Presentation on theme: "1 Developing Agricultural Value Chains & Commercialization of Agriculture Marketing in India Maharashtra Experience Ramesh Shingte Nodal Officer Project."— Presentation transcript:
1 Developing Agricultural Value Chains & Commercialization of Agriculture Marketing in India Maharashtra Experience Ramesh Shingte Nodal Officer Project Implementation Unit- Agri. Mktg Maharashtra Agricultural Competitiveness Project, PUNE
3 Agriculture in Maharashtra First State to adopt Dry Land Farming Technology Pioneer in Horticulture Development through EGS 2 nd largest producer of fruits in India (95 lakhs MT/annum) Leading producer of grapes, pomegranate and orange Second highest producer of banana and sugarcane Highest producer of coarse cereals and cotton
4 Agriculture in Maharashtra (Contd.) ParticularsMaharashtra% with Country Geographical Area307713 Sq. Km9.36% Population100 Million9.43% Total Cultivable land30.76 Million Ha.16.85% Per Capita IncomeRs. 41,331/-National Average Rs. 33,131/- Gross Cultivated Area225.57 Lakh Ha. 11.83% Gross Irrigated Area 39.58 Lakh Ha.5.15%
5 Agriculture in Maharashtra (Contd.) Production (Million MTs) % with Country Food Grain10.935.12 Oilseeds0.613.59 Pulses2.0313.57 Cotton3.0822.21 Sugarcane26.9811.37 Sugar9.1032.12 Fruits11.0417.40 Vegetables6.455.13
6 Maharashtra’s Strengths in Horticulture Diverse agro-climatic conditions Strong research support – Four agricultural universities National Research Centers for: Grapes - Pune, Citrus - Nagpur, Onion & Garlic – Rajgurunagar (Dist.Pune), and, Pomegranate - Solapur Strong co-operative network Proximity to international airport & sea port provide the logistic advantages Strong crop based farmers organizations Innovative farmers
7 Status of fruit crops in Maharashtra Area before 1990:2.42 Lakh ha. New plantations:13.32 Lakh ha. Total area:15.74 Lakh ha. Number of villages:39,411 Productive area:9.14 lakh ha. Production:103.2 lakh MT Number of growers:17.51 lakhs Expenditure: Rs. 1,234 Crores Gross annual turnover : Rs. 6,300 Crores Man days generated: 3,300 lakh
8 Export of Fresh Fruits and Vegetables from Maharashtra Sr.Crop % share of export in India 1Grape98 2Mango65 3Onion90 4Vegetables68 Maharashtra is leading state in export of fresh fruit & vegetables
9 Farmers Organizations / NGOs 1.Grape Growers Association 2.Mango Growers Association 3.Pomegranate Growers Asso. 4.Banana Growers Association 5.Sapota Growers Association 6.Orange Growers Association 7.Sweet Orange Growers Association 8.Kagzi Lime Growers Asso. 9.Guava Growers Association 10.Aonla, Fig, Custard-apple Growers Association 11.Vegetable Growers Association 12.Flower Growers Association 13.WIFA (Western India Floriculturist Association) 14.Medicinal & Aromatic Plants Growers Association 15.Associations for Organic Spices cultivation 16.Nursery Owners Association
10 Status of GAP in Maharashtra GAP integrates the application of new production system such as IPM, ICM & INM for commercial production of agricultural products Quality certification in agriculture Sr. No. Crop EUREPPGAP Certified Farms 1Grape2000 2Mango200 3Pomegranate50
11 Q 1: What are issues in Agricultural Production?
12 Small land holdings Subdivision and fragmentation of land Presence of % of small and marginal farmer Only 35 % of area under irrigation Heavy dependence on rainfall Low farm mechanization Low adoption of technology What is the result? Results - Low productivity - Low shelf life Issues in Agricultural Production
13 Q 2: What are issues in Agricultural Marketing?
14 Too many intermediaries Lack of professionalism Unhygienic conditions Inadequate transparency in auctioning Lack of standardization and gradation Lack of facilities - grading, packing, cold storage, processing Market Information & Intelligence Long and fragmented value chain (perishables) Post harvest losses (around 20%) Lack of Pvt. Sector participation Increased Marketing Expenses Low bargaining power of farmers What is the result? Results - Distress sale - Low share of producer in consumer rupee Issues in Agricultural Marketing
15 Q 2: What are issues in Agricultural Processing?
16 Only 2% of perishables processed Lack of private sector participation Weak backward linkages Un-assured forward linkages Absence of contract farming What is the result? Results - No value addition / Very little VA. - Self life not increased / Very low SL. Issues in Agricultural Processing
18 Measures for Improving Agri. Marketing Providing Transparent Auction System Providing better Infrastructural Facilities Providing Risk Mitigation measures Providing Alternative Marketing Channels Warehouse Receipt Programme Market Information & Intelligence
19 Externally Aided Projects Maharashtra Agricultural Competitiveness Project (MACP) Convergence of Agricultural Interventions in Maharashtra (CAIM) Agribusiness Infrastructure Development Investment Program (AIDIP) Amendments in Agricultural Marketing Act Private Markets Farmer Consumer Market Direct Marketing Special Commodity Market Single License System APMC Secretary Panel Planning for Infrastructure Development
20 Maharashtra Agricultural Competitiveness Project (MACP) World Bank funded Objective – to increase productivity, profitability and market access and make farmer competitive Agriculture, AHD and Agriculture Marketing – line Depts. Interventions - Extension measures by Agriculture & AHD Strengthening existing markets providing alternative marketing channels by Agri. Marketing Period – 6 yrs Outlay – Rs. 703.00 Crores
21 International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) aided Objective: To improve household incomes from diversified farming and from off-farm activities Coverage: 1200 villages from suicide prone districts (Akola, Amravati, Buldhana, Washim, Yawatmal & Wardha) Interventions: Institutional Partnership Development & Capacity Building, Sustainable Agriculture & Mktg. Linkages, SHG & CMRC Development, Micro-Enterprises & SMEs Period : 8 yrs Outlay: Rs. 593 Crores Convergence of Agricultural Interventions in Maharashtra (CAIM)
22 Objectives - To attract private sector investment for agricultural infrastructure development. Basic agricultural infrastructures as per needs of farmers, traders and entrepreneurs. Farmers capacity building and formation of farmers groups and producer Companies. Crop diversification. Value addition for perishable crop Agribusiness Infrastructure Development Investment Program (AIDIP)
23 Project Components – 1. Establishment of Integrated Value Chain (IVCs) on PPP basis, Hub – Spoke model 2. Strengthening and establishing of IVC backward linkage under JFPR 3. Institutional Development and Program management Financing Plan – (Multi-tranche Financing Facility ) ADB - $ 85 million (32 %), GoM - $ 21 million (8 %) and Private Investors - $ 159 million (60 %) Establishment of Integrated Value Chains (IVCs) – In 1st Tranche – Nashik & Aurangabad – Amrawati IVCs Rest of Maharashtra – 15- 20 IVCs will be established in next 6-7 years. The project is expected to complete by year 2017
24 Private markets Farmer – Consumer markets Direct Marketing Special commodity markets Regional / Divisional APMC Single license system Cadre for the secretaries of APMC Contract Farming. Amendments in Maharashtra Agricultural Produce Marketing (Dev. & Reg.) Act 1963
25 Individuals, Co-op. Societies, companies can establish Private Market License will be required Collection & utilization of market fee for the development of market Facilities like Pre-cooling, Cold storage, Packing centers, Washing centers, Electronic auction, Immediate payment etc. to be provided by private market operators. Private Market license issued – 23 Turnover 2012-13 – Rs. 2058.00 Cr. Private Markets
26 Direct selling of Agricultural produce from farmer to consumers. Farmer & Consumer both will be benefited as middlemen are deleted. Minimum facilities to be created. License from Director Marketing is necessary. Operators can charge necessary service charges. Farmer Consumer Market
27 License from Director of Marketing, Maharashtra State License holder can purchase Agricultural produce from farmer at village level. Market fee to be paid to APMC Pressure on APMCs will reduce Income of APMC will increase Direct Marketing license issued – 78 Turnover 2012-13 – Rs. 915.11 Cr. Direct Marketing
28 Modern facilities for the Sale, Purchase, Store, Grading, Packing of Agricultural produce will be created. Infrastructure development & can avail the subsidy facilities of State / Central Govt. Onion, Potato, Orange, Banana etc. Govt. can establish Special Commodity Market. Special Commodity Markets to be established by State Govt. only. Special Commodity Market
29 Regional – Arrival of agricultural produce from more than one Tahasil. Divisional – Arrival of agricultural produce from more than one District. Govt. can declare the APMC as Regional / Divisional. Representatives of Farmers, Hamals, Merchants, Traders, Local Authorities, MSAMB, Govt. on APMC Board of Director. Regional / Divisional APMC
30 License holder can purchase agricultural produce from more than one APMC area. Traders can purchase agricultural produce in a whole state Time & Money of traders will be saved. Transparency in License issuing system. Single License issued - 28 Single License System
31 For the efficient & commercial operations of APMC Working Secretaries & Highly Qualified Professional / Personals will be included in the Panel. Recruitment of Secretary from Panel. Control etc. are the rights of APMC. Panel to be maintained by the MSAMB. APMC Secretary Panel
32 Contract Farming Sponsor shall apply for registration in FORM “G” to SDAO. Registration fee is Rupees 500. SDAO to dispose of application within 60 days. Prohibition for creation of right, title, interest or ownership in the land under Contract Farming Agreement. Prohibition for sale of land under contract farming agreement by sponsor. Total area under Contract farming 1.00 Lakh Ha. Contract Farming
33 Activities carried out by M.S.A.M.B. in Marketing & Risk Management
34 Construction cost - Rs. 6000/- per MTs Subsidy for - 5, 10, 15, 20, 25 & 50 MTs Subsidy Amount - Rs. 1500/- per MTs or 25% Construction cost whichever less. Total Capacity Created - 7.00 Lac MTs Farmer beneficiaries – 28516 Subsidy given Rs. 72.44 Cr. SCIENTIFIC ONION STORAGE INFRASTRUCTURE
35 Agriculture Pledge Loan Scheme Scheme started: Year 1990-91 Crops covered: Tur, Mug, Udad, Safflower, Paddy, Soya bean, Chana, Sunflower, Jawar, Bajara, Wheat, Maize, Cashew, Seeds, Raisins, Turmeric etc. Rate of Interest : 6-8% Period of 180 days APMC involved – 60 Loan disbursed – Rs. 35 Cr. Every year.
37 Training & Demonstration Programs (Market Led Extension) MSAMB with help from State Agriculture Department and Agriculture Universities regularly carry out training programs for farmers in “Quality Production, Post Harvest Handling & Marketing Aspects”. Total No. of Farmers Trained – 56,000.
40 Vapor Heat Treatment Plant Location : Exporters Building, Vashi, New Mumbai Facilities available : VHT Machine - Imported from Japan Pre-cooling Cold Storage Grading & Packing Line APEDA Certified Pack House Facilities Establishment of another VHT machine in the near future.
41 Mango Export to Japan Market opened in June-2006 Participated in Mango Promotion Program, Japan High Value market Exported around 25 MTs+ mangoes after processing in VHT. Occurrences of residues in mangoes (Chloro-pyriphos) Successful Trials for use of Thermo-col boxes
42 Planning for Infrastructure Development Erection of Irradiation Facility Centre at Vashi, Navi Mumbai is in progress Promotion of export of Agril. produce to US & Europe. Planning to develop Quarantine and Phyto-sanitary facilities for promoting export of fresh fruits and vegetables.
43 Quality Consciousness Guidance to the Growers for GLOBALGAP Certification. - 63 Alphonso mango growers, 76 Kesar Mango grower, 53 Pomegranate growers received the certificate. Announced 50% subsidy for certification (Mango & Pomegranate) Undertaking Awareness Programme for the growers to understand the need of changing scenario w.r.t. WTO, Food Safety etc. MSAMB giving 50% subsidy to farmers.
44 Market Led Extension – N.I.P.H.T. (Horticulture Training Center) State-of-art Practical Training Centre set up with the help of FMO- The Netherlands & PTC Netherlands First of its kind in India & 2nd in Asia. Equipped with : Classrooms, Demonstration Halls, Library, Hostel, Restaurant, Glass/Poly Houses, Meteorological Station Soil & Water Testing Laboratory. Fully Computerized Controlled to Low Cost Poly-houses (Total 12) Total No of Trainees Trained - 17000
45 MSAMB has entered into MoU with REUTERS (UK based) for dissemination of Market rates, Weather forecast, Pesticide & Fertilizer application guidance through SMS via mobile phones (REUTERS has enrolled @ 1,00,000+ members) “MARKNET” - Computerized 291 main markets & 54 sub markets and connected through internet with MSAMB’s portal (www.msamb.com).www.msamb.com Installation of projection TV systems at 69 APMCs in the state for dissemination of arrival, prices and agricultural information. MSAMB has signed MOU with NOKIA to disseminate Market Rates, Weather, Forecast & Other Agril. information. Ticker Boards with NCDEX assistance – 106 APMCs Display Boards – In 140 APMCs Market Intelligence
46 Creation of Growers’ Apex Cooperative Societies Sr. No.Name of the OrganizationCommodityDate of Establishment 1MahagrapesGrapesJan. 1991 2MahamangoMangoMar. 1991 3MahabananaBananaJan. 2002 4MahaanarPomegranateAug. 2005 5MahaorangeMandarinsMar. 2008 6MahacashewCashewSept. 2010
47 Fruit Festival Scheme To reduce the intermediaries. Availability of commodities to consumers at reasonable price Better returns to farmers Assistance of Rs. 1000/- per stall & Rs. 10,000/- for advertisement in Corporation areas. Assistance of Rs. 700/- per stall & Rs. 5000/- for advertisement in other cities / towns.
48 Other Activities undertaken by MSAMB Chanalising Agency for Onion Export since 1999. Nodal Agency for setting up of Terminal Markets (Mumbai, Nashik, Nagpur) Initiated the process to set up: Modern Markets at Aurangabad & Basamatnagar on BOT thru’ PPP Modern Markets at 20 different locations Computerised Auction System in 100 APMCs Provides subsidy for: Cost of sea freight for export of onion to Europe. Purchase of Crates by farmers. Global GAP certification