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1 Sericult ure. 2 Sericulture industry in Jammu & Kashmir State is of very old origin. The department of sericulture was created in the year 1889 under.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Sericult ure. 2 Sericulture industry in Jammu & Kashmir State is of very old origin. The department of sericulture was created in the year 1889 under."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Sericult ure

2 2 Sericulture industry in Jammu & Kashmir State is of very old origin. The department of sericulture was created in the year 1889 under the monopolistic control of government to promote silk industry in the state. In this regard a very good infrastructure including mulberry nurseries, silkworm seed stations and silk reeling/weaving factories were established. Due to these efforts Jammu and Kashmir became one of the leading silk producing states. During those days sericulture was the only cash crop available to the farmers. By 1940, about families were engaged in this activity and the production of cocoon was as high as lac kgs. Silk yarn apart from its use as a textile fibre, was being utilized as material for parachutes. Department of Sericulture functions under the control of Ministry of Agriculture, Govt of Jammu and Kashmir

3 VISION Transform Sericulture and Silk Industry into a truly viable, profitable and sustainable enterprise MISSION Achieve green cocoon production of 1750 MT and Raw Silk Production of 270 MT at the end of 12 th plan ( ) and MT & 2400 MT at the end of 15 th plan ( ) with value addition and coupled with more and more employment generation. 3

4 ROAD MAP TO ACHIEVE TARGET OF 1750 MT OF COCOON PRODUCTION AT THE END OF 12 th PLAN &12000 MT AT THE END OF 15 th PLAN This will be achieved by vertical and horizontal expansion of Sericulture in the State.

5 5 Support for Raising Mulberry Tree Plantation in Cluster Form Cluster development of Mulberry Plantation/Departmental Land Supply of Rearing Appliance Assistance for construction of Rearing Houses Health Insurance Scheme for Women Establishment of Hot Air Dryers. Establishment of Reeling units Incentive on Silk Yarn. Establishment of Cocoon Bank Establishment of Silk Exchange Corpus funds for market intervention SCHEMES UNDER IMPLEMENTION

6 Ideal climatic conditions for quality Bivoltine cocoon production. Sericulture a traditional practice. Rearing, reeling and weaving have been a tradition since ages Availability of basic infrastructure with the state sericulture department. Low level of industrialization- availability of farm/family labor Increasing market demand for quality silk 6 SERICULTURE IN J&K

7 Silkworm rearing a part time occupation- only a single crop is raised Poor quality of mulberry leaf, as leaf is harvested from scattered unmaintained mulberry trees Poor infrastructure/inadequate rearing space with farmers Huge yield gaps between lab and land Knowledge deficit among farmers and weak extension Lack of proper training among the basic extension workers Lack of proper marketing of cocoons Lack of good post cocoon sector- production of low grade silk from good quality silk cocoons Incomplete value addition - inadequate backward and forward linkages Non-involvement of Private Sector especially in mulberry sapling and silkworm seed production. 7 Weakness

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9 Present Status of Sericulture in the State 9 MULBERY SECTOR Departmental Nurseries 173 Total area under Nurseries 963 Acres Production capacity of Saplings/Year 30 Lac Present Annual Sapling production in Departmental Nurseries20 Lac Total available mulberry tress in the State 100 Lac SEED SECTOR Grainages 6 Basic Seed Stations 9 Annual DFL Production 17 Lac Annual DFL Consumption 25 Lac

10 COMMERCIAL SILKWORM REARING Cocoon Rearers28,000 No. of Sericulture Villages2500 Annual Cocoon Production (MT)900 Income Generation (Lac)1193 POST COCOON SECTOR Silk Reeling Units 34(11 functional) +3 New 10

11 Year Cocoon Prod. (MT) Income generatio n ( Lac Rs.) Avg. Price for “A” grade (Rs.) Productivity per Oz. ( Kg ) Silkworm rearers population (Nos.) ACHIEVEMENTS-SERICULTURE 11

12 Leaf shortage Low survival of mulberry saplings in field Poor leaf quality Lack of chawki gardens Shortage of rearing houses Poor rearing conditions Non-availability of CRCs Lack of training among farmers Low returns from sericulture Low land holding Poor Quality of human resource Lack of sound post-cocoon sector 12 CONSTRAINTS

13 Quality leaf production: Rearing infrastructure: Training for farmers Mass disinfection drive: Quality seed supply: Silkworm hybrid for second rearing Silkworm brushing calendar Chawki rearing Establishment of Chawki gardens Disease monitoring and management: Crop monitoring and marketing: Model silk villages/clusters Sound post cocoon se ctor Mounting and seriposition Skill development programs Outsource major activities of DOS such as mulberry sapling production and silkworm seed production 13 FUTURE STRATGIES

14 Action plan for bivoltine cocoon /raw silk production for XII plan YEAR-WISE TARGET FOR 12TH PLAN as per State resources Unit Present Status at end of XI Plan Mulberry area required Cocoon ProductionMT Seed Distributionozs Productivity/ozs.Kg Raw silk productionMT RendittaKg Rearers populationNos

15 Activity UnitPresent Status of 11 th Plan 12 th Plan Target 13 th Plan Target 14 th Plan Target 15 th Plan Target Mulberry area required Hectare Cocoon Production MT Seed Distribution Oz Productivity /oz Kg Raw silk production MT Renditta Kg Rearers population No27,00050,00090,0001,80,0004,00,000 Action plan for bivoltine cocoon /raw silk production for next 20 years 15

16 YearActivityQuantity (Lac No.) Mandays generation (Lac No.) Financial involvement (Lac Rs.) 3 rd YearPlant Production th YearPlant Production th YearPlant Production Year wise action plan for additional production of mulberry plants 12 th Plan 16

17 PlanActivityQuantity (Lac No.) Financial involvement (Lac Rs.) 12thPlant propagation thPlant Propagation thPlant Production thPlant Production Action plan for additional production of of mulberry saplings during next 20 years 17

18 YearActivity Quantity (Lac No.) Mandays generation (Lac No.) Man-year Generation (Nos.) Financial involvement (Lac Rs.) 1 st YearPlant distribution nd YearPlant distribution rd YearPlant distribution th YearPlant distribution th YearPlant distribution Year wise proposed distribution of mulberry plants among farmers/departmental farms 18

19 YearNo Cost Rs lac 12 th plan th plan th plan th plan Plan wise action plan for additional distribution of mulberry plants among farmers/departmental farms for plantation 19

20 SOME TIPS FOR MULBERRY SAPLINGS PRODUCTION Dept does have sufficient land to produce mulberry saplings while production cost is high. Establishment of Kisan nurseries in private sector is the option. Initially Dept can purchase saplings from Kisan Nurseries and supply to farmers Dept can also lease some land to SHGs for production of mulberry saplings, purchase and supply to farmers Dept can provide infrastructure and technology support to Kisan Nurseries or SHGs to produce quality mulberry saplings 20

21 ESTABLISHMENT OF KISSAN NURSERIES/OUSOURCING OF PLANT PRODUCTION. Land Holding2 KANAL Cost for establishment of Poly House: (One time Investment) 50,000 Plant Production per year: 3000 Production cost for 2 12/Plant: Returns on sale of ,000 Net earning from 1 Kanal of land (2yrs) on rotation basis :

22 Cost for Establishment of poly house: Rs 100,000 (One time Investment) Plant Production per year: Rs 6000 Production cost for 2 12/Plant: Rs Returns after sale of 3000 Rs 150,000 Net earning from 2 Kanal of land: Rs 78, LAND holding - 4 KANAL

23 YearActivity Quantity (Lac dfls) Mandays generation (Lac No.) Man-year Generation (Nos.) Financial involvement (Lac Rs.) 1 st YearSeed Production nd YearSeed Production rd YearSeed Production th YearSeed Production th YearSeed Production Total Year wise action plan for production of silkworm seed 23

24 PlanQuantity(Lac oz)Cost(Rs. ) 12 th Plan th Plan th Plan th Plan Plan wise action plan for production of silkworm seed 24

25 SUGESSIONS TO OUTSOURCE SILKWOM SEED PRODUCTION AND CHAWKIE REARING Dept does not have enough manpower and infrastructure to produce silkworm seed as per the estimated demand The production cost is already high as compared to private sector Dept must outsource silkworm seed production and provide infrastructure and technology support to private entrepreneurs for seed production with check on quality standards Similarly CRCs can be established in private sector for supply of chawki worms to farmers All these initiatives will reduce burden on Govt and will bring in efficiency in the system and will make sericulture a self sustaining enterprise 25

26 (Rs lac) Construction of Seed House : 3.00 Equipment : 1.00 PRODUCTION COST for 800 oz(Rs 300/oz) 2.40 Procurement of 400 kg of seed cocoons for production of 800 oz of hybrid silkworm seed 1.00 Labor for production of 800 oz of 1.0 M.D./oz 1.20 Disinfectants /waste paper/craft paper etc 0.20 Sale of 1 oz of Hybrid silkworm seed Net earnings from 800 oz of Seed /-oz.) ONE TIME INVESTMANT FOR ESTABLISHMENT OF SEED HOUSE IN PRIVATE SECTOR :

27 Year Quantity (Ozs) CRCs to be setup Cost (Rs lac) Amount Available (Rs lac) Cost (Rs lac) 1 st Year nd Year rd Year th Year th Year Year wise action plan for setting-up of additional incubation cum chawki rearing centres 27

28 S. No PlanActivity Quantity (Oz) CRCs to be setup Financial involvement (Lac Rs.) Amt Available Lac Rs Amt required Lac Rs th Plan Seed to be incubated th Plan Seed to be incubated th Plan Seed to be incubated th Plan Seed to be incubated Plan wise action plan for setting-up of incubation cum chawki rearing centres 28

29 ESTABLISHMENT OF CRC’S IN PRIVATE SECTOR ONE TIME INVESTMANT = Rs 4.15 Lac Construction of Chawki Rearing House = Rs 3.00 Lac Equipment for CRC: Rs 1.00 Lac Establishment of Chawki Rearing Garden of 2 kanal with 1800 Plants( Plant Spacing 2 x 3) : Rs Lac 3 year maintenance of garden = Rs Lac production cost for 100 oz of chawki reared worms = Rs 0.55 Lac (Rs 550/oz of Seed including cost of seed Rs 450/oz) Sale of 1 oz of Chawki reared worms : Rs 800 Net earnings from 100 oz of Chawki worms = Rs

30 Unit 1st Year 2nd year3rd year 4 th year 5 th year Estimated Cocoon ProductionMT Reeling units to be established for projected cocoon productionNos = =758-54=4 Estimated Raw Silk ProductionMT Expected income generation from Raw SilkLac Rs Estimated Mandays Generation by way of Raw Silk ProductionLac No Power looms to be establishedNos Estimated Fabric ProductionLac Mtr Estimated income generation from Fabric Prod.Lac Rs Establishment of additional Reeling, Weaving, Dyeing, Printing and Designing units 12 th PLan 30

31 ParticularsUnit 12 th Plan 13 th Plan 14 th Plan 15th Plan Estimated Cocoon Production (5 yrs) MT 4800* Reeling units to be established Nos Estimated Raw Silk Production MT Expected income generation from Raw Silk Lac Rs Power looms to be established Nos Estimated Fabric Production Lac Mtr Estimated income generation from Fabric Prod. Lac Rs * 3 yrs Establishment of Reeling, Weaving, Dyeing, Printing and Designing units in the State during next 20 years 31

32 ACTIVITYUNIT12 th PLAN13 th PLAN14 th PLAN15 th PLAN PhyFinPhyFinPhyFinPhyFin Production of mulberry saplings Lac Distribution of saplings Lac Up gradation of nurseries (Bore well, fencing etc) No Establishment of Kisan nurseries No Total MULBERRY SECTOR 32

33 ActivityUnit12 th PLAN13 th PLAN14 th PLAN15 th PLAN PhyFinPhyFinPhyFinPhyFin Production of silkworm seed Lac Basic seed stations No Seed Grainages Establishment of cold storage No Purchase Refrigerated Van No Incubation cum Chawki centre’s No CRC buildingsNo SPC in Private Sec CRCs in Pvt Sec Total SILKWORM SEED SECTOR 33

34 ActivityUnit12 th PLAN13 th PLAN14 th PLAN15 th PLAN COCOON PRODUCTION SECTOOR PhyFinPhyFinPhyFinPhyFin Rearing houses for farmersNo Rearing kit for farmersNo Total POST COCOON SECTOR Cocoon auction marketsNo Cocoon ware houseNo Reeling unitsNo Twisting UnitsNo Power loomsNo CFCsNo Total HUMAN RESOURCE DEV Training Institute for technical staff and Farmers 2300_-- Hostel for students of training institute Hostel for farmers Training/Capacity Building/Awareness Total

35 12 th Plan13 th Plan14 th Plan15 th Plan PhyFinPhyFinPhyFinPhyFin Purchase of light vehicle Heavy vehicle POL etc Outsource upkeep Total MISCELENIOUS EXPENDITURE 35

36 12 th PLAN13 th PLAN14 th PLAN15 th PLAN ExpIncomeExpIncomeExpIncomeExpIncome Financial implications for Action plan for 20 years (Rs crore) 36

37 Joint Director Dy. Director Post Cocoon (Jammu) Dy. Director Post Cocoon (Kashmir) Total Office wise Staff Requirement (Fig in Nos.) S. No Nomenclature Joint Directorate J&K Post Cocoon sector Dy. Director Post Cocoon (Jammu) Dy. Director Post Cocoon (Kashmir) Total Post requirement Textile Engineer Technician Section Officer Head Assistant Sericulture Assistant Senior Assistant Junior Assistant Class IV HUMAN RESOURCE REQUIRED FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF POST COCOON SECTOR 37

38 TRANSFER OF TECHNOLOGY 38 Under transfer of technology Rearing Kits and Rearing Houses will be provided to farmers to increase cocoon production both quantitatively as well as qualitatively.

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