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Biotechnology The manipulation of living things to make products benefiting human beings.
Biotechnology Timeline the term was first used 1950’s - DNA discovered 1970’s – Today birth of the biotech industry transfer of genes between organisms stem cell research cloning
Industrial Uses of Biotechnology Waste Management Biomining DNA Chips
Biotechnology for Health Human Genome Project (HGP) Genetic Testing Human Gene Therapy Xenotransplantation
Cloning Medical Uses of Cloning Ethical Concerns
Biotechnology and Agriculture Genetically Engineered Crops Transgenic Animals and Plants Internationally Concerns with GM Foods
History of Agricultural Technology: From Domestication Through Today
What have you eaten today? Fruit Coffee/Tea Grains
Center of Origins North America Seeds 1. Sunflower 2. Acorns Fruits 1. Blueberries 2. Strawberries History of Horticulture © 2002 Jules Janick, Purdue University
Center of Origins South America Root Tubers 1. Andean potato, Solanum andigenum (96 chromosomes) 2. Other endemic cultivated potato species. Grains and Legumes 1. Starchy maize, Zea mays amylacea 2. Lima bean, Phaseolus lunatus (secondary center) 3. Common bean, Phaseolus vulgaris (secondary center) Vegetable Crops 1. Pepino, Solanum muricatum 2. Tomato, Lycopersicum esculentum 3. Pumpkin, Cucurbita maxima 4. Pepper, Capsicum frutescens History of Horticulture © 2002 Jules Janick, Purdue University
Center of Origins India Cereals and Legumes 1. Rice, Oryza sativa 2. Chickpea or gram, Cicer arietinum 3. Pigeon pea, Cajanus indicus 4. Urd bean, Phaseolus mungo 5. Mung bean, Phaseolus aureus 6. Rice bean, Phaseolus calcaratus 7. Cowpea, Vigna sinensis Vegetables and Tubers 1. Eggplant, Solanum melongena 2. Cucumber, Cucumis sativus 3. Radish, Raphanus caudatus (pods eaten) 4. Taro, Colocasia antiquorum 5. Yam, Dioscorea alata Fruits 1. Mango, Mangifera indica 2. Orange, Citrus sinensis 3. Tangerine, Citrus nobilis 4. Citron, Citrus medica 5. Tamarind, Tamarindus indica Sugar, Oil, and Fiber Plants 1. Sugar cane, Saccharum officinarum 2. Coconut palm, Cocos nucifera 3. Sesame, Sesamum indicum 4. Safflower, Carthamus tinctorius 5. Tree cotton, Gossypium arboreum 6. Oriental cotton, Gossypium nanking 7. Jute, Corchorus capsularis 8. Crotalaria, Crotalaria juncea 9. Kenaf, Hibiscus cannabinus Spices, Stimulants, Dyes, and Miscellaneous 1. Hemp, Cannabis indica 2. Black pepper, Piper nigrum 3. Gum arabic, Acacia arabica 4. Sandalwood, Santalum album 5. Indigo, Indigofera tinctoria 6. Cinnamon tree, Cinnamomum zeylanticum 7. Croton, Croton tiglium 8. Bamboo, Bambusa tulda History of Horticulture © 2002 Jules Janick, Purdue University
Center of Origins Middle-East: Grains and Legumes 1. Einkorn wheat, Triticum monococcum (14 chromosomes) 2. Durum wheat, Triticum durum (28 chromosomes) 3. Poulard wheat, Triticum turgidum (28 chromosomes) 4. Common wheat, Triticum vulgare (42 chromosomes) 5. Oriental wheat, Triticum orientale 6. Persian wheat, Triticum persicum (28 chromosomes) 7. Triticum timopheevi (28 chromosomes) 8. Triticum macha (42 chromosomes) 9. Triticum vavilovianum, branched (42 chromosomes) 10. Two-row barley, Hordeum distichum, H. nutans 11. Rye, Secale cereale 12. Mediterranean oats, Avena byzantina 13. Common oats, Avena sativa 14. Lentil, Lens esculenta 15. Lupine, Lupinus pilosus, L. albus Forage Plants 1. Alfalfa, Medicago sativa 2. Persian clover, Trifolium resupinatum 3. Fenugreek, Trigonella foenum graecum 4. Vetch, Vicia sativa 5. Hairy vetch, Vicia villosa Fruits 1. Fig, Ficus carica 2. Pomegranate, Punica granatum 3. Apple, Malus pumilo (one of the centers) 4. Pear, Pyrus communis and others 5. Quince, Cydonia oblonga 6. Cherry, Prunus cerasus 7. Hawthorn, Crataegus azarolus History of Horticulture © 2002 Jules Janick, Purdue University
The Value of Food A ratio that links the number of calories per obtained per serving to the amount of energy required in the production. Wheat Rice Corn Potato
Distribution of the global population How does this influence the population density's? North vs. South America Middle East vs. Europe Western vs. Eastern Hemisphere
History of food Transition from Hunter-gatherer to Agriculture specialization, population increases, culture, etc…. These early farmers unknowingly changed he plants they grew.
Agricultural Improvements Irrigation Domestication of animals. Plows Mechanization Diesel engine Fertilizer
Human Population Growth
Unintended Consequences Irish Potato Famine 2 million starved 2 million emigrated to the US Dust Bowl Deep soil tilling Residents migrated west
Modern Agriculture Organic vs. Conventional production Cost Environmental Concerns Regulation Popular
Modern Agriculture Gene Revolution -GM foods -patent laws Current Agricultural Practices -big seed companies -global market
Modern Agriculture Food miles Urbanization Food Security
Human Population Growth
PLANT SCIENCES II BSC-201. Search for Food Hunter-gatherer society Primary subsistence method involves the direct collection of edible plants and animals.
Human impact on the environment In this lesson you will learn about: the biological control of pest species the use of GM crops as an alternative to using.
Alexander E. Ochem ICGEB Trieste, Italy Dissemination of Plant Biotechnology - an African Perspective WIPO-UPOV SYMPOSIUM ON INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS.
Agriculture Chapter 11. What is Agriculture and Where did Agriculture Begin? Key Question:
Importance of Agriculture to Society. Interest Approach Before class, mass 55 grams, 39 grams, 22 grams, and 12 grams of a solid fat, such as Crisco,
Chapter 7 Food and Agriculture Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.
Food from genetically engineered crops. Should we worry? Maarten J. Chrispeels.
Copyright © 2005 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings PowerPoint ® Lecture prepared by Jay Withgott Scott Brennan Jay Withgott 6 Soils,
1.2 Glossary Aesthetic Pertaining to a sense of beauty or to aesthetics. Agriculture The broad industry engaged in the production of plants and animals.
By : Kashish Moolrajani 7DD. GM Foods stands for Genetically Modified Foods. Genetically Modified Foods are plant products. A GM Food is basically a plant.
Plant Biotechnology Intellectual Property Rights and the Bt cotton case in China Qin Fang Wang Associate professor Biotechnology Research Institute Chinese.
The Prime Purpose of Science and Technology is not to change the Universe but : To get the answers of some of the queries about Our- selves And to.
AGRICULTURE AND RURAL LAND USE. DEVELOPMENT AND DIFFUSION NEOLITHIC REVOLUTION – w,w,w,w SECOND AG REVOLUTION – w,w,w,w THIRD AG REVOLUTION – w,w,w,w.
BIOTECHNOLOGY IN NEPAL A SYNOPSIS Professor Dr. Sarbajna Man Tuladhar Research Centre for Applied Science and Technology (RECAST) Tribhuvan University,
Can – or should we – prevent extinctions?. Unknown Number of Species on Earth 1.7 million are documented – mostly insects (about 1,000,000) and plants.
SC.912.L Evaluate the impact of biotechnology on the individual, society the environment, including medical and ethical issues. BIOTECHNOLOGY (Genetic.
Copyright © 2006 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings PowerPoint ® Slides prepared by Jay Withgott and Heidi Marcum Copyright © 2008.
FARMER INNOVATIONS AND INDIGENOUS KNOWLEDGE WHICH PROMOTE AGROBIODIVERSITY IN KENYA, A CASE STUDY OF MWINGI AND BONDO DISTRICTS PRESENTED AT REGIONAL WORKSHOP.
Guns Germs and Steel The Fates of Human Societies By Jared Diamond 1997 Text extracted from Chapters 1-10
BIOLOGY Topic Option F. Topic Outline Plants Applied Animal Science Plant Growth Regulators Plant and Animal Breeding Genetic Engineering in Agriculture.
The Neolithic Revolution (8000BCE-3500BCE) Sometimes termed the Agricultural Revolution. Humans begin to slowly domesticate plant and animal stocks in.
Earth Systems & Resources Chapter 14 Food & Soil Resources.
Poultry Nutrition and Feeding ارائه از وبلاگ:
Transgenic Organisms. What are Transgenic Organisms? Transgenic organisms are organisms whose genetic material has been changed by the addition of foreign.
Biotechnology BIT-110 (3 hrs) Dr. Hajra Sadia (PhD, Biotechnology)
Bio = _______ technos = ________ logos = ____________ Biotechnology = _____________________________.
Agricultural Biotechnology Iqbal Harbi Mohammed General Board of date Palm.
Introduction to Biotechnology Competencies
1. 2 What are the issues? Biotechnology vs. traditional breeding methods Food safety Environment Social.
Sustainable Agricultural Systems I.Some Thoughts about Sustainability “The spiritual danger of not owning a farm is supposing that breakfast comes from.
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