculture.  The main producers of the world’s staple crops are rural woman.  Even though women are an important aspect in agriculture, they are considered to be the most disadvantaged of populations  Gender bias and gender blindness still persist Tiffany Nguyen

10

11  Definition: According to dictionary.com, irrigation can be defined as the artificial application of water to land to assist in the production of crops. Tiffany Nguyen

12  2 basic types of irrigation  Bringing plants to the water  Bringing water to the plants  Women have mainly been associated with the first type of irrigation  Women were considered cultivators and society relatively egalitarian in the Ubaid period Tiffany Nguyen

13  Semiramis  Bamboo aqueducts that brought water to the houses were created by Dyak women in Malaysia Tiffany Nguyen

14 Kevin Khy

15 Fire as land-clearing tool - Gatherer-hunters -Women were first to tame fire, to clear land for their gardens. - Men did the heavier work, while women set the fires. Kevin Khy

16 Fertilizer The role of women in fertilizer history. Accidental Enrichment Menstrual Blood Originated from ancient Greek Thesmophoria. Great Autumn Festival Herring buried by Massachusetts Natives Supplied rich combination of Nitrogen and Phosphorus. Burning Kelp (Orkneys) Women were probably the first seaweed experts New Guinea Highlands Women plant Casuarina trees Women are primary producers Kevin Khy

17 In africa both sexes clear land for planting. Men = Prestigious, Dangerous, and Ritualized form of tree- cutting Women = Collect brushwood to burn. They know the fertilizing effect of ash and sterilizing and weed killing effects of the flames. Kevin Khy

18 JENNIFER HAWKINS

19 Women are credited with domesticating and improving the selection of all basic food plants, including those that the world eats today. During the Green Revolution (Neolithic Revolution) 150 of the hundred thousand plant species have been commercially cultivated for food – 85% of our food by weight and 95% of our calories and protein 75% of all human food energy come from cereals which were domesticated in prehistory – Wheat – Rice – Maize – Barley – Oats – Sorghum – Millet – Rye JENNIFER

20  Other high protein grains and plants domesticated MILLED QUINOA WINGED BEANTARWI JENNIFER

21 Marilan Luong

22  Conversion of raw materials into convenient & practical product for consumption Plants Nuts  Entails- removal of toxins and fermentation, milling, controlled storage and packaging, preservation, cooking, and freezing. MarilanLuong

23  Foods are often poisonous or inedible in their natural state Examples include: Marilan Luong AcornOlivesTaroSagoBreadfruit

24  How to make them safe? Figure out ways of preparation and cooking  Examples include methods of detoxification and debittering

25  Women’s achievement in making harvested plants edible has had a major impact on the foods we eat today Such involvement has led to inventions of stone pestle, graters, sieves and strainers, and mallets  Many of our earliest foods required that the toxins and bitter taste be removed before eating Marilan Luong

26  Acorns Essential food source for many Native Americans To consume must be cracked (stone), hulled, cleaned and pounded into flour with a stone pestle Then rinse with water until all the bitter tannic acid is removed  Can also be left whole/crushed, placed into net bags to be left at a stream for a season (debittering technic) This entire food process was incredibly laborious work for these women Marilan Luong

27  Olives Important part of Mediterranean culture and diet Raw olives contain vegetable acids as well as bitter glucoside (olivil) which makes them unpleasant to taste Marilan Luong

28  The olivil can be removed by an incredibly exhaustive treatment with pure water or lye solution  Process consists of:  Olives layered 2ft thick in containers with false bottoms  Water has to be changed frequently to prevent bacteria growth  Must kept submerged  Salt used to re-firm softened flesh and to keep bacteria away Marilan Luong

29  Removal of toxins  Fermentation  Milling  Storage and Ripening  Waxing  Cutting, Trimming, and Peeling  Blanching  Cooking  Freezing and Refrigeration  Curing and Smoking  Dehydration  Pasteurization  Pickling Marilan Luong *All are methods to help prevent food spoilage*

30 JENNIFER HAWKINS Animal Husbandry

31  Caring for animals that are used primarily as food or product sources JENNIFER What is Animal Husbandry?  Farmers, ranchers, sheep- herders, or anyone who takes care of animals  Also known as Animal Science

32  Salina, Maria, and Elena  Henrietta King  Among the first to dip cattle to protect them from tick fever  Sally Forbes  Helen Newton Turner JENNIFER New Breeds and Varieties Texas Longhorn-Hereford

33  Salina, Maria, and Elena  Henrietta King  Among the first to dip cattle to protect them from tick fever  Sally Forbes  Helen Newton Turner JENNIFER New Breeds and Varieties Santa Gertrudis

34  Salina, Maria, and Elena  Henrietta King  Among the first to dip cattle to protect them from tick fever  Sally Forbes  Helen Newton Turner JENNIFER New Breeds and Varieties Red Angus

35  Salina, Maria, and Elena  Henrietta King  Among the first to dip cattle to protect them from tick fever  Sally Forbes  Helen Newton Turner New Breeds and Varieties Merino Sheep JENNIFER

36 Care of Livestock JENNIFER Livestock and Cattle car  Women focused on the improvement and treatment of livestock

37 Care of Livestock JENNIFER Feeding Trough  Women focused on the treatment of livestock

38 Care of Livestock JENNIFER  Other Women Inventors  Mary Lipscomb Improved sheep shears  Miriam Louis A. Rothschild Improved and modernized ways of handling livestock  Helen Skeggs Promoted growth in farm animals  Melinda L. Boice Produced the first successful calf by in-vitro fertilization

39 Dairy & Poultry Inventions JENNIFER  Women also focused on the advancements of labor, making it more efficient, clean, and safe

40 Dairy & Poultry Inventions JENNIFER  Dairy Inventions  Motor for churns  Improved milking machines  Ice-less Milk cooler and refrigerator  Increase in milk production

41 Dairy & Poultry Inventions JENNIFER  Poultry Inventions  Incubator  Improvements in chicken coops

42 Dairy & Poultry Inventions JENNIFER  Mary Engle Pennington  Improved handling and packaging of dairy and poultry products  “Egg-Case filler”  Developed sanitary methods


Download ppt "Horticulture Team Blue Tigers Jennifer Hawkins Kevin Khy Man Wing Amy Lui Marilan Luong Tiffany Nguyen."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google