Presentation on theme: "Basic Ag Awareness Agriscience Applications"— Presentation transcript:
1Basic Ag Awareness Agriscience Applications By: Johnny M. JessupAgriculture Instructor/FFA Advisor
2What is Agriscience?The application of scientific principles and new technologies to agriculture.
3Agriscience is……An applied science because it uses principles learned in biology, chemistry, and physics (the basic sciences) in a practical way.
4Examples of Agriscience AgronomyUses biology and chemistry to discover new ways to control weeds in crops.EntomologyUses biology and chemistry to study insect life.Agricultural EngineeringUses physics to develop new machinery.
5Agriscience employs….. The scientific method to solve problems. The steps to the scientific method are….Identify the problem.Review literature.Form a hypothesis.Prepare a project proposal.Design the experiment.Collect the data.Draw conclusions.Prepare a written report.
6What is Agriculture?Activities concerned with the production of plants and animals, and related supplies, services, mechanics, products, processing, processing, and marketing.
7USDA refers to agriculture as…. “Agriculture/ Agribusiness and renewable natural resources”.Another definition is food, fiber, and environmental systems.
8Why is Agriculture/Agriscience Important? Largest “employer” and the largest source of income in the United States and North Carolina.
9Opportunities in Agriculture Agricultural production is supported by many more careers than actually exist in production.Many careers in agriscience products & distribution are needed to grade, transport, process, package, & market agriculture commodities.Many careers for agriculture supplies & services are also important.Projections show that the average size of farms in the U.S. will increase while the number of farms will decrease.
10Opportunities in Agriculture Twenty percent of all jobs in the U.S. are agriscience related.In addition to farming, agriscience jobs help support farmers to meet the world’s food & fiber needs.Areas include:ProductionProcessing, products, and distributionSupplies and services.
11World OutlookThe world population will grow as more people beget more people.More children are surviving to adulthood.More adults are living longer.Population growth will….Add stress to environmental systems of air, water, soil, and natural resources.Create challenges to meet the demands for food and fiber (clothing and shelter).
12Trends for Agriculture/Agriscience Agriculture will always be an essential industry.Increased commercialization of agriculture will continue.New types of farming such as aquaculture (fish farming and farming the sea) will be used as well as traditional farming methods.
13Trends for Agriculture/Agriscience An expanded view of agriculture is necessary.
14Divisions of Agriculture AgribusinessAgriscience MechanicsAgronomyAnimal ScienceBiotechnologyHorticultureNatural Resources
15What is Agribusiness?Commercial firms that have developed with or stem out of agriculture.
25What is Horticulture?Involves the producing, marketing fruits, vegetables, and ornamental plants. (Green Industry)Continues to expand as the standard of living is raised.
26Horticulture includes…. Greenhouse ManagementNursery ManagementLandscape ArchitecturePlant PhysiologyIntegrated Pest Management
27What are Renewable Natural Resources? Resources provided by nature that can replace or renew themselves.Important both economically and for posterity’s sake to maintain life.Agriculture & resources management will include pollution control.
28Natural Resources - Forestry Timber management for lumber, poles, post, plywood, and etc. is another part of the agricultural industry.
30What are Commodities? Agricultural products which are sold. Examples: MilkCornWheatBeefCotton
31U.S. Agricultural Commodities #1 State Rankings BeefDairyBroilersEggsTurkeysTexasCaliforniaGeorgiaIowaMinnesota
32U.S. Agricultural Commodities #1 State Rankings SwineHorsesSheepFruitVegetablesIowaTexasCalifornia
33U.S. Agricultural Commodities #1 State Rankings CottonWheatCornSoybeansPeanutsTexasKansasIowaIllinoisGeorgia
34U.S. Agricultural Commodities (Market Value of Products Sold) Total CropsCaliforniaTotal LivestockTexasTotal Ag Income
35Top 10 U.S. Ag Commodity Exports #1 Soybeans#2 Corn*#3 Wheat#4 Cotton#5 Misc. Hort Products#6 Poultry Meat**#7 Feed#8 Edible Tree Nuts#9 Pork#10 Feed Grain*Consistently ranks in top 5 in U.S. grain exports year after year.**Number 1 meat export as far as tonnage shipped from the U.S.
36Top 10 Importers of U.S. Ag Commodities #1 Canada#2 Mexico#3 Japan#4 China#5 South Korea# 6 Taiwan# 7 United Kingdom# 8 Germany# 9 The Netherlands#10 Turkey
37U.S. Dept of AgricultureSecretaryMike JohannsNebraska
38U.S. Dept of Agriculture Oversees the following: Food Safety InspectionCommodity GradingMeatFruitVegetablesEggs
39U.S. Dept of Agriculture Oversees the following: School Lunch Program Food StampsAgricultural CooperativesU.S. Forest ServiceCooperative ExtensionAgricultural Marketing
40North Carolina Agriculture North Carolina is #1 in the following commodities.TobaccoSweetpotatoes
41North Carolina Agriculture North Carolina is #2 in the following commodities.HogsChristmas TreesTurkeys
42North Carolina Agriculture North Carolina is #3 in the following commodities.PicklesTroutTotal Poultry & Eggs
43North Carolina Agriculture North Carolina is #4 in the following commodities.BlueberriesBroilersGreenhouse/NurseryStrawberries
44North Carolina Agriculture North Carolina is #5 in the following commodities.CatfishPeanutsSnap Beans
45North Carolina Agriculture North Carolina is ranked in the top 10 nationally in the following commodities.ApplesCottonGrapesTomatoesWatermelonsTotal Cash Receipts
46North Carolina Agriculture Ranking in Agricultural Income#1 – Hogs#2 – Broilers#3 – Greenhouse & Nursery***#4 – Tobacco#5 – Turkeys***Recently passed tobacco to crack the top 3.
47SOURCE OF FARM CASH RECEIPTS, NORTH CAROLINA, 2003 $6,916,349,000
48North Carolina Agriculture #1 County by Commodity HogsBroilersGreenhouse/NurseryTobaccoTurkeysDuplinWilkesMecklenburgPittSampson
49North Carolina Agriculture #1 County by Commodity CottonEggsCattleMilkSoybeansNorthhamptonIredellRobeson
50North Carolina Agriculture #1 County by Commodity CornChristmas TreesPeanutsSweetpotatoesWheatBeaufortAsheMartinNashRobeson
51North Carolina Agriculture Top Ten Counties in Farm Cash Receipts, North Carolina, 2003
53North Carolina Agriculture Agricultural Research North Carolina has two land grant universities.North Carolina State University (1887)North Carolina A&T State University (1891)
54NC Dept of Agriculture Steve Troxler Current Commissioner Guilford County
55NC Dept of Agriculture Oversees the following: All agricultural issues Weights & StandardsFood & Drugs in North CarolinaNC State Fair
56NC Dept of Agriculture Oversees the following: Marketing Farmer’s MarketsGoodness Grows ProgramResearch StationsStructural PestsVeterinarian Program
57Professional Agricultural Organizations Allow professionals the opportunity to network, learn, and communicate.Provide trade shows and journals to update members on new methods, products, and technology.Use membership dues to finance commodity advertisement, trade journals, and educational programs for members.
58Cooperative Extension Service Located in all 100 counties and the Cherokee Indian Reservation.Provides information for those working in agriculture.Best free source of information for small agricultural businesses.Administers the 4H program.
60Progress in Agriculture Mechanization helps 2% of America’s work force to meet the food & fiber needs of our nation.There has been a reduction from 90% of the nation’s populace involved in farming 200 years ago.
61Progress in Agriculture: Historical Events George WashingtonIn 1785, he became the first American to own mules.Also introduced agricultural concepts such as terracing, crop rotation, and the use of cover crops.
62Progress in Agriculture: Historical Events Eli WhitneyInvented the cotton gin in 1793.Turned cotton into an usable product by removing cottonseed from the cotton fiber.
66Progress in Agriculture: Historical Events Cyrus McCormickInvented the grain reaper in 1834 to save labor in cutting wheat, oats, and similar crops.Later a threshing machine was added and it became known as a combine.
70Progress in Agriculture: Historical Events Edmund W. QuincyInvented the mechanical corn picker in 1850.Anna BaldwinChanged the dairy industry in 1878 by inventing a milking machine to replace hand milking.
71Progress in Agriculture: Historical Events Joseph GliddenInvented barbed wire in 1874.Used for livestock fencing.Tamed the west by allowing ranches with fixed boundaries to be established.
72Progress in Agriculture: Historical Events Booker T. WashingtonFounded the Tuskegee Institute in Alabama.Advocate of vocational education/skills development.The school was later given land-grant status.
73Progress in Agriculture: Historical Events George Washington CarverDirector of agricultural research at Tuskegee Institute in early 1900’s.Found new uses for soybeans, peanuts, and sweetpotatoes.Diversified southern agriculture.
74Progress in Agriculture: Historical Events John FroelichInvented the 1st gasoline powered tractor that could go forwards and backwards in 1892.His Waterloo Tractor Company was later bought out by the John Deere Co. in 1918.
76Progress in Agriculture: Historical Events Benjamin HoltInvented the traction system found on modern day tanks and bulldozers.Company went one to become Caterpillar Inc.This is where tractors get their name.
81Progress in Agriculture: Historical Events In 1954, the tractor finally surpasses the mule as the main source of agricultural power.
82Improving Life through Agriscience SoybeansKnown as the “Yellow Jewell” to the Chinese.World’s most important source for vegetable oil.Provide basic materials for hundreds of products.Used as major food source in China in the form of tofu.
83Improving Life through Agriscience Baked PotatoesUSDA developed the pest resistant variety of potato called the BelRus.A superior baking variety.Bred to grow well in New England.
84Improving Life through Agriscience AerosolsDeveloped by the U.S. military to create a “bug bomb” to combat malaria.Present day pressurized cans originated from that early research.
85Improving Life through Agriscience Beltsville Small White TurkeyA 8-10 lb. turkey developed by USDA researchers.Need arose when American families decreased in size and 30lb. turkeys became too much.
86Improving Life through Agriscience The Green RevolutionProcess whereby many countries became self sufficient in food production in the 1960s by using improved crop varieties and practices.
87Improving Life through Agriscience The Green IndustryThe modern horticulture industry with emphasis on turf and landscape plants.
88Improving Life through Agriscience Cultivated BlueberriesBlueberry industry launched when high-quality, large-fruited blueberries were developed.Blueberries had to be picked from the wild before this development.
89Improving Life through Agriscience Nutritional ValuesDetergent chemical methods were developed to analyze nutritional value of feed stuffs.Procedures now widely used in both human & animal nutrition.
90Improving Life through Agriscience Biological AttractantsChemicals only produce short term results.Traps created to capture large numbers of insect populations for integrated pest management programs.
92Agriscience and the Future The average American farmer produces enough food and fiber for 128 people.As the world’s population increases, it will require a more sophisticated agriscience industry to keep pace with demand.
93Agriscience and the Future The science of food production, processing, and distribution will require:College graduates to fill roles as scientists, engineers, and other professionals.USDA reported an increased demand for graduates from agricultural colleges in the 90s.
94Designed By:Johnny M. Jessup, FFA AdvisorHobbton High School