3Agriculture in Maharashtra First State to adopt Dry Land Farming TechnologyPioneer in Horticulture Development through EGS2nd largest producer of fruits in India (95 lakhs MT/annum)Leading producer of grapes, pomegranate and orangeSecond highest producer of banana and sugarcaneHighest producer of coarse cereals and cotton
4Agriculture in Maharashtra (Contd.) ParticularsMaharashtra% with CountryGeographical AreaSq. Km9.36%Population100 Million9.43%Total Cultivable land30.76 Million Ha.16.85%Per Capita IncomeRs. 41,331/-National Average Rs. 33,131/-Gross Cultivated AreaLakh Ha.11.83%Gross Irrigated Area39.58 Lakh Ha.5.15%
5Agriculture in Maharashtra (Contd.) Production(Million MTs)% with CountryFood Grain10.935.12Oilseeds0.613.59Pulses2.0313.57Cotton3.0822.21Sugarcane26.9811.37Sugar9.1032.12Fruits11.0417.40Vegetables6.455.1355
6Maharashtra’s Strengths in Horticulture Diverse agro-climatic conditionsStrong research support – Four agricultural universitiesNational Research Centers for:Grapes - Pune, Citrus - Nagpur, Onion & Garlic – Rajgurunagar (Dist.Pune), and, Pomegranate - SolapurStrong co-operative networkProximity to international airport & sea port provide the logistic advantagesStrong crop based farmers organizationsInnovative farmers6
7Status of fruit crops in Maharashtra Area before 1990 : 2.42 Lakh ha.New plantations : Lakh ha.Total area : Lakh ha.Number of villages : 39,411Productive area : 9.14 lakh ha.Production : lakh MTNumber of growers : lakhsExpenditure : Rs. 1,234 CroresGross annual turnover : Rs. 6,300 CroresMan days generated : 3,300 lakh7
8Export of Fresh Fruits and Vegetables from Maharashtra Sr.Crop% share of exportin India1Grape982Mango653Onion904Vegetables68Maharashtra is leading state in export of fresh fruit & vegetables8
10Status of GAP in Maharashtra GAP integrates the application of new production system such as IPM, ICM & INM for commercial production of agricultural productsQuality certification in agricultureSr.No.CropEUREPPGAPCertified Farms1Grape20002Mango2003Pomegranate50
11Q 1: What are issues in Agricultural Production?
12Issues in Agricultural Production Small land holdingsSubdivision and fragmentation of landPresence of % of small and marginal farmerOnly 35 % of area under irrigationHeavy dependence on rainfallLow farm mechanizationLow adoption of technologyWhat is the result?ResultsLow productivityLow shelf life
14Issues in Agricultural Marketing Too many intermediariesPost harvest losses (around 20%)Lack of professionalismLack of Pvt. Sector participationUnhygienic conditionsIncreased Marketing ExpensesInadequate transparency in auctioningLow bargaining power of farmersWhat is the result?Lack of standardization and gradationResultsLack of facilities - grading, packing, cold storage, processingDistress saleLow share of producer in consumer rupeeMarket Information & IntelligenceLong and fragmented value chain (perishables)
15Q 2: What are issues in Agricultural Processing?
16Issues in Agricultural Processing Only 2% of perishables processedLack of private sector participationWeak backward linkagesUn-assured forward linkagesAbsence of contract farmingWhat is the result?Results- No value addition / Very little VA.- Self life not increased / Very low SL.
18Measures for Improving Agri. Marketing Providing Transparent Auction SystemProviding better Infrastructural FacilitiesProviding Risk Mitigation measuresProviding Alternative Marketing ChannelsWarehouse Receipt ProgrammeMarket Information & Intelligence
19Externally Aided Projects Maharashtra Agricultural Competitiveness Project (MACP)Convergence of Agricultural Interventions in Maharashtra (CAIM)Agribusiness Infrastructure Development Investment Program (AIDIP)Amendments in Agricultural Marketing ActPrivate MarketsFarmer Consumer MarketDirect MarketingSpecial Commodity MarketSingle License SystemAPMC Secretary PanelPlanning for Infrastructure Development
20Maharashtra Agricultural Competitiveness Project (MACP) World Bank fundedObjective – to increase productivity, profitability and market access and make farmer competitiveAgriculture, AHD and Agriculture Marketing – line Depts.Interventions - Extension measures by Agriculture & AHD Strengthening existing markets providing alternative marketing channels by Agri. MarketingPeriod – 6 yrsOutlay – Rs Crores
21Convergence of Agricultural Interventions in Maharashtra (CAIM) International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) aidedObjective: To improve household incomes from diversified farming and from off-farm activitiesCoverage: 1200 villages from suicide prone districts (Akola, Amravati, Buldhana, Washim, Yawatmal & Wardha)Interventions: Institutional Partnership Development & Capacity Building , Sustainable Agriculture & Mktg. Linkages, SHG & CMRC Development , Micro-Enterprises & SMEsPeriod : 8 yrsOutlay: Rs. 593 Crores
22Agribusiness Infrastructure Development Investment Program (AIDIP) Objectives -To attract private sector investment for agricultural infrastructure development.Basic agricultural infrastructures as per needs of farmers, traders and entrepreneurs.Farmers capacity building and formation of farmers groups and producer Companies .Crop diversification.Value addition for perishable crop
23Project Components –1. Establishment of Integrated Value Chain (IVCs) on PPP basis, Hub – Spoke model2. Strengthening and establishing of IVC backward linkage under JFPR3. Institutional Development and Program managementFinancing Plan – (Multi-tranche Financing Facility )ADB - $ 85 million (32 %), GoM - $ 21 million (8 %) and Private Investors - $ 159 million (60 %)Establishment of Integrated Value Chains (IVCs) –In 1st Tranche – Nashik & Aurangabad – Amrawati IVCsRest of Maharashtra – IVCs will be established in next 6-7 years.The project is expected to complete by year 2017
24Amendments in Maharashtra Agricultural Produce Marketing (Dev. & Reg Amendments in Maharashtra Agricultural Produce Marketing (Dev. & Reg.) Act 1963Private marketsFarmer – Consumer marketsDirect MarketingSpecial commodity marketsRegional / Divisional APMCSingle license systemCadre for the secretaries of APMCContract Farming.
25Private MarketsIndividuals, Co-op. Societies, companies can establish Private MarketLicense will be requiredCollection & utilization of market fee for the development of marketFacilities like Pre-cooling, Cold storage, Packing centers, Washing centers, Electronic auction, Immediate payment etc. to be provided by private market operators.Private Market license issued – 23Turnover – Rs Cr.
26Farmer Consumer Market Direct selling of Agricultural produce from farmer to consumers.Farmer & Consumer both will be benefited as middlemen are deleted.Minimum facilities to be created.License from Director Marketing is necessary.Operators can charge necessary service charges.
27Direct Marketing License from Director of Marketing, Maharashtra State License holder can purchase Agricultural produce from farmer at village level.Market fee to be paid to APMCPressure on APMCs will reduceIncome of APMC will increaseDirect Marketing license issued – 78Turnover – Rs Cr.
28Special Commodity Market Modern facilities for the Sale, Purchase, Store, Grading, Packing of Agricultural produce will be created.Infrastructure development & can avail the subsidy facilities of State / Central Govt.Onion, Potato, Orange, Banana etc. Govt. can establish Special Commodity Market.Special Commodity Markets to be established by State Govt. only.
29Regional / Divisional APMC Regional – Arrival of agricultural produce from more than one Tahasil.Divisional – Arrival of agricultural produce from more than one District.Govt. can declare the APMC as Regional / Divisional.Representatives of Farmers, Hamals, Merchants, Traders, Local Authorities, MSAMB, Govt. on APMC Board of Director.
30Single License SystemLicense holder can purchase agricultural produce from more than one APMC area.Traders can purchase agricultural produce in a whole stateTime & Money of traders will be saved.Transparency in License issuing system.Single License issued - 28
31APMC Secretary Panel For the efficient & commercial operations of APMC Working Secretaries & Highly Qualified Professional / Personals will be included in the Panel.Recruitment of Secretary from Panel.Control etc. are the rights of APMC.Panel to be maintained by the MSAMB.
32Registration fee is Rupees 500. Contract FarmingContract Farming Sponsor shall apply for registration in FORM “G” to SDAO.Registration fee is Rupees 500.SDAO to dispose of application within 60 days.Prohibition for creation of right, title, interest or ownership in the land under Contract Farming Agreement.Prohibition for sale of land under contract farming agreement by sponsor.Total area under Contract farming 1.00 Lakh Ha.
33Activities carried out by M.S.A.M.B. in Marketing & Risk Management
34SCIENTIFIC ONION STORAGE INFRASTRUCTURE Construction cost - Rs. 6000/- per MTsSubsidy for - 5, 10, 15, 20, 25 & 50 MTsSubsidy Amount - Rs. 1500/- per MTs or 25% Constructioncost whichever less.Total Capacity Created Lac MTsFarmer beneficiaries – 28516Subsidy given Rs Cr.
37Training & Demonstration Programs (Market Led Extension) MSAMB with help from State Agriculture Department and Agriculture Universities regularly carry out training programs for farmers in “Quality Production, Post Harvest Handling & Marketing Aspects”.Total No. of Farmers Trained – 56,000.
40Vapor Heat Treatment Plant Location : Exporters Building, Vashi, New Mumbai Facilities available :VHT Machine - Imported from JapanPre-coolingCold StorageGrading & Packing LineAPEDA Certified Pack House FacilitiesEstablishment of another VHT machine in the near future.
41Mango Export to Japan Market opened in June-2006 Participated in Mango Promotion Program, JapanHigh Value marketExported around 25 MTs+ mangoes after processing in VHT.Occurrences of residues in mangoes (Chloro-pyriphos)Successful Trials for use of Thermo-col boxes
42Planning for Infrastructure Development Erection of Irradiation Facility Centre at Vashi, Navi Mumbai is in progressPromotion of export of Agril. produce to US & Europe.Planning to develop Quarantine and Phyto-sanitary facilities for promoting export of fresh fruits and vegetables.
43Quality Consciousness Guidance to the Growers for GLOBALGAP Certification.- 63 Alphonso mango growers, 76 Kesar Mango grower, 53 Pomegranate growers received the certificate.Announced 50% subsidy for certification (Mango & Pomegranate)Undertaking Awareness Programme for the growers to understand the need of changing scenario w.r.t. WTO, Food Safety etc.MSAMB giving 50% subsidy to farmers.
44Market Led Extension – N.I.P.H.T. (Horticulture Training Center) State-of-art Practical Training Centre set up with the help of FMO-The Netherlands & PTC NetherlandsFirst of its kind in India & 2nd in Asia.Equipped with : Classrooms, Demonstration Halls, Library, Hostel, Restaurant, Glass/Poly Houses, Meteorological StationSoil & Water Testing Laboratory.Fully Computerized Controlled to Low Cost Poly-houses (Total 12)Total No of Trainees Trained
45Market IntelligenceMSAMB has entered into MoU with REUTERS (UK based) for dissemination of Market rates, Weather forecast, Pesticide & Fertilizer application guidance through SMS via mobile phones (REUTERS has 1,00,000+ members)“MARKNET” - Computerized 291 main markets & 54 sub markets and connected through internet with MSAMB’s portal (www.msamb.com).Installation of projection TV systems at 69 APMCs in the state for dissemination of arrival, prices and agricultural information.MSAMB has signed MOU with NOKIA to disseminate Market Rates, Weather, Forecast & Other Agril. information.Ticker Boards with NCDEX assistance – 106 APMCsDisplay Boards – In 140 APMCs
46Creation of Growers’ Apex Cooperative Societies Sr. No.Name of the OrganizationCommodityDate of Establishment1MahagrapesGrapesJan. 19912MahamangoMangoMar. 19913MahabananaBananaJan. 20024MahaanarPomegranateAug. 20055MahaorangeMandarinsMar. 20086MahacashewCashewSept. 2010
47Fruit Festival Scheme To reduce the intermediaries. Availability of commodities to consumers at reasonable priceBetter returns to farmersAssistance of Rs. 1000/- per stall & Rs. 10,000/- for advertisement in Corporation areas.Assistance of Rs. 700/- per stall & Rs. 5000/- for advertisement in other cities / towns.
48Other Activities undertaken by MSAMB Chanalising Agency for Onion Export since 1999.Nodal Agency for setting up of Terminal Markets(Mumbai, Nashik, Nagpur)Initiated the process to set up:Modern Markets at Aurangabad & Basamatnagar on BOT thru’ PPPModern Markets at 20 different locationsComputerised Auction System in 100 APMCs Provides subsidy for:Cost of sea freight for export of onion to Europe.Purchase of Crates by farmers.Global GAP certification